The mathematical structure of the genetic code: a tool for inquiring on the origin of life

Gonzalez, Diego Luis; CNR-IMM, Bologna Section - Bologna Department Of Statistical Sciences - University Of Bologna, Giannerini, Simone; Department Of Statistical Sciences - University Of Bologna & Rosa, Rodolfo; Department Of Statistical Sciences - University Of Bologna CNR-IMM, Bologna Section - Bologna
In this paper we present a review and some new thoughts on our work about the mathematical structure of the genetic code. The model proposed is a new theoretical tool that allows a fresh insight on many open problems related to the origin, the evolution and the present structure of the genetic machinery. In particular, we show that such model implies the existence of dichotomic classes, quantities that might play a preeminent role in the...