828 Works

Phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen concentrations in UK soil mineral fractions, 2013-2014

J. Adams, E. Tipping, S.A. Thacker & J.N. Quinton
This dataset includes soil mass, organic phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen concentrations for light and heavy fractions, obtained from soils collected from UK habitats. The dataset includes 20 soils, collected from the Ribble, Avon and Conwy catchments in the North West, South and North Wales respectively. Samples were split into light and heavy fractions using a physicochemical fractionation method. The dataset also includes recoveries of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus as a measure of the efficacy of...

Model estimates of topsoil pH and bulk density [Countryside Survey]

P.A. Henrys, A.M. Keith, D.A. Robinson & B.A. Emmett
Countryside Survey topsoil pH and bulk density (g cm-3) data is representative of 0 - 15 cm soil depth. Topsoil pH was measured using 10g of field moist soil with 25ml de-ionised water giving a ratio of soil to water of 1:2.5 by weight; bulk density was estimated by making detailed weight measurements throughout the soil processing procedure. For topsoil pH and bulk density data, a total of 2614 cores from 591 1km x 1km...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2013

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

Activity data from common guillemots from the Isle of May during the 2005-2006 annual cycle

R.E. Dunn, F. Daunt, S. Wanless, M.P. Harris & J.A. Green
This dataset contains activity data from 13 common guillemots (Uria aalge) from the Isle of May during the 2005-2006 annual cycle. These biologging data were collected using global location sensing (GLS) time depth recorder (TDR) devices. From these data we derived daily data on guillemot activity budgets, sea surface temperature values, energy expenditure, location fixes and the proportion of dive activity that occurred during day, twilight and night. Data on colony attendance were also collected...

Eddy Covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water flux at an intensively cultivated lowland deep peat soil, East Anglia, UK, 2012 to 2020

A.M.J. Cumming, T.R. Newman, S.J. Benson, H. Balzter, C. Evans, D. Jones, J. Kaduk, R.D. Morrison & S.E. Page
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) for a managed lowland deep peat soil in the East Anglian Fens, England, UK. The site is managed for the production of horticultural salad crops. Measurements were made between the 22nd June 2012 and 1st January 2020 during which lettuce, leek, celery, sugar beet and potatoes crops were grown...

Mimetic host shifts in a social parasite of ants: Analytical data of surface semio-chemicals on Maculinea rebeli larvae

K. Schönrogge, J.A. Thomas, G. W. Elmes, M. Sielezniew, A. Stankiewicz-Fiedurek, D. Simcox & J. Settele
This dataset is part of the study of mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants, which is a joint study of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and the University of Oxford. It contains the relative abundance data of cuticular hydrocarbons extracted from worker ants of Myrmica sabuleti and M. schencki, and from caterpillars of Maculinea rebeli from two populations at the pre-adoption stage and after being reared by the two ant...

Continuous measurements of rainfall (2002-2007) [LOCAR]

D. Leach, P. Henville, R. Wyatt, E. Hewitt, I. Morrissey, J. Weller, C. I. Tindall & N. Bachiller-Jareno
Continuous measurements of rainfall from the Frome Piddle; Pang Lambourn and Tern catchments, recorded between 2002 and 2007. Continuous recording rain gauges were installed at six sites in these catchments to record 15 minute rainfall data for differing periods at the varying sites. The instruments were installed as part of the NERC funded Lowland Catchment Research (LOCAR) Programme to provide comparable baseline rainfall data across the LOCAR catchments.

Ensemble outputs from Ecosystem Service models for water supply, aboveground carbon storage and use of water, grazing, charcoal and firewood by beneficiaries in sub-Saharan Africa

D.A.P. Hooftman, S. Willcock, F. Eigenbrod & J.M. Bullock
This dataset contains the gridded estimates per 1 km2 for mean and median ensemble outputs from 4-6 individual ecosystem service models for Sub-Saharan Africa, for above ground Carbon stock, firewood use, charcoal use and grazing use. Water use and supply are identically supplied as polygons. Individual model outputs are taken from previously published research. Making ensembles results in a smoothing effect whereby the individual model uncertainties are cancelled out and a signal of interest is...

