80 Works

Impacts of experimental drought and plant trait diversity on floral resources and pollinator visitation

B.B. Phillips, R.F. Shaw, M. Holland, E.L. Fry, R.D. Bardgett, J.M. Bullock & J.L. Osborne
The floral resources provided to pollinators by different sown plant experimental plant communities were assessed under ambient and experimental drought conditions. The dataset includes the abundance and diversity of floral resources in all plant communities and more detailed information on the nectar quality and quantity provided by three focal plant species. Pollinator visit surveys were carried out on selected plots. These data can be linked to the related 'Ecosystem functions and vegetation data for Winklebury...

Water discharge data for Trout Beck, Cumbria 1961-1980

S. Rennie
This dataset contains daily water discharge data from Trout Beck in the Moor House-Upper Teesdale National Nature Reserve in the northern Pennines, Cumbria, UK. Data were automatically recorded at a gauging station located on a weir on the Trout Beck and collated by a variety of staff at the Moor House Research Station on behalf of the Wear and Tees River Board and the National Rivers Authority.

Tree, vegetation and soil information from an ecological survey of semi-natural woodlands in the English Lake District, 1969

R.G.H Bunce, A.H.F. Brown, M.W. Shaw, E.J. White, A. Gardiner, J.E.A. Procter, J.S. Birkett, J. McAllister, C. Smith, J. Parrington, J. Wrigley & C.M. Wood
The data contains details about plant species, trees, shrubs and soils, collected using standardized survey methods from within a selection of 48 semi-natural woodlands in the English Lake District. Nearly 300 plots were surveyed from sites across the north west of England, selected objectively from different woodland group types identified in the Lake District. The survey was carried out by the Nature Conservancy in 1969.

Time series of microbial carbon release from soil as carbon dioxide under different nitrogen and phosphorus treatments with a high glucose concentration added as a carbon source in the Conwy catchment, North Wales, UK (2016)

H.C. Glanville, L.L. De Sosa, M.R. Marshall, D.M. Cooper & D.L. Jones
Time series data of carbon release in disintegrations per minute are presented for different nitrogen and phosphorus treatments with a high glucose concentration substrate added as a carbon source to soil samples from six depths (0-15, 15-30, 50-100, 100-150, 150-200 and 250-300 centimetres). Soil cores were collected from a field experiment in the Conwy catchment in July 2016 and returned the laboratories of the School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University. A high...

Turbulent fluxes of sensible heat and momentum at an ancient deciduous broadleaved forest in southern England

R. Morrison & J.G. Evans
The dataset contains time series observations of turbulent surface-atmosphere exchanges of sensible heat (H) and momentum (τ) measured at an area of ancient broadleaved deciduous forest in Oxfordshire, UK (Wytham Woods). Turbulent flux densities were monitored from the top of a forest tower using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 2014-06-13 13:00 and 2016-01-04 22:00. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality...

Data from: Biodiversity in species, traits and structure determines carbon stocks and uptake in tropical forests

Masha T. Van Der Sande, Lourens Poorter, Lammert Kooistra, Patricia Balvanera, Kirsten Thonicke, Jill Thompson, Eric J. M. M. Arets, Nashieli Garcia Alaniz, Laurence Jones, Francisco Mora, Tuyeni H. Mwampamba, Terry Parr, Marielos Peña-Claros & Nashieli Garcia Alaniz
Impacts of climate change require that society urgently develops ways to reduce amounts of carbon in the atmosphere. Tropical forests present an important opportunity, as they take up and store large amounts of carbon. It is often suggested that forests with high biodiversity have large stocks and high rates of carbon uptake. Evidence is, however, scattered across geographic areas and scales, and it remains unclear whether biodiversity is just a co‐benefit or also a requirement...

Simulated monthly biological indicators for England and Wales 1964-2012

C.L.R. Laize, L.J. Barker & F.K. Edwards
Monthly time series of simulated de-trended/de-seasonalised biological indicators at 86 bio-monitoring sites in England and Wales based on the modelled response of these indicators to discharge (represented by a standardised streamflow index, SSI) at 76 paired gauging stations. The biological indicators include: (i) Average Score per Taxon (ASPT) (ii) Lotic-invertebrate Index for Flow Evaluation (LIFE) calculated at family-level (LIFE Family) (iii) LIFE calculated at species-level (LIFE Species). The simulation spans the period 1964-2012.

Sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) data for the UK (2013-2015)

R.I. Smith, A.J. Dore, Y.S. Tang & J.R. Stedman
These datasets provide Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 5x5 kilometre (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2013 to 2015. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are...

Plant-pollinator interactions database for construction of potential networks

J.W. Redhead, C.F. Coombes, H.J. Dean, R. Dyer, T.H. Oliver, M.J.O. Pocock, S.L. Rorke, A.J. Vanbergen, B.A. Woodcock & R.F. Pywell
Plant-pollinator interactions database derived from biological recording data, unpublished experimental data and published interactions in books and papers. The database covers all recorded interactions for bees, hoverflies and butterflies in mainland GB. Interactions were inferred from biological recording metadata by algorithmically screening for text matching a valid scientific or vernacular plant name (or a widely used synonym or abbreviation of either), followed by manual data cleaning. These data were compiled for the construction of multiple...

