Association of physical activity and air pollution exposure with the risk of type 2 diabetes: a large population-based prospective cohort study

Zhi-Hao Li, Wen-Fang Zhong, Xi-Ru Zhang, Vincent CH Chung, Wei-Qi Song, Qing Chen, Xiao-Meng Wang, Qing-Mei Huang, Dong Shen, Pei-Dong Zhang, Dan Liu, Yu-Jie Zhang, Pei-Liang Chen, Xin Cheng, Hai-Lian Yang, Miao-Chun Cai, Xiang Gao, Virginia Byers Kraus & Chen Mao
Abstract Background The interplay between physical activity (PA) and air pollution in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains largely unknown. Based on a large population-based cohort study, this study aimed to examine whether the benefits of PA with respect to the risk of T2D are moderated by exposure to air pollution. Methods UK Biobank participants (n = 359,153) without diabetes at baseline were included. Information on PA was obtained using the International Physical Activity...
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