The reach of fertility decline: a longitudinal analysis of human capital gains across generations

Stephanie M. Koning, Alberto Palloni, Jenna Nobles, Ian Coxhead & Lia C. H. Fernald
Abstract The impact of fertility decline on economic development remains central to population studies. Recent scholarship emphasizes parental investment in education as a mediator. We further develop the theoretical foundation, and empirical evidence, for the role of child health—specifically how fertility changes promote children’s physical and cognitive development and thereby complement human capital accumulation through educational gains. We test this using a two-generation model applied to Indonesian longitudinal data from 1993 to 2015. Characteristics of...
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