Small G protein signalling modulator 2 (SGSM2) is involved in oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer metastasis through enhancement of migratory cell adhesion via interaction with E-cadherin

Juo-Han Lin, Wen-Jui Lee, Han-Chung Wu, Chih-Hsiung Wu, Li-Ching Chen, Chi-Cheng Huang, Hang-Lung Chang, Tzu-Chun Cheng, Hui-Wen Chang, Chi-Tang Ho, Shih-Hsin Tu & Yuan-Soon Ho
The function of small G protein signalling modulators (SGSM1/2/3) in cancer remains unknown. Our findings demonstrated that SGSM2 is a plasma membrane protein that strongly interacted with E-cadherin/β-catenin. SGSM2 downregulation enhanced the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK; Y576/577), decreased the expression of epithelial markers such as E-cadherin, β-catenin, and Paxillin, and increased the expression of Snail and Twist-1, which reduced cell adhesion and promoted cancer cell migration. Oestrogen and fibronectin treatment was found to...
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