115 Works

Effect of parental phenotype on dispersal, growth and maturation of offspring in wild masu salmon

Toshiaki Yamamoto, Shigeru Kitanishi & Neil Metcalfe
Offspring traits are influenced by complex interactions between parent phenotypes. However, ecological studies of these effects in animals living in their natural environment have tended to be more focussed on maternal than paternal influences. In this study, we investigated the effects of both parental phenotypes on offspring natal dispersal patterns, growth and early sexual maturity in masu salmon living in natural streams. We used wild-caught parental fish in a half-sib mating design that allowed comparison...

Data from: The perception of caricatured emotion in voice

Caroline M. Whiting, Sonja A. Kotz, Joachim Gross, Bruno L. Giordano & Pascal Belin
Data for Whiting et al. (2020, Cognition): "The perception of caricatured emotion in voice". Raw behavioural data and sound stimuli.

Water chemistry, hydrology and fluvial carbon data for two Amazonian small streams

L. E. Vihermaa & S. Waldron
The data are concentrations of different fluvial carbon species (dissolved inorganic carbon, dissolved organic carbon and particulate organic carbon) which form part of the lateral transport of carbon from the terrestrial to aquatic system. This influences the terrestrial carbon balance as well as being a key part of the freshwater carbon cycle. The submission also contains hydrological (stage height, discharge and water temperature) and water chemistry data (pH, conductivity and oxygen saturation). The data were...

Multigenerational exposure to elevated temperatures leads to a reduction in standard metabolic rate in the wild

Natalie Pilakouta, Shaun Killen, Bjarni Kristjansson, Skuli Skulason, Jan Lindstom, Neil Metcalfe & Kevin Parsons
In light of global climate change, there is a pressing need to understand and predict the capacity of populations to respond to rising temperatures. Metabolic rate is a key trait that is likely to influence the ability to cope with climate change. Yet, empirical and theoretical work on metabolic rate responses to temperature changes has so far produced mixed results and conflicting predictions. Our study addresses this issue using a novel approach of comparing fish...

Survey data of scientists on knowledge exchange in critical zone and geoscience

Y. Zheng, L.A Naylor, S. Waldron & D.M. Oliver
Survey data on knowledge exchange experience of both Chinese and British scientists working on critical zone and more broadly on geoscience. Data are drawn from questionnaire surveys to explore the knowledge management methods used in their environmental research. Data are anonymised social survey data from questionnaires. The data were generated during the NERC grant 'The transmissive critical zone: understanding the karst hydrology-biogeochemical interface for sustainable management' reference NE/N007425/1 undertaken as part of the NERC Using...

Literature review of knowledge management across the environment-policy interface in China

Y. Zheng, L.A Naylor, S. Waldron & D.M. Oliver
Data from literature search systematically conducted using two widely-used academic databases: Web of Science™ (WoS) and Scopus . Data include the annual amount of KM publication in China and across the world, in WoS, the total amount of knowledge management (KM) publication during the searched years for each country (top 20), in Scopus, the total amount of KM publication during the searched years for each country (top 20), information about the retained KM publication for...

Carbon and nutrient data for rainfall fractions in the Peruvian Amazon

L. E. Vihermaa, S. Waldron & J. Newton
Aquatic carbon (dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon and the carbon isotopic composition of DIC) and nutrients (calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, total soluble phosphorus and silica) in rainfall fractions (rainwater, throughfall, stemflow and overland flow) were sampled in the Western Amazonian basin. The samples were collected towards the end of a wet season April - May 2012. Rainfall and throughfall samples were collected in plastic buckets. Stemflow samples were...

Carbon and nutrient data for streams in the Peruvian Amazon

L.E. Vihermaa, S. Waldron, J. Newton & V. Donets
Data from two small streams, two rivers and rainfall fractions in the Western Amazonian basin at Tambopata National Reserve in Madre de Dios region, Peru. Data presented are nutrients (calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, total soluble phosphorus and silica) and fluvial carbon - dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and its isotopic composition δ13C-DIC, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC). Samples were collected during the period from February 2011 to May 2012 targeting both wet...

CO2 efflux and hydraulic data for two Scottish and four Amazonian streams 2011-13

H. Long, L. Vihermaa, S. Waldron, T. Hoey, S. Quemin & J. Newton
The dataset contains CO2 efflux, hydraulic and water chemistry data from six field sites which vary in location, size and catchment characteristics. Measurements were made at: i) two sites in the UK - the River Kelvin (335 km2, semi-urban catchment) and Drumtee water (9.6 km2, peat dominated catchment); ii) four sites in the Peruvian Amazon - Main Trail (5 km2, seasonally active stream in a rainforest catchment), New Colpita stream (7 km2, perennial stream in...

