Sex-related disparities in the incidence and outcomes of infective endocarditis according to type 2 diabetes mellitus status in Spain, 2016–2020

Ana Lopez-de-Andres, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Valentin Hernández-Barrera, Javier de-Miguel-Díez, Jose M. de-Miguel-Yanes, David Martinez-Hernandez, David Carabantes-Alarcon, Jose J. Zamorano-Leon & Concepción Noriega
Abstract Background We performed a study to assess sex-differences in incidence (2016–2020), clinical characteristics, use of therapeutic procedures, and in-hospital outcomes in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) according to T2DM status. Methods Ours was a retrospective cohort study using data from the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database. We estimated the incidence of hospitalizations for IE in men and women aged ≥ 40 years with and without T2DM. Propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariable logistic regression...
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