858 Works

Headwater stream quality for Britain

L. Norton, M. Dunbar, S. Greene & P.A. Scholefield
Data consist of modelled estimates of observed/expected Biological Monitoring Working Party (an index for measuring the biological quality of rivers using selected families of macroinvertebrates as biological indicators) scores for freshwater streams across Great Britain (GB). The BMWP scores (1-10) are based on the principle that macroinvertebrates differ in their perceived sensitivity or tolerance to organic pollution (i.e. nutrient enrichment). Values greater than 1 indicate high water quality. Data pooled across two survey years (1998...

Soil survey in England, Scotland and Wales carried out during 2013 and 2014 [LTLS]

H. Toberman, J. Adams, E. Tipping, D. Schillereff, C. Somerville, M. Coull, R. Helliwell, H. Carter, H. Guyatt, P. Keenan, A. Lawlor, M.G. Pereira, M. Patel, B. Tanna, S. Thacker, N. Thomson, J. Owens, S. Gibbs, D. Smith, C. Bryant, F. Elliot & P. Gulliver
Data comprise results of a soil survey in England, Scotland and Wales carried out during 2013 and 2014 as part of the NERC Macronutrient Cycles project: LTLS : Analysing and simulating long-term and large-scale interactions of carbon nitrogen and phosphorus in UK land, freshwater and atmosphere. The data include bulk density measurements, charcoal and coal determinations, site locations and sampling dates, site vegetation data, soil chemistry and isotope data, soil classifications, information on soil cores...

Survey of bracken biomass, soil chemistry and other environmental factors in Snowdonia and the Lake District in 2014 [LTLS]

E.C. Rowe, H. Toberman, J.L. Adams, A.J. Lawlor, S.A. Thacker, M. Patel & E. Tipping
Data comprise bracken biomass, soil and bracken chemistry (for example mass, bulk density, pH, carbon, nitrogen and the concentration of a range of other elements) precipitation, percentage ground cover of plant species and site information. Samples were collected between 21st July and 6th August 2014 at 49 plots in the English lake district and Snowdonia in Wales. Plots were located in stands with minimum 80% bracken cover and which had not been trampled by grazing...

Freshwater pond quality data 2007 [Countryside Survey]

P. Williams, J. Biggs, A. Crowe, J. Murphy, P. Nicolet, A. Weatherby & M. Dunbar
This dataset consists of freshwater pond quality data for sites across Great Britain in 2007. Data include macrophyte species records, chemistry and water quality, and environmental variables such as pollution, grazing and management, from ponds surveyed within a set of 591 1km squares across Great Britain (note - not all squares contained ponds). The survey was part of Countryside Survey, a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside, and was...

Automatic sampler stage data from six Conwy catchment stream sites 2013 to 2016

M.R. Marshall & D.M. Cooper
Fifteen minute river stage height for 6 river monitoring stations within the Conwy catchment, North Wales are presented for the period 2013 to 2016. At one site (Cwm Llanerch) site the water temperature was also sampled. At all sites, the mean water height in millimetres (mm) is measured using a pressure transducer installed at an arbitrary level and recorded onto data loggers every 15 minutes. The data were collected to estimate flow in the 6...

First egg dates for great tits (Parus major) and blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) breeding in three deciduous woods in Cambridgeshire, England in 1993 to 2016

S.A. Hinsley & P.E. Bellamy
This dataset contains first egg dates for great tits (Parus major) and blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) from Monks Wood, Brampton Wood and Wennington Wood in Cambridgeshire, England, over a 23 year period. The dataset runs from the breeding season in 1993 to the end of the breeding season in 2015. The first egg dates are presented as the number of days from the start date which was set as the 1st April each year. Because...

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) soil moisture content from three soil depths on salt marsh sites at Morecambe Bay and Essex

H. Ford, A. Garbutt & M. Skov
The dataset comprises the field soil moisture content expressed as a percentage at three depth zones, (0 - 10 centimetre (cm), 10 - 20 cm and 20 - 30 cm), measured from bulk density soil samples taken within each 1 metre x 1 metre quadrat. Sampling was conducted at six salt marsh sites at four spatial scales: 1 metre (m) (the minimal sampling unit) nested within a hierarchy of increasing scales of 1-10 m, 10-100...