Entomological and microclimate data logger data for the Kilombero valley in Tanzania

K. Kreppel, N.J. Govella, C. Caminade, M. Baylis & H. Ferguson
Mosquito trap data from Kilombero Valley in Tanzania - a global hotspot for malaria. Since 2007, field entomologists working at Ifakara Health Institue (IHI) and at the University of Glasgow have been trapping and collecting primary malaria vectors for four villages in the Kilombero Valley: Lupiro, Kidugalo, Minepa and Sagamaganga. Trapped mosquitoes were identified to species level (Anopheles gambiae and A funestus), their sex recorded (male or female) and their abdominal status (fed or unfed)...

Stakeholder surveys to local farmers and officials in Chinese villages to understand knowledge management dynamics

Y. Zheng, L. Naylor, S. Waldron & D. Oliver
Data comprise results of social surveys carried out in China during 2016 – 2018 to the local stakeholders (farmers and village to county level officials) to understand their knowledge learning dynamics and preference. Surveys were conducted in the rural villages in Puding County, Guizhou Province and in Yujiang County, Jiangxi Province. The study was funded by the grant NE/N007425/1 which was awarded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), and through cooperation with grant...

Field measurements of peatland carbon cycling at a wind farm hosting peatland in Scotland, UK

A. Armstrong, H. Richardson, S. Waldron, N.J. Ostle & J. Whitaker
Data from a field-based investigation into the spatio-temporal variability of abiotic and biotic controls on peatland carbon cycling. Data was collected between February 2011 and April 2013, across an area of blanket bog peatland at Black Law Wind Farm, Lanarkshire, Scotland. Plant-soil properties data includes total carbon content, total nitrogen content and carbon to nitrogen ratio of vegetation, litter and peat, carbon and nitrogen stock for litter and peat, bulk density, soil moisture content, pH...

Soil protozoa data from Sourhope field experiment site, Scotland [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

B.J. Finlay, H.I.J. Black, S. Brown, K.J. Clarke, G.F. Esteban, R.M. Hindle, J.L. Olmo, A. Rollett, K. Vickerman & S. Buckland
This set of data describes protozoa abundance and diversity in samples taken at the Sourhope experimental site in 1999 and 2000 by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and the University of Glasgow. Data were collected during a project funded under the NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme. The NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at the Macaulay Land Use Research...

Seasonal abundance data of all Culex pipiens life stages at a UK field site

D.A. Ewing, B.V. Purse, C.A. Cobbold, S.M. Schäfer & S.M. White
This dataset contains details of the seasonal abundance of each of the life stages of the mosquito species, Culex pipiens, at a field site located at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology in Wallingford. Immature life stages (eggs, larvae and pupae) were monitored three times per week from March until October 2015, whilst adult counts were taken four times per week from April until October in the same year. Immature Cx. pipiens were monitored using...

Measures of peatland carbon cycling from peat mesocosm incubation experiments

H. Richardson, S. Waldron, J. Whitaker & N. Ostle
Data from two laboratory-based studies, both investigating the interactive effects of abiotic and biotic controls on peatland carbon cycling. Data comprise carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in peat, litter mass remaining and respiration rate data from litter bags on peat mesocosms, and biochemical and physical properties of peat. Data was collected in from the first laboratory study, which focused on identifying the interactive effects of small-scale temperature change, water table level and plant functional type...

Liquid phase hydrogenation of CO2 to formate using palladium and ruthenium nanoparticles supported on molybdenum carbide: data

Claire E Mitchell, Umberto Terranova, Ihfaf Alshibane, David J Morgan, Thomas E Davies, Qian He, Justin S J Hargreaves, Meenakshisundaram Sankar & Nora H De Leeuw

Artificial light at night, in interaction with spring temperature, modulates timing of reproduction in a passerine bird

Davide M. Dominoni, Johan Kjellberg Jensen, Maaike De Jong, Marcel E. Visser & Kamiel Spoelstra
The ecological impact of artificial light at night (ALAN) on phenological events such as reproductive timing is increasingly recognized. In birds, previous experiments under controlled conditions showed that ALAN strongly advances gonadal growth, but effects on egg-laying date are less clear. In particular, effects of ALAN on timing of egg-laying are found to be year-dependent, suggesting an interaction with climatic conditions such as spring temperature, which is known have strong effects on the phenology of...

Intracranial haemodynamic relationships in patients with cerebral small vessel disease

Gordon Blair, Michael Thrippleton, Yulu Shi, Iona Hamilton, Michael Stringer, Francesca Chappell, David Alexander Dickie, Peter Andrews, Ian Marshall, Fergus Doubal & Joanna Wardlaw
Objective To investigate cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR), blood flow, vascular and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsatility, and their independent relationship to cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) features, in patients with minor ischaemic stroke and MRI evidence of SVD. Methods We recruited patients with minor ischaemic stroke and assessed CVR using Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) MRI during a hypercapnic challenge, cerebral blood flow, vascular and CSF pulsatility using phase contrast MRI, and structural MR brain imaging to...