Land Cover Map 1990 (25m raster, N. Ireland)

C.S. Rowland, C.G. Marston, R.D. Morton & A.W. O’Neil
This dataset consists of the 25m raster version of the Land Cover Map 1990 (LCM1990) for Northern Ireland. The 25m raster product consists of three bands: Band 1 - raster representation of the majority (dominant) class per polygon for 21 target classes; Band 2 - mean per polygon probability as reported by the Random Forest classifier (see supporting information); Band 3 - purity - percentage of the polygon covered by the majority class. The 21...

Pollinator effectiveness in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in relation to behavioural and morphological characteristics

R.F. Shaw, B.B. Phillips, A. Williams, J.M. Bullock & J.L. Osborne
The number of pollen grains delivered to stigmas in a single visit by flower visitors (from insect orders Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera) to oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in southern England. Behavioural and morphological data were also recorded for a subset of visits to understand common traits which led to improved pollen delivery. These data were collected as part of Wessex BESS project, funded by the NERC Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability research program. This...

Land Cover Map 2017 (25m rasterised land parcels, N. Ireland)

R.D. Morton, C.G. Marston, A.W. O’Neil & C.S. Rowland
This is the 25m rasterised land parcels dataset for the UKCEH Land Cover Map of 2017 (LCM2017) representing Northern Ireland. It describes Northern Ireland's land cover in 2017 using UKCEH Land Cover Classes, which are based on UK Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. This dataset was derived by rasterising the corresponding LCM2017 land parcels dataset into 25m pixels. It is provided as a 3-band, 8-bit integer raster. The first band is the UKCEH Land Cover...

Land Cover Map 2017 (20m classified pixels, N. Ireland)

R.D. Morton, C.G. Marston, A.W. O'Neill & C.S. Rowland
This is the 20m classified pixels dataset for the UKCEH Land Cover Map of 2017 (LCM2017) representing Northern Ireland. It describes Northern Ireland's land cover in 2017 using UKCEH Land Cover Classes, which are based on UK Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. This dataset is the Random Forest classification result from classifying a 20m pixel raster containing multi-season spectral information combined with context layers, which help to resolve spectral confusion. It is provided as a...

Land Cover Change 1990-2015 (25m raster, GB)

C.S. Rowland, C.G. Marston, R.D. Morton & A.W. O’Neil
This dataset consists of the 25m raster, Land Cover Change 1990 -2015 product for Great Britain. The dataset is produced from the Land Cover Map (LCM) 25m raster versions of LCM1990 and LCM2015 and reports Land Cover Change between 1990 and 2015 in six simplified classes. The product consists of five bands: Band 1 – a raster version of LCM1990 in the six simplified classes; Band 2 – a raster version of LCM2015 in the...

Land Cover Change 1990-2015 (25m raster, N. Ireland)

C.S. Rowland, C.G. Marston, R.D. Morton & A.W. O’Neil
This dataset consists of the 25m raster, Land Cover Change 1990 - 2015 product for Northern Ireland. The dataset is produced from the Land Cover Map (LCM) 25m raster versions of LCM1990 and LCM2015 and reports Land Cover Change between 1990 and 2015 in six simplified classes. The product consists of five bands: Band 1 – a raster version of LCM1990 in the six simplified classes; Band 2 – a raster version of LCM2015 in...

Temperature and copper effects on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

N. Cedergreen, N.J. Nørhave, C. Svendsen & D.J. Spurgeon
Data comprise body length (micrometres) of nematode (Caenorhabditis elegans) offspring from a laboratory study in which animals were exposed to control (0 copper) or copper dosed agar at different average temperatures (8 to 24 °C)) and under fluctuation conditions of low (plus or minus 4 °C) and high (plus or minus 8 °C) amplitude (average temperatures of 12, 16, 20 °C and 16 °C respectively)

Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) of critical loads of acidity and nutrient nitrogen by acid and nitrogen deposition for 2013-15

J. Hall
This data resource consists of two files: (a) 1x1 km resolution Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) data summarising the exceedances of acidity critical loads for eight habitats; (b) 1x1 km resolution AAE data summarising the exceedances of nutrient nitrogen critical loads for thirteen habitats. The data provide information on the amount of excess acid or nitrogen deposition above the critical load values set to protect acid- and nitrogen-sensitive habitats in the UK. The AAE has been...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: species trends 2014 version 2

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
This dataset provides linear trends, over varying time periods, for the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS) Collated Indices of individual butterfly species across the UK. The main statistical values derived from a linear regression (slope, standard error, P-value) are presented for the entire time series for each species (1976 to 2014), for the last 20 years, and for the last decade. In addition a trend class, based on slope direction and its significance, and a...