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) net primary productivity (NPP) on salt marsh sites at Morecambe Bay and Essex

H. Ford, A. Garbutt & M. Skov
The dataset comprises net primary productivity (NPP) measured as kilogrammes of dry above-ground vegetation per square metre per year. Sampling was conducted at six salt marsh sites at four spatial scales: 1 metre (m) (the minimal sampling unit) nested within a hierarchy of increasing scales of 1-10 m, 10-100 m and 100-1000 m. Three of the sites were in Morecambe Bay, North West England and three of the sites were in Essex, South East England....

Photosynthesis data for Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus and Empetrum nigrum at the Climoor field site in Clocaenog Forest (2001-2007)

S. Reinsch, A. Sowerby & B.A. Emmett
This dataset provides photosynthesis data for the plant species Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus and Empetrum nigrum. Photosynthesis response curves were measured for Calluna vulgaris and Vaccinium myrtillus only. Photosynthesis was measured at the climate change field site Climoor which is located in Clocaenog forest, North East Wales. Photosynthesis measurements have been carried out in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005 and 2007; photosynthesis light response curves and Net Carbon Dioxide (CO2) assimilation rate (A), versus calculated substomatal...

Flame retardants in the livers of the Eurasian otter collected from Scotland between 2013 and 2015 (PBMS)

L.A. Walker, C. Moeckel, M.G. Pereira, E.D. Potter, E.A. Chadwick & R.F. Shore
Data comprise concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) determined using Gas Chromatograph - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) in the liver tissue of a small sample of Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) that died in Scotland between 2013 and 2015. The otters analysed included adult and sub-adult males and females although there were insufficient sample numbers to test for differences among demographic groups. Otter liver tissue collected during post mortem by Cardiff University Otter Project (from otters found...

Vegetation survey of Moor House National Nature Reserve 2008-2009

R.J. Rose, C.M. Wood, C.L. Baxendale, M.G. Whitfield, N.J. Ostle, B. Driscoll, A. Looker & G. Looker
The dataset comprises of plant species recorded from plots located within the Moor House National Nature Reserve, with associated plot information such as slope and aspect, also peat depth. The sampling strategy was based on a grid, using 2 x 2 metre square plots. The majority of the plots were recorded in the summers of 2008 and 2009 by surveyors employed by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology.

Headwater stream macrophyte data 2007 [Countryside Survey]

M. Dunbar, J. Murphy, R. Clarke, C. Davies & P. Scarlett
This dataset consists of macrophyte species records, sampled from headwater streams during a survey in 2007. Stream macrophytes in Countryside Survey are surveyed using the standard MTR (Mean Trophic Rank) protocol, which records the presence and extent (on a categorical scale) of macrophytes in a 100m reach. Data were collected under the Countryside Survey long term monitoring project managed by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit'...

The Isle of May long-term study (IMLOTS) seabird annual breeding success 1982-2016

M. Newell, M.P. Harris, S. Wanless, S. Burthe, M. Bogdanova, C.M. Gunn & F. Daunt
This dataset contains calculated breeding success rates for six seabird species from representative colonies on the Isle of May, off the East coast of Scotland. Annual breeding success has been measured as the number of chicks fledged per active nest for the Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica, since 1982), common guillemot (Uria aalge, since 1982), razorbill (Alca torda, since 1982), European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis, since 1987), black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla, since 1987) and northern fulmar (Fulmarus...

