How to turn USA science degrees into science careers

Allison Stelling
This essay discusses the current situation in USA Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) higher education. Possible solutions to the current "skills gap" facing an entire generation of young Americans are considered. It is put forth that an "Industry PhD" may be helpful for guiding the next generation of scientists into stable careers in the sciences. Discovery science, wherein one discovers natural laws of the universe, requires a different toolkit than one needs for doing...