The neuropeptide PACAP alleviates T. gondii infection-induced neuroinflammation and neuronal impairment

Caio Andreeta Figueiredo, Henning Peter Düsedau, Johannes Steffen, Stefanie Ehrentraut, Miklos P. Dunay, Gabor Toth, Dora Reglödi, Markus M. Heimesaat & Ildiko Rita Dunay
Abstract Background Cerebral infection with the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is responsible for inflammation of the central nervous system (CNS) contributing to subtle neuronal alterations. Albeit essential for brain parasite control, continuous microglia activation and recruitment of peripheral immune cells entail distinct neuronal impairment upon infection-induced neuroinflammation. PACAP is an endogenous neuropeptide known to inhibit inflammation and promote neuronal survival. Since PACAP is actively transported into the CNS, we aimed to assess the impact...
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