Headwater stream invertebrate data 1998 [Countryside Survey]

M.T. Furse, J. Davy-Bowker, F.H. Dawson, R.J.M. Gunn, J.H. Blackburn, I.M. Gunn, J.M. Winder, P.M. Scarlett, M. Gravelle, N. Kneebone, I. Nesbitt, M Amarillo, C. Brereton, C. Cannan, G. Collett, D. Collier, G. Cooper, M. Dent, C.M. Fairfax, D. Hardie, P. Henville, C. Hilton, B. James, C. Moorhouse, Z. Randle … & J.W. Watkins
This dataset consists of invertebrate species records, sampled from headwater streams during a survey in 1998. Macro-invertebrates were sampled using standard protocols. The sample area in each stream was a single area of stream-bed whose major habitat types can be sampled within the recommended sampling period of three minutes of active sampling, supplemented by a one minute hand search. The length of river surveyed would normally vary from 5 to 15m. Samples were collected using...

Landscape point feature data 2007 [Countryside Survey]

M.J. Brown, R.G.H. Bunce, P.D. Carey, P.M. Chamberlain, K. Chandler, A. Crowe, L.C. Maskell, , R.J. Scott, W.A. Scott, S.M. Smart, R.C. Stuart, C.M. Wood & S.M. Wright
This dataset consists of landscape point feature information for points across Great Britain, surveyed in 2007. Data are presented as rows of information recorded as point features (for example individual trees, water bodies or structures), with associated species where relevant, within a set of 591 1km squares across Great Britain, surveyed during the Countryside Survey long term monitoring project (note: not all surveyed squares contained point features). The Countryside Survey is a unique study or...

Organochlorine insecticides and mercury in predatory bird livers (PBMS)

L.A. Walker, E.D. Potter, R.F. Shore, J.S. Chaplow & M.G. Pereira
Data comprise concentrations of organochlorine insecticides and mercury in sparrowhawk, kestrel and heron livers taken during post mortem from deceased birds of prey sent into the Predatory Bird Monitoring Scheme (PBMS) by the public. The data are presented as micrograms of contaminant per gram of liver tissue (wet weight). The PBMS is a long-term, national monitoring scheme that quantifies the concentrations of contaminants in the livers and eggs of selected species of predatory and fish-eating...

Soil physico-chemical properties 1998 [Countryside Survey]

H.I.J. Black, J.S. Chaplow, G. Ainsworth, P.A. Coward, R. Creamer, S. Ellwood, J. Horne, M. Hornung, V.H. Kennedy, L. Raine, D. Osborn, N.R. Parekh, J. Parrington, J.M. Poskitt, E. Potter, N. Reeves, A.P. Rowland, P. Self, S. Turner, J.W. Watkins, C.M. Wood, C. Woods & J. Wright
This dataset consists of soil physico-chemical properties (pH, loss on ignition, carbon stock and concentration, total nitrogen, Olsen phosphorus) from soils sampled across Great Britain in 1998. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Surveys have been carried out in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998 and...

Family lineage and landscape quality data for wild bumblebee colonies across an agricultural landscape in Buckinghamshire, U.K.

C. Carvell, A.F.G. Bourke, S. Dreier, S.N. Freeman, S. Hulmes, W.C. Jordan, J.W. Redhead, J. Wang, S. Sumner & M.S. Heard
Family lineage relationships between spring queens, daughter workers and sister queens of three bumblebee species (Bombus terrestris, B. lapidarius and B. pascuorum) collected across the Hillesden Estate, Buckinghamshire, UK, between spring 2011 and spring 2012. A combination of land-use and habitat surveys, molecular genetics and spatial modelling was used to estimate the locations of wild colonies represented by greater than 1 worker and to calculate the proportions of cover represented by different habitat quality and...

Growing season methane and nitrous oxide static chamber fluxes from Sodankylä region, Northern Finland

K.J. Dinsmore, J. Drewer, P.E. Levy, C. George, A. Lohila, M. Aurela, F. Leith, M. Anderson & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains calculated terrestrial fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide using static chambers from the Sodankylä region of Northern Finland across both forest and wetland ecosystems. Measurements were carried out during growing season 2012 in two measurement campaigns (Summer: 12th July - 2nd August; Autumn: 22nd September - 14th October) using 60 static chambers (21 within the forest and 39 within the wetland). Fluxes were measured on approximately 2 day intervals resulting in a...