Bird Vocalisation Activity (BiVA) database: annotated soundscapes from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone

P. Kendrick, L. Barçante, N.A. Beresford, S. Gashchak & M.D. Wood
Data comprise audio files captured using a Wildlife Acoustics SM3 Songmeter located on an overgrown unpaved road close to several abandoned houses with deciduous trees (including fruit trees in former gardens) in the abandoned village of Buryakovka in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, Ukraine. A single continuous recording of twelve hours of audio from midday until midnight on the 25th June 2015 was manually annotated by an expert (using Raven Pro interactive sound analysis software). The...

Data from: Bacterial communities associated with honeybee food stores are correlated with land use

Philip Donkersley, Glenn Rhodes, Roger W. Pickup, Kevin C. Jones & Kenneth Wilson
Microbial communities, associated with almost all metazoans, can be inherited from the environment. Although the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) gut microbiome is well documented, studies of the gut focus on just a small component of the bee microbiome. Other key areas such as the comb, propolis, honey, and stored pollen (bee bread) are poorly understood. Furthermore, little is known about the relationship between the pollinator microbiome and its environment. Here we present a study of...

Historic reconstructions of daily river flow for 303 UK catchments (1891-2015)

K.A. Smith, M. Tanguy, J. Hannaford & C. Prudhomme
This dataset is model output from the GR4J lumped catchment hydrology model. It provides 500 model realisations of daily river flow, in cubic metres per second (cumecs, m3/s), for 303 UK catchments for the period between 1891-2015. The modelled catchments are part of the National River Flow Archive (NRFA) (https://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/) and provide good spatial coverage across the UK. These flow reconstructions were produced as part of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) funded Historic Droughts and...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of monthly mean flow and soil moisture for Great Britain: weather@home2 (climate model) driving data [MaRIUS-G2G-WAH2-monthly]

V.A. Bell, A.C. Rudd, A.L. Kay & H.N. Davies
This dataset is a model output, from the Grid-to-Grid hydrological model driven by weather@home2 climate model data. It provides a 100-member ensemble of monthly mean flow (m3/s) and soil moisture (mm water/m soil) on a 1 km grid for the following time periods: historical baseline (HISTBS: 1900-2006), near-future (NF: 2020-2049) and far-future (FF: 2070-2099). It also includes a baseline period (BS: 1975-2004). To aid interpretation, two additional spatial datasets are provided: - Digitally-derived catchment areas...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of daily mean river flow for gauged catchments in Great Britain (1960 to 2015): observed driving data [MaRIUS-G2G-MORECS-daily]

V.A. Bell, A.C. Rudd, A.L. Kay & H.N. Davies
This dataset is a model output, from the Grid-to-Grid hydrological model driven by observed climate data (CEH-GEAR rainfall and MORECS potential evaporation). It provides daily mean river flow (m3/s) for 260 catchments, for the period 1960 to 2015. The catchments correspond to locations of NRFA gauging stations (http://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/). The data were produced as part of MaRIUS (Managing the Risks, Impacts and Uncertainties of drought and water Scarcity), which was a UK NERC-funded research project (2014-2017)...

Data from: The diversity of population responses to environmental change

Fernando Colchero, Owen R. Jones, Dalia A. Conde, Dave Hodgson, Felix Zajitschek, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Aurelio F. Malo, Susan C. Alberts, Peter H. Becker, Sandra Bouwhuis, Anne M. Bronikowski, Kristel M. De Vleeschouwer, Richard J. Delahay, Stefan Dummermuth, Eduardo Fernández-Duque, John Frisenvænge, Martin Hesselsøe, Sam Larson, Jean-Francois Lemaitre, Jennifer McDonald, David A.W. Miller, Colin O'Donnell, Craig Packer, Becky E. Raboy, Christopher J. Reading … & Chris J. Reading
The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever-greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well-advanced theory of age-structured populations, two key issues remain poorly-explored. Specifically, how the age-dependency in demographic rates and the year-to-year interactions between survival and fecundity affect stochastic population growth rates. We use inference, simulations, and mathematical derivations to explore how environmental perturbations determine population growth rates for populations with different age-specific demographic rates and...

Ammonia measurements from passive samplers at Ballynahone Bog field site (2014-2017)

S. Tang, A. Stephens & A. Crory
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements from a set of ALPHA (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) sampler sites at Ballynahone National Nature Reserve, a designated Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI), Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Ramsar (wetland of international importance designated under the Ramsar Convention) site in Northern Ireland. The park is an ammonia sensitive peatland ecosystem managed locally by Ulster Wildlife Trust (UWT). The data were originally collected due to concern...

