Spatio-temporal forecasting of future volcanism at Harrat Khaybar, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Alohali, Daniel Bertin, Shanaka de Silva, Shane Cronin, Robert Duncan, Saleh Qaysi & Mohammed R. Moufti
Abstract The 180,000 km2 of Arabian lava fields (“harrats” in Arabic) form one of the largest distributed basaltic provinces in the world. The most recent eruption in 1256 AD, on the outskirts of Medina, as well as shallow dike emplacement in 2009, ~ 200 km northeast of the city, suggest future volcanic threat to this area. Harrat Khaybar (~ 1.7 Ma to present) is one of the largest and most compositionally diverse Arabian lava fields;...
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