STROBE checklist: Implication of use of 2014 Integrated Management of Childhood Illness Pneumonia Guidelines with and without pulse oximetry use in Malawi

Shubhada Hooli, Charles Makwenda, Norman Lufesi, Tim Colbourn, Tisungane Mvalo, Eric D. McCollum & Carina King
Background: Under-5 pneumonia mortality remains high in low-income countries. In 2014 WHO advised that children with chest indrawing pneumonia, but without danger signs or SpO2 < 90% be treated in the community, rather than hospitalized. In Malawi there is limited pulse oximetry availability. Methods: Secondary analysis of 13,413 under-5 pneumonia cases in Malawi. Pneumonia associated case fatality ratios (CFR) were calculated by disease severity under the assumptions of the 2005 and 2014 WHO Integrated Management...
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