Soil hydraulic property data from the Climoor fieldsite in the Clocaenog Forest (2010-2012)

D.A. Robinson, I. Lebron, A.R. Smith, M.R. Marshall, B.A. Emmett, S. Reinsch, D.M. Cooper & M.R. Brooks
This dataset contains soil hydraulic measurement data from the Climoor field site in the Clocaenog forest, in North Wales. The collection contains five data sets. 1) soil bulk density (0-5 centimetre) and saturated water content. 2) Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity measured in the field at tensions of -2 and -6 centimetre using a mini disk infiltrometer. 3) Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity measured using a HYPROP (registered trademark) instrument, an instrument which determines the hydraulic properties of soil...

Sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) data for the UK (2011-2013)

R.I. Smith, A.J. Dore, Y.S. Tang & J.R. Stedman
These datasets provide Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 5x5 kilometre (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2011 to 2013. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are...

Atmospheric gas and vegetation survey data from Parsonage Down, UK, in 2014

E.L. Fry, A.L. Hall, J. Savage, R.D. Bardgett, N. Ostle, R.F. Pywell, J.M. Bullock & S. Oakley
This dataset contains greenhouse gas flux data and vegetation survey data from an experiment based at Parsonage Down, UK. The vegetation survey comprises total species percentage cover and species richness data from four 50 cm by 50 cm quadrats. The greenhouse gas flux data comprises net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange, photosynthesis and respiration data measured with an Infra-red Gas Analyser (IRGA); methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide data measured using gas chromatography; and nitrate and...

Climate hydrology and ecology research support system meteorology dataset for Great Britain (1961-2015) [CHESS-met] v1.2

E.L. Robinson, E. Blyth, D.B. Clark, E. Comyn-Platt, J. Finch & A.C. Rudd
1km resolution gridded meteorological variables over Great Britain for the years 1961-2015. This dataset contains time series of daily mean values of air temperature (K), specific humidity (kg kg-1), wind speed (m s-1), downward longwave radiation (W m-2), downward shortwave radiation (W m-2), precipitation (kg m-2 s-2) and air pressure (Pa), plus daily temperature range (K). These are the variables required to run the JULES land surface model [1] with daily disaggregation. The precipitation data...

Plynlimon research catchment hydrochemistry (2011-2016)

D.A. Norris, R. Harvey, J.M. Winterbourn, S. Hughes, I. Lebron, S.A. Thacker, A.J. Lawlor, H.T. Carter, M. Patel, P.O. Keenan, M.G. Pereira, B.J. Cosby, B. Reynolds, S.J. Grant, I. Pomeroy, C. Hinton, K. Spinney, T.D. Peters & B. Callahan
This dataset includes rainfall, cloud and stream hydrochemistry of the Plynlimon research catchments in Mid Wales. The data cover the period from June 2011 to March 2016. Sampling was weekly from June 2011 to December 2011 and then fortnightly from January 2012. Data for the whole period are presented for major anions and cations, pH, conductivity, alkalinity and in-situ measurements such as water temperature and stream flow. From June 2011 to March 2013 data are...

Conwy stream and estuary water quality data (2013-2016) [Turf2Surf]

D.M. Cooper, M.R. Marshall, S.K. Malham, J.L. Williamson, K. Spinney, J.B. Winterbourn, T.D. Peters, E.R. Howlett, P. Rajko-Nenow, M.G. Pereira, A.J. Lawler, P.O. Keenan, S.A. Thacker, S. Hughes & I. Lebron
The data comprise water quality measurements taken from streams and rivers in the Conwy catchment and its estuary from March 2013 to October 2016. Depending on water type and sampling location the data consist of concentrations of major cations and anions, pH, conductivity, alkalinity, suspended material and coliforms. Samples were collected manually or by automatic sampler. Analysis was carried out at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) Bangor, CEH Lancaster and Bangor University laboratories....

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