Hemodynamic Stability during Induction of Anesthesia in ElderlyPatients: Propofol + Ketamine versus Propofol + Etomidate

Hamzeh Hosseinzadeh, Mahmood Eidy, Samad EJ Golzari & Mahmood Vasebi
Introduction: Various methods have been recommended to prevent hemodynamic instability caused by propofol induction. Current study evaluates hemodynamic effects of ketamine and propofol in comparison to etomidate and propofol during anesthesia induction.; Methods: Sixty-two patients over 50 years old undergoing elective surgeries were randomly assigned to ketamine + propofol (ketofol) (n=30) and etomidate + propofol (etofol) (n=32) groups. Patients in ketofol group were induced with ketamine 0.75 mg/kg and propofol 1 mg/kg. In etofol group,...