Elemental and radionuclide concentrations for several vegetation species from a site in Extremadura, Spain

C.L. Barnett, C. Wells, S. Thacker, A.J. Lawlor, J.M. Corrales Vázquez, M.D. Wood & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise elemental and radionuclide concentrations in freeze-dried Mediterranean plants, seeds and oven dried soil. The samples were collected in June 2014 along a transect located in the Monfragüe National Park which is within the province of Cáceres, western Spain (start: N 33° 49' 47.2'', W 006° 01' 55.4'', end: N 390 49'46.8'', W 0060 02' 05.1'' (geocentric World Geodetic System 1984 (GPS WG 884)). Thirty plant species (Agrostis pourretii; Campanula rapunculus; Taraxacum sp.; Taraxacum...

Substrate utilisation profiles for saprotrophic fungi and moisture content data from soil sampled in an upland grassland experiment at Sourhope, Scotland, 2001 [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

L.J. Deacon, E.J. Pryce-Miller, J.C. Frankland, B.W. Bainbridge, P.D. Moore, C.H. Robinson & N. Parekh
This set of data comprises substrate utilisation profiles for saprotrophic fungi (using the commercially available BIOLOG plate method) and moisture content data from soils sampled from experimental plots at Sourhope, Scotland. The data were collected in order to determine how the high species richness of decomposer (saprotrophic) fungi and their relative frequencies of occurrence influence the decomposition of organic matter. Data were collected during a project funded under the NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme, established in...

Data from: Vigilance and the functional response of granivorous foragers

David J. Baker, Richard A. Stillman, Barbara M. Smith, James M. Bullock & Ken J. Norris
1. Functional response models that predict the relationship between feeding rate and food density often include only two behavioural parameters, handling time and searching rate. However, vigilance can occupy a large proportion of foraging time and, consequently, may affect the functional response. Previous functional response models of granivorous birds showed no effect of vigilance on predicted feeding rates; these models assumed that all of handling time is compatible with vigilance and, therefore, overestimated the potential...

Grass productivity data from a field site in the Conwy Valley (2016)

L.L. De Sosa, H.C. Glanville, M.R. Marshall, D.M. Cooper & D. Jones
Data are presented showing grass productivity as grammes per 100 square centimetres under four different nutrient treatments (water, nitrogen, phosphorus and nitrogen & phosphorus combined). An experimental hillslope in the Conwy catchment was selected in August 2016. Three transects, were identified across the hillslope. Along each transect, a 1 x 1 square metre quadrat was used to delineate randomly selected sampling areas. Within each quadrat 5 individual 10 x 10 x 10 centimetre (cm) swards...

UK Checklist of freshwater species

I.D.M. Gunn, L. Carvalho, C.E. Davies, F.K. Edwards, M.T. Furse, P.S. Maitland, C. Raper, G.M. Siriwardena & I.J. Winfield
The UK Checklist of Freshwater Species is a collation of all the species (apart from algae) known to be found in association with fresh waters in the United Kingdom. The following eight major groups were identified as being associated with fresh waters in the UK: algae, amphibians, birds, fish, invertebrates, macrophytes, mammals and reptiles. Algae (except stoneworts) were not included in the UK Checklist of Freshwater Species as they are currently undergoing a major revision....

Data from: Seven decades of mountain hare counts show severe declines where high‐yield recreational game bird hunting is practised

Adam Watson & Jeremy D. Wilson
Recreational hunting is widespread and can benefit nature conservation when well‐practised, monitored, and regulated. Management for recreational red grouse Lagopus lagopus scotica shooting on upland heathland in the UK causes conservation conflict because the intensive habitat, predator, and disease management needed to maintain high‐grouse densities for “driven” shooting has detrimental environmental impacts, notably for raptor populations. Sustainable management of mountain hares Lepus timidus scoticus, a game species in the same landscapes, poses a challenge. Control...

Oribatid mites 1998 [Countryside Survey]

A.M. Keith, F.D. Monson, J.S. Chaplow, H.I.J. Black, P. Self, A. Rollett & C.M. Wood
This dataset consists of oribatid mite species records (a component of the soil mesofauna), extracted from soils sampled across Great Britain in 1998, as part of the Countryside Survey monitoring programme. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Surveys have been carried out in 1978,...

Soil bacterial cell counts and moisture content from a water stress experiment [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

R.I. Griffiths, A.S. Whiteley, A.G. O'Donnell, M.J. Bailey, D. Mayoux & G. Burt-Smith
These data comprise culturable cell counts in different media from soil microbial analysis within a microcosm experiment investigating moisture perturbations on microbes, set up at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Oxford. The experiment used soil turves from outside the main experimental plots at Sourhope, Scotland, collected in July 2001. Soil moisture data are also included. Data were collected as part of the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, established in 1999 and centred upon the...

Climatic data (Meteorological Office recordings) from four sites along an altitudinal gradient in Cumbria 1952 - 1990

S. Rennie, I. Findlay & A. Millar
Climatic data from four sites (Newton Rigg, Widdybank Fell, Moor House and Great Dun Fell) along an altitudinal gradient in Cumbria 1952-1990. Standard Meteorological Office procedures were used.

Registration Year

  • 2018

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • Bangor University
  • University of Exeter
  • Lancaster University
  • Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust
  • Newcastle University
  • University of Manchester
  • Joint Nature Conservation Committee
  • University of Reading