A model’s natural group membership affects over-imitation in 6-year-olds

Andrea A. R. Krieger, Gisa Aschersleben, Linda Sommerfeld & David Buttelmann
The phenomenon of “over-imitation”—the copying of causally irrelevant actions—has influenced research of the past decade. Yet, the mechanisms underlying and factors affecting over-imitation are still under debate. This study aimed to contribute to this debate by investigating the role of the model’s natural group membership in children’s tendency to imitate irrelevant actions using a two-phase design. In Phase 1, 6-year-olds (N = 64) observed either an in-group model or an out-group model presenting a sequence...
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