72 Works

Nitrous oxide fluxes and associated soil measurements from a mixed livestock farm in central Scotland (2012-2013)

N.J. Cowan, P.E. Levy & U.M. Skiba
This data set includes over 500 individual flux measurements of nitrous oxide (N2O) from a mixed livestock farm, carried out in 2012 and 2013 using a high-precision flux chamber method. Measurements of soil properties are also reported for each individual flux measurement. Soil pH, temperature moisture content, bulk density and ammonia and nitrate concentrations (extracted via the KCl method) are reported in the data. The data represents arable and grazed fields (cattle and sheep) as...

Secondary exposure to second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides in European polecats (Mustela putorius) in Great Britain 2013 to 2016

K.A. Sainsbury, R.A. McDonald, R.F. Shore, M.G. Pereira, D. Sleep, H. Schofield, E. Croose, A.C. Kitchener & G. Hantke
Data comprise measurements of carcass condition (age, sex, length, mass and fat score), age (from stable isotope analysis of whiskers and Cementum aging of teeth) and rodenticide concentrations (bromadiolone, difenacoum, brodifacoum, flocoumafen and difethialone) in liver tissues for 68 polecats found dead in Great Britain between 2013 and 2016. All carcasses were stored frozen until necropsy examination at the National Museum of Scotland (with support from The Negaunee Foundation). Liver samples were frozen and transferred...

River Tay, Scotland, water chemistry and greenhouse gas measurements 2009-2010

A.E. Pickard, U.M. Skiba, L. Carvalho, K.V. Heal, R.M. Rees & J.F. Harley
This dataset contains concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon, nutrients and concentrations of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4 and N2O from nine sites across the River Tay catchment. Water was sampled on a monthly basis between February 2009 and December 2010. The locations of sampling sites were based on existing flow gauging and water sampling sites of the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).

CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides 2012-2016 (England and Wales)

S.G. Jarvis, P.A. Henrys, J.W. Redhead, B.M. Da Silva Osório & R.F. Pywell
This data product maps pesticide applications across England and Wales. It is produced at a 1km resolution with units of kg active ingredient applied per year. Pesticide application rates (kg/km2/yr) are calculated for each of the crops grown in each 1km square, with the total application calculated by multiplying the estimated rates by the area of each crop in the square. The product provides application estimates for 129 different active ingredients including herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides...

Soil chemical and physical properties from inorganic fertiliser additions to grassland at North Wyke, Henfaes and Easter Bush, UK (2016)

S. Reinsch, A.M. Carswell, N.J. Cowan, I. Lebron, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, G. Barrett, H.T. Carter, D.R. Chadwick, J.M. Cotton, H.J. Guyatt, R. Harvey, A. Hunt, D.L. Jones, P.O. Keenan, A.J. Lawlor, M.R. Marshall, T.H. Misselbrook, M. Patel, M.G. Pereira, K.S. Saunders, R. Shaw, U.M. Skiba, B. Tanna, N. Thompson & B.A. Emmett
The data consist of soil physicochemical and biological data for three soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-60 cm) from a three-cut silage plot trial located at three grassland sites within the UK collected between April 2016 and October 2016. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon, Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales, and Easter Bush in Scotland. At each site measurements were taken from 16 plots, organised within a...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial Miscanthus x. giganteus plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2013 to 2017

R. Morrison, R. Rowe, H.C. Cooper & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a at a Miscanthus x. giganteus Greef et Deu (hereafter Miscanthus) plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 4 July 2013 and 25 November 2017. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as...

Farm scale evaluations of herbicide tolerant genetically modified crops - beet

R.J. Scott, P. Baker, D. Bell, S. Bennett, C. Birchall, C.W.H. Boffey, D.A. Bohan, D.R. Brooks, E.L. Browne, G.T. Champion, S.J. Clark, R.E. Daniels, A.J.G. Dewar, A.M. Dewar, C.M. Fairfax, L.G. Firbank, B.H. Garner, A.J. Haughton, C. Hawes, L.A. Haylock, M.S. Heard, M.O. Hill, S.L. Horne, S.E. Hulmes, N.S. Mason … & M.W. Young
This dataset consists of a range of ecological measurements collected from a set of arable fields, each sown with a combination of genetically modified and conventional beet crops. Measurements include species counts in the following areas: weed seedbank, vegetation in the crop, field edge vegetation, invertebrates. The data were collected as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs), a four-year programme of research by independent researchers aimed at studying the effect that the management practices...