Pollination of tomatoes by the bees Bombus terrestris and Lasioglossum spp.

B. Woodcock & R.F. Pywell
This dataset describes an experimental test of potential over yielding effects on fruit set and average fruit size for tomato plants grown in the presence of three pollinator combinations: (1) the bumblebee Bombus terrestris (2) Lasioglossum spp. and (3) and additive combination of B. terrestris and Lasioglossum spp. The experimental design includes no pollinator controls nested within individual tomato plants exposed to the above pollinator species treatment combinations. This research was undertaken in 2017 and...

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) soil pH on salt marsh sites at Morecambe Bay and Essex

H. Ford, A. Garbutt & M. Skov
The dataset comprises the pH of a 10 gram soil sample from the top 5 centimetre of soil taken within each 1metre (m) x 1m quadrat. Sampling was conducted at six salt marsh sites at four spatial scales: 1 m (the minimal sampling unit) nested within a hierarchy of increasing scales of 1-10 m, 10-100 m and 100-1000 m. Three of the sites were in Morecambe Bay, North West England and three of the sites...

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) spider and beetle abundance on salt marsh sites at Morecambe Bay and Essex

H. Ford, A. Garbutt & M. Skov
The dataset comprises the spider and beetle abundance sampled by suction sampling in each 1metre (m) x 1m quadrat. Sampling was conducted at six salt marsh sites at four spatial scales: 1 m (the minimal sampling unit) nested within a hierarchy of increasing scales of 1-10 m, 10-100 m and 100-1000 m. Three of the sites were in Morecambe Bay, North West England and three of the sites were in Essex, South East England. All...

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) soil bulk density from three soil depths on salt marsh sites at Morecambe Bay and Essex

H. Ford, A. Garbutt & M. Skov
The dataset comprises the bulk density taken from bulk density rings (3.1 centimetre (cm) height, 7.5 cm diameter) within each 1metre (m) x 1m quadrat. Samples were taken vertically at three depths within each quadrat to roughly quantify the following zones: 0 -10 cm, 10 - 20 cm and 20 - 30 cm. Sampling was conducted at six salt marsh sites at four spatial scales: 1 m (the minimal sampling unit) nested within a hierarchy...

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) soil organic matter content from three soil depths on saltmarsh sites at Morecambe Bay and Essex

H. Ford, A. Garbutt & M. Skov
The dataset comprises the field soil organic matter content as a percentage at three depth zones (roughly 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm), measured from bulk density soil samples taken within each 1metre x 1metre quadrat. Prior to measurement of bulk density all soil samples were dried at 105°C for 72 hours. A sub-sample was then taken and dried at 375°C for 16 hours to determine the percentage organic matter of dry soil. Sampling...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2014

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

Habitat, vegetation, tree and soil data from Native Pinewoods in Scotland, 1971

R.G.H. Bunce, M.W. Shaw & C.M. Wood
A set of data arising from a detailed ecological survey of the native Scots Pine woodland habitats within Scotland. In all, 27 woods from throughout Scotland were identified as the major remaining native pinewoods, and within each wood 16 randomly selected 200m2 plots were surveyed (26 of the woods were surveyed in 1971, with 1 extra wood surveyed in 1972). Details about the trees, ground flora, soil, habitat types as well as general plot information...

Static chamber measurements of nitrous oxide flux from Sourhope field experiment site, Scotland, 2000-2001 [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

C.A. Davies & U. Skiba
The dataset comprises nitrous oxide (N2O) flux data, collected from static chambers as part of a study to determine how land management affected nitrogen cycling by nitrifiers and denitrifiers in an upland agricultural grassland soil and to determine the effects of changing environmental conditions on nitric and nitrous oxide production and emission as a result of land management. Data were collected during a project funded under the NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme, established in 1999 and...

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