MeCP2-induced heterochromatin organization is driven by oligomerization-based liquid–liquid phase separation and restricted by DNA methylationHui Zhang, Hector Romero, Annika Schmidt, Katalina Gagova, Weihua Qin, Bianca Bertulat, Anne Lehmkuhl, Manuela Milden, Malte Eck, Tobias Meckel, Heinrich Leonhardt & M. Cristina Cardoso
Heterochromatin is the highly compacted form of chromatin with various condensation levels hallmarked by high DNA methylation. MeCP2 is mostly known as a DNA methylation reader but has also been reported as a heterochromatin organizer. Here, we combine liquid–liquid phase separation (LLPS) analysis and single-molecule tracking with quantification of local MeCP2 concentrations in vitro and in vivo to explore the mechanism of MeCP2-driven heterochromatin organization and dynamics. We show that MeCP2 alone forms liquid-like spherical...
1 citation reported since publication in 2022.
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