Autobiographical recall of mastery experiences is a mechanism of self-affirming under social identity threat

Lucy Tavitian-Elmadjian, Michael Bender, Fons J. R. Van De Vijver, Athanasios Chasiotis & Charles Harb
Autobiographical memories are relevant to many areas of psychological functioning. So far, however, there is no evidence whether personal memories can also be instrumental for self-affirmation. We conducted two experiments, varying national identity threat among U.S. Americans recruited through MTurk. In Study 1, participants spontaneously recalled autobiographical memories after being exposed to varying levels of threat. When the threat was identity-relevant, those who spontaneously recalled mastery autobiographical memories had higher collective self-esteem than those who...
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