71 Works

Nitrous oxide fluxes and associated soil measurements from a mixed livestock farm in central Scotland (2012-2013)

N.J. Cowan, P.E. Levy & U.M. Skiba
This data set includes over 500 individual flux measurements of nitrous oxide (N2O) from a mixed livestock farm, carried out in 2012 and 2013 using a high-precision flux chamber method. Measurements of soil properties are also reported for each individual flux measurement. Soil pH, temperature moisture content, bulk density and ammonia and nitrate concentrations (extracted via the KCl method) are reported in the data. The data represents arable and grazed fields (cattle and sheep) as...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2017

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

Ammonia measurements from passive samplers at Ballynahone Bog field site, Northern Ireland (2018)

S. Tang, A. Stephens & A. Crory
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements from a set of ALPHA (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) sampler sites at Ballynahone National Nature Reserve, a designated Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI), Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Ramsar (wetland of international importance designated under the Ramsar Convention) site in Northern Ireland. The park is an ammonia sensitive peatland ecosystem managed locally by Ulster Wildlife Trust (UWT). The data were originally collected due to concern...

Daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil data (2013-2017) [COSMOS-UK]

S. Stanley, V. Antoniou, L.A. Ball, E.S. Bennett, J.R Blake, D.B. Boorman, M. Brooks, M. Clarke, H.M. Cooper, N. Cowan, J.G. Evans, P. Farrand, M. Fry, O.E. Hitt, A. Jenkins, F. Kral, W.D. Lord, R. Morrison, G.V. Nash, D. Rylett, P.M. Scarlett, O.D. Swain, J.L. Thornton, E.J. Trill, A.C. Warwick … & J.B. Winterbourn
This dataset contains daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil observations from COSMOS-UK (cosmic-ray soil moisture) monitoring network from October 2013 to the end of 2017. These data are from 46 sites across the UK recording a range of hydrometeorological and soil variables. Each site in the network hosts a cosmic-ray sensing probe; a novel sensor technology which can be used, in combination with hydrometeorological data, to calculate the volumetric water content of soil over a...

Growing season terrestrial methane static chamber fluxes from Abisko, Northern Sweden (June - September 2013)

J. Drewer, S.R. Leeson & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains calculated terrestrial fluxes of methane using static chambers from Stordalen mire, a subarctic peatland (68°20’ N, 19°03’ E) located near Abisko, Northern Sweden . Measurements were carried out during growing season 2013 in three measurement campaigns: 16-27 June (number of sampling occasions, n, = 4), 11-22 August (n=5) and 16-29 September (n=5 for wetland and 4 for birch forest). A total of 60 static chambers were measured, 14 within the birch forest...

Soil state and environmental parameters across geo linked sampling locations on grassland, UK (2016)

R.I. Griffiths, J. Puissant, G. Dos Santos Pereira & T.I. Goodall
Data are presented for soil state and environmental parameters of soil samples collected from paired intensive and extensive grassland systems, including low and high pH parent soils, from 32 sites across the United Kingdom. The samples were collected during winter and spring 2015-2016 by project staff experienced in soil core collection. Samples were subdivided for subsequent analysis of total Nitrogen, total Carbon, total organic Carbon, total Phosphorus, soil pH, soil moisture, loss on ignition, sand,...

Plynlimon research catchment hydrochemistry (2016-2019)

D.A. Norris, R. Harvey, J.M. Winterbourn, I. Lebron, S.A. Thacker, A.J Lawlor, H.T. Carter, H Guyatt, P.O. Keenan, M.G. Pereira, A.P. Pinder, S. Hughes, E. Fitos, M.R. Brooks & B.J. Cosby
This dataset includes stream and rainfall hydrochemistry of the Plynlimon research catchments in Mid Wales. The data cover the period from March 2016 to March 2019. Sampling was carried out fortnightly from March 2016 to July 2017. From August 2017 to November 2018 stream samples were collected every four weeks and the rain sample every two weeks. From December 2018 onwards all samples were collected every four weeks. Data are presented for major anions and...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at an organically managed grassland, Berkshire, UK, 2017 to 2019

R. Morrison, H. Cooper, A. Cumming, P. Scarlett, J. Thornton & J.B. Winterbourn
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at an area of organically managed grassland located on the Berkshire Downs, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 1st January 2017 and 31st July 2019. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric...

