Both indirect maternal and direct fetal genetic effects reflect the observational relationship between higher birth weight and lower adult bone mass

Jiang-Wei Xia, Lin Zhang, Jin Li, Cheng-Da Yuan, Xiao-Wei Zhu, Yu Qian, Saber Khederzadeh, Jia-Xuan Gu, Lin Xu, Jian-Hua Gao, Ke-Qi Liu, David Karasik, Shu-Yang Xie, Guo-Bo Chen & Hou-Feng Zheng
Abstract Background Birth weight is considered not only to undermine future growth, but also to induce lifelong diseases; the aim of this study is to explore the relationship between birth weight and adult bone mass. Methods We performed multivariable regression analyses to assess the association of birth weight with bone parameters measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and by quantitative ultrasound (QUS), independently. We also implemented a systemic Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to explore the...
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