Ammonia measurements from passive samplers at Fenn's, Whixall, Wem & Cadney Mosses SAC (2018)

S. Tang, A. Stephens, P.O. Keenan, T. Binoti & R. Duff
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements at three sites on Fenn’s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses SSSI on the border of Wrexham County Borough (North Wales) and Shropshire (West Midlands). The ammonia measurements are taken from a set of ALPHA (R) (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) samplers from July to December in the year 2018. The sites were established in order to monitor ammonia during implementation of Site Nitrogen Action Plan (SNAP), as...

Growing season terrestrial methane static chamber fluxes from Abisko, Northern Sweden (June - September 2013)

J. Drewer, S.R. Leeson & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains calculated terrestrial fluxes of methane using static chambers from Stordalen mire, a subarctic peatland (68°20’ N, 19°03’ E) located near Abisko, Northern Sweden . Measurements were carried out during growing season 2013 in three measurement campaigns: 16-27 June (number of sampling occasions, n, = 4), 11-22 August (n=5) and 16-29 September (n=5 for wetland and 4 for birch forest). A total of 60 static chambers were measured, 14 within the birch forest...

Simulated landscape metrics of configuration and Ecosystem Service provision across virtual landscapes, based within River Conwy

D. Masante & A.R.C. Thomas
These data are metrics of landscape configuration and modelled provision of Ecosystem services for a large number of virtual landscapes (c. 7500) superimposed on real topography. The landscapes are made up of patches of woodland interspersed across a grassland, and were generated with the landscapeR package in R. The topography used is from the Conwy catchment, split into 10 sections to enable comparison between topographies. Metrics were generated for each virtual landscape to quantify landscape...

Biological characteristics, liver metal concentrations, habitat biogeochemistry and habitat contamination sources of UK otters (2006-2017)

A.F. Brand, E.A. Chadwick & R.F. Shore
The dataset details the biological characteristics and concentrations of toxic metals/semi-metals in liver tissue from 278 Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) that died across England and Wales during the period 2006-2017. For each otter carcass, location (National Grid Reference) was recorded. These locations were used to collate data describing spatial variation in stream and soil biochemistry, weather, and potential anthropogenic sources of contaminants in the otter’s habitat from a range of sources. This data was collected...

Elemental concentrations (Ca, Cs, K, Mg, Sr) in a range of crops and associated soils from the UK and Spain

C.L. Barnett, C. Wells, N.A. Beresford, J. Guillén, F.M. Gómez Polo, S. Thacker, A.J. Lawlor & P.O. Keenan
Data comprise elemental concentrations of Ca, Cs, K, Mg, Sr, NH4-N and NPOC (Non-Purgeable Organic Carbon) measured by ICPMS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry), ICPOES (Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy) or high temperature combustion catalytic oxidation. Samples include a range of freeze-dried crops (grass, radish, potato, strawberry, lettuce, courgette, chard) relevant to the human food chain, soil, soil pore waters and irrigation water. All samples were obtained following two plant growth studies conducted at...

Catchment properties and the photosynthetic trait composition of freshwater plant communities

Lars Lønsmann Iversen, A. Winkel, L. Baastrup-Spohr, A. B. Hinke, J. Alahuhta, A. Baattrup-Pedersen, S. Birk, P. Brodersen, P. A. Chambers, F. Ecke, T. Feldmann, D. Gebler, J. Heino, T. S. Jespersen, S. J. Moe, T. Riis, L. Sass, O. Vestergaard, S. C. Maberly, K. Sand-Jensen & O. Pedersen
Unlike in land plants, photosynthesis in many aquatic plants relies on bicarbonate in addition to carbon dioxide (CO2) to compensate for the low diffusivity and potential depletion of CO2 in water. Concentrations of bicarbonate and CO2 vary greatly with catchment geology. In this study, we investigate whether there is a link between these concentrations and the frequency of freshwater plants possessing the bicarbonate use trait. We show, globally, that the frequency of plant species with...

