Tuberculosis preventive treatment among individuals with inactive tuberculosis suggested by untreated radiographic abnormalities: a community-based randomized controlled trial

Haoran Zhang, Henan Xin, Ying Du, Xuefang Cao, Shouguo Pan, Jianmin Liu, Ling Guan, Fei Shen, Zisen Liu, Bin Zhang, Dakuan Wang, Boxuan Feng, Jiang Du, Xueling Guan, Yijun He, Yongpeng He, Zhanjiang Zhang, Jiaoxia Yan, Qi Jin & Lei Gao
Epidemiological and interventional studies have been rarely conducted among those with positive interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) results and radiologically inactive tuberculosis (TB) lesions on chest radiograph. This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness and safety of a six-week twice-weekly regimen (rifapentine plus isoniazid) among this key population in rural China. First, chest digital radiography was conducted to screen individuals with inactive TB lesions. Then, the identified participants were further evaluated and eligible participants with IGRA-positive...
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