Lower gestational age is associated with lower cortical volume and cognitive and educational performance in adolescence

Qing Ma, Hui Wang, Edmund T. Rolls, Shitong Xiang, Jiong Li, Yuzhu Li, Qiongjie Zhou, Wei Cheng & Fei Li
Abstract Background Gestational age (GA) is associated with later cognition and behavior. However, it is unclear how specific cognitive domains and brain structural development varies with the stepwise change of gestational duration. Methods This large-scale longitudinal cohort study analyzed 11,878 early adolescents’ brain volume maps at 9–10 years (baseline) and 5685 at 11–12 years (a 2-year follow-up) from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. According to gestational age, adolescents were divided into five categorical...
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