Dive times and depths of auks (Atlantic puffin, common guillemot and razorbill) from the Isle of May outside the seabird breeding season

R.E. Dunn, S. Wanless, J.A. Green, M.P. Harris & F. Daunt
This dataset contains the dive times (dive start time and dive end time) and depths (maximum depth attained on a dive) of three species of auk from the Isle of May outside the seabird breeding season. Data were collected from 12 Atlantic puffin individuals (Fratercula arctica), 13 common guillemot (Uria aalge) and 13 razorbill (Alca torda). Atlantic puffin data were collected between 19th July 2008 to 3rd December 2008; common guillemot data from 20th July...

Annual estimates of occupancy for bryophytes, lichens and invertebrates in the UK (1970-2015)

C.L. Outhwaite, G.D. Powney, T.A. August, R.E. Chandler, S. Rorke, O. Pescott, M. Harvey, H.E. Roy, R. Fox, K. Walker, D.B. Roy, K. Alexander, S. Ball, T. Bantock, T. Barber, B.C. Beckmann, T. Cook, J. Flanagan, A. Fowles, P. Hammond, P. Harvey, D. Hepper, D. Hubble, J. Kramer, P. Lee … & N.J.B. Isaac
This dataset provides annual estimates of species occupancy and species trend estimates in the form of growth rates for 5,293 UK invertebrate, bryophyte and lichen species for the period 1970 to 2015. Estimates are provided at the country level for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland as well as for the UK and Great Britain (GB) where possible. These data were generated using observations of species collated by UK recording schemes and societies as the...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site indices data 2017

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
Site indices, as a relative measure of the actual population size, for UK butterfly species calculated from data from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Site indices are a relative rather than an absolute measure of the size of a population, and have been shown to relate closely to other, more intensive, measures of population size such as mark, release, recapture (MRR) methods. The site index can be thought of as a relative measure of...

Biodiversity responses to vegetation height and diversity in perennial meadow plantings in two urban areas in the UK

B.A. Norton, G.D. Bending, R. Clark, R. Corstanje, N. Dunnett, K.L. Evans, D.R. Grafius, E. Gravestock, S.M. Grice, J.A. Harris, S. Hilton, H. Hoyle, E. Lim, T.G. Mercer, M. Pawlett, O.L. Pescott, J.P. Richards, G.E. Southon & P.H. Warren
The data describe the ecological responses (invertebrate diversity and biomass, plant diversity, soil characteristics and microbial diversity) to experimental manipulation of floristic diversity and vegetation height in planted urban meadows. The experiment consisted of a replicated set of nine different perennial meadow treatments, sown in six public urban greenspaces in the towns of Bedford and Luton, in the UK.

Soil biological properties from an inorganic fertiliser (grass trial) experiment at North Wyke, Henfaes Farm and Easter Bush, UK (2016)

A. Blaud, M. Abadie, I.M. Clark, P.R. Hirsch, R.I. Griffiths, T.I. Goodall, A.M. Carswell, T.H. Misselbrook, R. Shaw, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, D.R. Chadwick, D.L. Jones, N.J. Cowan, U. Skiba & S. Reinsch
The data nitrogen gene data, soil biodiversity indices and microbial community composition, for three soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-60 cm) from a three-cut silage plot trial located at three grassland sites within the UK collected between April 2016 and October 2016. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon, Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales and Easter Bush in Scotland. At each site measurements were taken from 16 plots,...

Farm scale evaluations of herbicide tolerant genetically modified crops - winter oilseed rape

R.J. Scott, P. Baker, D. Bell, S. Bennett, C. Birchall, C.W.H. Boffey, D.A. Bohan, D.R. Brooks, E.L. Browne, G.T. Champion, S.J. Clark, R.E. Daniels, A.J.G. Dewar, A.M. Dewar, C.M. Fairfax, L.G. Firbank, B.H. Garner, A.J. Haughton, C. Hawes, L.A. Haylock, M.S. Heard, M.O. Hill, S.L. Horne, S.E. Hulmes, N.S. Mason … & M.W. Young
This dataset consists of a range of ecological measurements collected from a set of arable fields, each sown with a combination of genetically modified and conventional winter-sown oilseed rape crops. Measurements include species counts in the following areas: weed seedbank, vegetation in the crop, field edge vegetation, invertebrates. The data were collected as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs), a four-year programme of research by independent researchers aimed at studying the effect that the...