Standardised counts of bacteria, fungi and micro eukaryotes abundances across geo linked sampling locations on grassland, UK (2016)

R.I. Griffiths, J. Puissant & T.I. Goodall
The data consist of standardised counts of taxon abundances (bacteria, fungi and micro eukaryotes) from soil samples collected from paired intensive and extensive grassland systems, including low and high pH parent soils, from 32 sites across the United Kingdom. The samples were collected during winter and spring 2015-2016 from sites across the UK. DNA were extracted and taxonomic marker genes assessed using High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques to yield information about the genetic diversity and abundance...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial Miscanthus x. giganteus plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2008 to 2013

R. Morrison, E. Clark, C. Lloyd, H. Ward, J. Evans, M. Brooks, R. Rowe & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a at a Miscanthus x. giganteus Greef et Deu plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 30th April 2008 and 18th February 2013. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing...

CEH Land Cover plus: Fertilisers 2010-2015 (England)

B. Osório, J.W. Redhead, S.G. Jarvis, L. May & R.F. Pywell
This product consists of maps of predicted average annual application rates of three different inorganic chemical fertilisers – nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) - in England across a six-year period (2010-2015). The estimates, along with their respective estimates of uncertainty, are provided at a 1 km x 1 km resolution. These data were modelled from Defra British Survey of Fertiliser Practice (BSFP) data using a spatial interpolation procedure. These maps were created under...

CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides 2012-2016 (England and Wales)

S.G. Jarvis, P.A. Henrys, J.W. Redhead, B.M. Da Silva Osório & R.F. Pywell
This data product maps pesticide applications across England and Wales. It is produced at a 1km resolution with units of kg active ingredient applied per year. Pesticide application rates (kg/km2/yr) are calculated for each of the crops grown in each 1km square, with the total application calculated by multiplying the estimated rates by the area of each crop in the square. The product provides application estimates for 129 different active ingredients including herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial Miscanthus x. giganteus plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2013 to 2017

R. Morrison, R. Rowe, H.C. Cooper & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a at a Miscanthus x. giganteus Greef et Deu (hereafter Miscanthus) plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 4 July 2013 and 25 November 2017. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a short rotation coppice plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2014-2017

R. Morrison, H.M. Cooper, R.L. Rowe, J.G. Evans & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a short rotation coppice willow plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 9 January 2014 and 26 November 2017. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial short rotation coppice willow plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2009 to 2013

R. Morrison, E. Clark, C. Lloyd, H. Ward, J. Evans, M. Brooks, R. Rowe & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a short rotation coppice willow plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 13th October 2009 and 15th May 2013. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the...

Soil functional measurements (enzymatic activities) across geo linked sampling locations, on grassland, UK (2016)

R.I. Griffiths, J. Puissant & T.I. Goodall
Data are presented of enzymatic activity of soil collected from paired intensive and extensive grassland systems including low and high pH parent soils, from 32 sites across the United Kingdom. The samples were collected during winter and spring 2015-2016 by project staff experienced in soil core collection. Dry soil samples were analysed for a suit of extracellular hydrolytic enzyme activities. Fluorescently labeled substrates were used to enable the activity of the following enzymes to be...

Vegetation survey of Brachypodium pinnatum herbicide control trials at the Martin Down National Nature Reserve (2012-2015)

J. Redhead, M. Nowakowski, L. Ridding, M. Wagner, S. Hulmes, L. Hulmes, S. Amy, R. McDonald, N. Mitschunas, P. Nuttall, J. Peyton & R. Pywell
Vegetation data from botanical field survey of trials of selective herbicide impacts on tor-grass (Brachypodium pinnatum s.l.) control at Martin Down NNR, England. The data relate to 50 cm × 50 cm quadrats placed in herbicide treated and control plots in a replicated experiment, including a baseline (pre-treatment) survey in 2012 and three surveys after repeat treatments in 2013, 2014 and 2015. Data include percentage cover of plant species, bare ground and plant groups (total...

High temporal resolution meteorology and soil physics observations from INCOMPASS land surface stations in India, 2016 to 2018

R. Morrison, S.S. Angadi, H.M. Cooper, J.G. Evans, G. Rees, M. Sekhar, C. Taylor, S.N. Tripathi & A.G. Turner
The dataset contains time series observations of meteorological and soil physics variables logged at one minute time resolution at three Land Surface Stations in India. The three INCOMPASS Land Surface Stations were located at: (1) agricultural land in Southern Karnataka (Berambadi); (2) the University of Agricultural Sciences in Dharwad in northern Karnataka; and (3) a semi-natural grassland at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur (IITK), Uttar Pradesh. Observations were collected under the Interaction of...

