The concept of measure, from Plato to modern statistics. Art of living or intellectual principle?

P. Monari
This paper purports to show that the statistical concept of "measure" was advanced right from the origins of western thought: from the philosophical speculation of Plato, to the harmonic numerical relationships of Pythagoras. We must wait until the sixteenth century for a modern definition, when Galileo takes measurement away from the domain of shops and merchants and brings it to the realm of experimental science. It is Galileo too, who begins to delineate the statistical...