Farm scale evaluations of herbicide tolerant genetically modified crops - spring oilseed rape

R.J. Scott, P. Baker, D. Bell, S. Bennett, C. Birchall, C.W.H. Boffey, D.A. Bohan, D.R. Brooks, E.L. Browne, G.T. Champion, S.J. Clark, R.E. Daniels, A.J.G. Dewar, A.M. Dewar, C.M. Fairfax, L.G. Firbank, B.H. Garner, A.J. Haughton, C. Hawes, L.A. Haylock, M.S. Heard, M.O. Hill, S.L. Horne, S.E. Hulmes, N.S. Mason … & M.W. Young
This dataset consists of a range of ecological measurements collected from a set of arable fields, each sown with a combination of genetically modified and conventional spring-sown oilseed rape crops. Measurements include species counts in the following areas: weed seedbank, vegetation in the crop, field edge vegetation, invertebrates. The data were collected as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs), a four-year programme of research by independent researchers aimed at studying the effect that the...

Soil biological properties from a digestate experiment on winter wheat at North Wyke and Henfaes Farm, UK (2017)

T.I. Goodall, R.I. Griffiths, A Blaud, M. Abadie, I.M. Clark, P.R. Hirsch, A.M. Carswell, T.H. Misselbrook, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, D.R. Chadwick, D.L. Jones & S. Reinsch
The data consist of nitrogen gene data, soil biodiversity indices and microbial community composition for three soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-60 cm) from a winter wheat field experiment located in the United Kingdom and collected between April 2017 and August 2017. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon and Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales. At each site measurements were taken from 15 plots, organised within a randomised...

Greenhouse gas emissions, nitrogen use efficiency and biomass from digestate experiments on winter wheat at North Wyke and Henfaes, UK (2017)

A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, A.M. Carswell, J.M. Cotton, D.R. Chadwick, D.L. Jones, T.H. Misselbrook, K.S. Saunders & S. Reinsch
The data contains nitrogen (N) offtake, N emissions (ammonia and nitrous oxide), soil parameters (pH, EC, NH4+, NO3−), biomass and grain production from a winter wheat field experiment located at Bangor University (Henfaes Research Station in North Wales) and Rothamsted Research (North Wyke (NW) in Devon). Data were collected between April 2017 and August 2017. Measurements and soil and plant samples were taken from 45 plots in a randomized complete block design. Sixteen extra mini-plots...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a short rotation coppice plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2014-2017

R. Morrison, H.M. Cooper, R.L. Rowe, J.G. Evans & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a short rotation coppice willow plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 9 January 2014 and 26 November 2017. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the...

Leaf phenology synchrony for Meso- and South America v2

C.T. George, G.P. Weedon, G. Hayman & F.F. Gerard
The leaf phenology product presented here shows the amplitude of annual cycles observed in MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and enhanced vegetation index (EVI) 16-day time-series of 2000 to 2013 for Meso- and South America. The values given represent a conservative measure of the amplitude after the annual cycle was identified and tested for significance by means of the Lomb-Scargle Transform. The amplitude was derived for four sets of vegtation...

Radionuclide biological half-lives for farm animals

C.L. Barnett, C. Wells, S. Fesenko, K. Tagami & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise a compilation of quality-controlled biological half-life values (and associated information) from a literature review for animals (mainly farm livestock) which contribute to the human food chain. The dataset contains almost 650 entries for 12 animal types (cattle, sheep, goats, deer, geese, hens, horses, pigs, rabbits, camels, ducks and red grouse) of importance to the human food chain for 32 elements relevant to radiological protection. Entries include values for milk, muscle (meat), eggs, whole...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    72

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    72

Affiliations

  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    69
  • Rothamsted Research
    9
  • Bangor University
    8
  • Butterfly Conservation
    8
  • British Trust for Ornithology
    7
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    3
  • University of York
    3
  • Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland
    2
  • Forest Research
    2
  • University of Exeter
    2