Ground beetle (Carabidae) associations with UK Land Cover Map habitats

J. Chetcuti, W.E. Kunin & J.M. Bullock
The data are the habitat association (phi coefficient of association) of ground beetles (Carabidae) in Great Britain. The analysis used all 100 m carabid records from the NBN Atlas website for the analysis. The habitats are those from the CEH Land Cover Map 2015 (LCM2015) and for each beetle species each habitat has a score between 1 and -1 representing association through to disassociation and a p-value giving significance of the association score. The recommended...

Energy and carbon dioxide fluxes, meteorology and soil physics observed at INCOMPASS land surface stations in India, 2016 to 2017

R. Morrison, S.S. Angadi, H.M. Cooper, J.G. Evans, G. Rees, M. Sekhar, C. Taylor, S.N. Tripathi & A.G. Turner
Eddy covariance (EC) observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of sensible heat and latent heat, momentum and net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange were measured at thirty minute resolution at three Land Surface Stations in India. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality of the turbulent flux observations. Meteorological observations include: the net radiation and its incoming and outgoing short- and long-wave components, air temperature, barometric...

Vegetation and soil data recorded at Parsonage Down National Nature Reserve in 1970, 1990 and 2016

L.E. Ridding, P. Hawes, R. Walls, T. Wells, R. Cox, J. Williamson, M.G. Pereira, S.A. Thacker, P.O. Keenan & R.F. Pywell
This dataset contains vascular plant species abundance, average sward height, and soil analysis data from Parsonage Down National Nature Reserve (NNR), in southern England, in 1970, 1990 and 2016. Vascular plant species abundance and average sward height were recorded for each quadrat located along one of four transects. The transects were located in a CG2 Festuca ovina – Avenula pratensis grassland which dominates the majority of the site. Soil samples were also taken from various...

Plant and soil responses to simulated summer drought in 2013 on Colt Park grassland restoration experiment

A.J. Cole, R.I. Griffiths, S.E. Ward, J. Whitaker, N.J. Ostle & R.D. Bardgett
Data comprise measurements of plant biomass and community composition, soil microbial community composition, greenhouse gas emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen pools from a drought experiment superimposed on a the long-term Colt Park grassland restoration experiment in northern England. Rainfall was manipulated using rain-out shelters on experimental grassland plots where fertiliser application and seed addition have been managed to enhance plant species diversity. The scientific purpose was to test the hypothesis that management aimed at...

Thames catchment hydrometric and water quality data 2013-17

J. Miller & M. Hutchins
Urban water quality and hydrometric data for a range of urban developments in in the south of England. Water quality has been obtained from fortnightly-monthly sampling of river water using a Manta 2 sonde, and includes the parameters: ammonium, DO, pH, specific conductivity, temperature and turbidity. Rainfall was measured using a number of 2mm tipping bucket raingauges across the urban sites and through QC deriving a 15min time series of rainfall in millimetres for each...

River Tay, Scotland, water chemistry and greenhouse gas measurements 2009-2010

A.E. Pickard, U.M. Skiba, L. Carvalho, K.V. Heal, R.M. Rees & J.F. Harley
This dataset contains concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon, nutrients and concentrations of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4 and N2O from nine sites across the River Tay catchment. Water was sampled on a monthly basis between February 2009 and December 2010. The locations of sampling sites were based on existing flow gauging and water sampling sites of the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).

Simulated landscape metrics of configuration and Ecosystem Service provision across virtual landscapes, based within River Conwy

D. Masante & A.R.C. Thomas
These data are metrics of landscape configuration and modelled provision of Ecosystem services for a large number of virtual landscapes (c. 7500) superimposed on real topography. The landscapes are made up of patches of woodland interspersed across a grassland, and were generated with the landscapeR package in R. The topography used is from the Conwy catchment, split into 10 sections to enable comparison between topographies. Metrics were generated for each virtual landscape to quantify landscape...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    71

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    71

Affiliations

  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    71
  • Rothamsted Research
    9
  • Butterfly Conservation
    9
  • Bangor University
    8
  • British Trust for Ornithology
    7
  • Scotland's Rural College
    3
  • Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland
    2
  • Forest Research
    2
  • University of Exeter
    2
  • Lancaster University
    2
  • University of York
    2
  • Astronomical Research Institute
    2
  • University of Oxford
    2
  • University of Reading
    2
  • Royal Horticultural Society
    1