Artificial intelligence for quantifying immune infiltrates interacting with stroma in colorectal cancer

Jing Yang, Huifen Ye, Xinjuan Fan, Yajun Li, Xiaomei Wu, Minning Zhao, Qingru Hu, Yunrui Ye, Lin Wu, Zhenhui Li, Xueli Zhang, Changhong Liang, Yingyi Wang, Yao Xu, Qian Li, Su Yao, Dingyun You, Ke Zhao & Zaiyi Liu
Abstract Background We proposed an artificial intelligence-based immune index, Deep-immune score, quantifying the infiltration of immune cells interacting with the tumor stroma in hematoxylin and eosin-stained whole-slide images of colorectal cancer. Methods A total of 1010 colorectal cancer patients from three centers were enrolled in this retrospective study, divided into a primary (N = 544) and a validation cohort (N = 466). We proposed the Deep-immune score, which reflected both tumor stroma proportion and the...
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