Potential Output and Fiscal Rules in a Monetary Union under Asymmetric Information

Luigi Marattin & Simone Meraglia
We analyze fiscal rules within a Monetary Union in the presence of (i) asymmetric information about member states’ potential output and, therefore, output gap and (ii) bail-out among member states. In our framework, bail-out lowers the scope for signalling (discrimination) by member states (lenders). In the presence of asymmetric information, bail-out and national governments’ shortsightedness make the first-best fiscal rule non-implementable as member states are tempted to run excessively high deficits. The Monetary Union designs...
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