Towards a comparative approach to the structure of animal personality variation

Stephen White, David Pascall & Alastair Wilson
Latent personality traits underpinning observed behavioral variation have been studied in a great many species. However, a lack of standardized behavioral assays, coupled to a common reliance on inferring personality from a single, observed, behavioral trait makes it difficult to determine if, when, and how conclusions can be directly compared across taxa. Here, we estimate the among-individual (co)variance structure (ID) for a set of four behaviors expressed in an open field trial, putatively indicative of...

Changing environments and genetic variation: natural variation in inbreeding does not compromise short-term physiological responses

James Buckley, Rónán Daly, Christina Cobbold, Karl Burgess & Barbara Mable
Selfing plant lineages are surprisingly widespread and successful in a broad range of environments, despite showing reduced genetic diversity, which is predicted to reduce long-term evolutionary potential. However, appropriate short-term plastic responses to new environmental conditions might not require high levels of standing genetic variation. In this study, we tested whether mating system variation among populations, and associated changes in genetic variability, affected short-term responses to environmental challenges. We compared relative fitness and metabolome profiles...

Data from: Everything is not everywhere: marine compartments shape phytoplankton assemblages

Sofie Spatharis, Vasiliki Lamprinou, Alexandra Meziti, Konstantinos Kormas, Daniel Danielidis, Evangelia Smeti, Daniel Roelke, Rebecca Mancy & George Tsirtsis
The idea that “everything is everywhere, but the environment selects” has been seminal in microbial biogeography, and marine phytoplankton is one of the prototypical groups used to illustrate this. The typical argument has been that phytoplankton is ubiquitous, but that distinct assemblages form under environmental selection. It is well established that phytoplankton assemblages vary considerably between coastal ecosystems. However, the relative roles of compartmentalisation of regional seas and site-specific environmental conditions in shaping assemblage structures,...

Fluorescent biomarkers demonstrate prospects for spreadable vaccines to control disease transmission in wild bats

Kevin Bakker, Tonie Rocke, Rachel Abbott, Carlos Tello, Jorge Carrera, William Valderrama, Carlos Shiva, Nestor Falcon, Jorge Osorio & Daniel Streicker
Vaccines that autonomously transfer among individuals have been proposed as a strategy to control infectious diseases within wildlife populations. However, understanding rates of spread and epidemiological efficacy in real world systems remain elusive. Here, we investigated whether topical vaccines that transfer among bats through social contacts can control vampire bat rabies, a medically and economically important zoonosis in Latin America. Field experiments in 3 Peruvian bat colonies which used fluorescent biomarkers as a proxy for...

Data from: Alternative reproductive tactics and lifetime reproductive success in a polygynandrous mammal

Adele Balmer, Bertram Zinner, Jamieson C. Gorrell, David W. Coltman, Shirley Raveh, F. Stephen Dobson, Jamieson C Gorrell, F Stephen Dobson & David W Coltman
The widespread occurrence of alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) highlights the diverse ways in which sexual selection can operate within a population. We studied ARTs in Columbian ground squirrels (Urocitellus columbianus), evaluating paternity, lifetime reproductive success, and life histories. Reproductively mature male Columbian ground squirrels displayed either a territorial or satellite (non-territorial) tactic. Territorial males secured a higher proportion of copulations, were more likely to mate at earlier positions in females’ mating sequences and sired more...

Data from: Growth trajectory influences temperature preference in fish through an effect on metabolic rate

Shaun S. Killen
Most animals experience temperature variations as they move through the environment. For ectotherms in particular, temperature has a strong influence on habitat choice. While well-studied at the species level, less is known about factors affecting the preferred temperature of individuals. Especially lacking is information on how physiological traits are linked to thermal preference and whether such relationships are affected by factors such feeding history and growth trajectory. This study examined these issues in the common...

Data from: Plasmodium vivax-like genome sequences shed new insights into Plasmodium vivax biology and evolution

Aude Gilabert, Thomas D. Otto, Gavin G. Rutledge, Blaise Franzon, Benjamin Ollomo, Céline Arnathau, Patrick Durand, Nancy D. Moukodoum, Alain-Prince Okouga, Barthélémy Ngoubangoye, Boris Makanga, Larson Boundenga, Christophe Paupy, François Renaud, Franck Prugnolle & Virginie Rougeron
Although Plasmodium vivax is responsible for the majority of malaria infections outside Africa, little is known about its evolution and pathway to humans. Its closest genetic relative, Plasmodium vivax-like, was discovered in African great apes and is hypothesized to have given rise to P. vivax in humans. To unravel the evolutionary history and adaptation of P. vivax to different host environments, we generated using long and short read sequence technologies two new P. vivax-like reference...

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