miR-296-5p inhibits IL-1β-induced apoptosis and cartilage degradation in human chondrocytes by directly targeting TGF-β1/CTGF/p38MAPK pathway

Zhilin Cao, Wenguang Liu, Xiaoyi Qu, Haiyong Bi, Xiujiang Sun, Qian Yu & Gong Cheng
Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by apoptosis of chondrocytes and an imbalance of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and catabolism. Emerging evidence has demonstrated that miRNAs are involved in OA pathologies, but the role of miR-296-5p in OA remains unclear. The present study proposes to reveal the functions and mechanisms of miR-296-5p in a cell model of OA. In this study, human chondrocytes were treated with 5 ml interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) to induce apoptosis and cartilage degradation....
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