Heavy-load exercise in older adults activates vasculogenesis and has a stronger impact on muscle gene expression than in young adults

Kaare M. Gautvik, Ole K. Olstad, Ulrika Raue, Vigdis T. Gautvik, Karl J. Kvernevik, Tor P. Utheim, Solveig Ravnum, Camilla Kirkegaard, Håvard Wiig, Garan Jones, Luke C. Pilling, Scott Trappe, Truls Raastad & Sjur Reppe
Abstract Background A striking effect of old age is the involuntary loss of muscle mass and strength leading to sarcopenia and reduced physiological functions. However, effects of heavy-load exercise in older adults on diseases and functions as predicted by changes in muscle gene expression have been inadequately studied. Methods Thigh muscle global transcriptional activity (transcriptome) was analyzed in cohorts of older and younger adults before and after 12–13 weeks heavy-load strength exercise using Affymetrix microarrays....
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