12 Works

Bacterial community structure and soil process data from a sewage sludge amended upland grassland soil experiment, 2000 [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

N.D. Gray, R.C. Hastings, S.K. Sheppard, P. Loughnane, D. Lloyd, A.J. McCarthy & I.M. Head
This set of data comprises temporal temperature gradient electrophoresis (TTGE) and soil process measurements, used to analyse the effects of perturbations (sludge and/or lime application) on the structure, community development and activity of bacteria that catalyse fundamental processes in upland soils. These were collected to address the following questions: Do soil improvement treatments select for particular components of bacterial populations and hence drive community development? If so, at what functional and phylogenetic level is this...

Substrate utilisation profiles and moisture content data from soil sampled in an upland grassland experiment at Sourhope, Scotland [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

R.I. Griffiths, A. S. Whiteley, A. G. O'Donnell, M.J. Bailey & S.M. Buckland
These data comprise substrate utilisation profiles (using the BIOLOG gram-negative method) and moisture content data from soil sampled in an upland grassland experiment at Sourhope, Scotland. BIOLOG-GN (gram-negative) substrate utilisation analyses were used to give an indication of the ability of a subset of the bacterial community to utilise various carbon sources. These data include both temporal and spatial diversity in different depths of semi-natural grassland soil cores collected at different sample dates. Samples were...

Data from: Climate-warming alters the structure of farmland tri-trophic ecological networks and reduces crop yield

Stephane A. P. Derocles, David H. Lunt, Sophie C. F. Berthe, Paul C. Nichols, Ellen D. Moss & Darren M. Evans
It is unclear how sustained increases in temperature and changes in precipitation, as a result of climate-change, will affect crops and their interactions with agricultural weeds, insect pests and predators, due to the difficulties in quantifying changes in such complex relationships. We simulated the combined effects of increasing temperature (by 1.4°C over a growing season) and applying additional rainwater (10% extra per week) using a replicated, randomized block experiment within a wheat crop. We examined...

Data from: Re-assessing causality between energy consumption and economic growth

Atanu Ghoshray, Yurena Mendoza, Mercedes Monfort & Javier Ordoñez
The energy consumption-growth nexus has been widely studied in the empirical literature, though results have been inconclusive regarding the direction, or even the existence, of causality. These inconsistent results can be explained by two important limitations of the literature. First, the use of bivariate models, which fail to detect more complex causal relations, or the ad hoc approach to selecting variables in a multivariate framework; and, second, the use of linear causal models, which are...

Data from: Assessment of disease progression in dysferlinopathy – a one year cohort study

Volker Straub, Ursula Moore, Marni Jacobs, Meredith K. James, Anna G. Mayhew, Roberto Fernandez-Torron, Jia Feng, Avital Cnaan, Michelle Eagle, Karen Bettinson, Laura E. Rufibach & Robert Muni Lofra
Objective: To assess the ability of functional measures to detect disease progression in dysferlinopathy over 6 months and 1 year. Methods: 193 patients with dysferlinopathy were recruited to the Jain Foundation’s International Clinical Outcome Study for Dysferlinopathy. Baseline, 6 months and 1 year assessments included: adapted North Star Assessment (a-NSAA), Motor Function Measure (MFM-20), timed function tests, 6 minute walk test (6MWT), Brooke Scale, Jebsen Test, manual muscle testing (MMT) and hand-held dynamometry (HHD). Patients...

Soil bacterial cell counts and moisture content from a water stress experiment [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

R.I. Griffiths, A.S. Whiteley, A.G. O'Donnell, M.J. Bailey, D. Mayoux & G. Burt-Smith
These data comprise culturable cell counts in different media from soil microbial analysis within a microcosm experiment investigating moisture perturbations on microbes, set up at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Oxford. The experiment used soil turves from outside the main experimental plots at Sourhope, Scotland, collected in July 2001. Soil moisture data are also included. Data were collected as part of the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, established in 1999 and centred upon the...

Data from: Quantitative analysis of the complete larval settlement process confirms Crisp’s model of surface selectivity by barnacles

Nick Aldred, Ahmad Alsaab & Anthony S. Clare
For barnacle cypris larvae at the point of settlement, selection of an appropriate surface is critical. Since post-settlement relocation is usually impossible, barnacles have evolved finely-tuned surface sensing capabilities to identify suitable substrata, and a temporary adhesion system for extensive surface exploration. The pattern of exploratory behaviour appears complex and may last for several hours, imposing significant barriers to quantitative measurement. Here, we employ a novel tracking system that enables simultaneous analysis of the larval...

Data from: Plumage colouration and social context influence male investment in song

Lindsay J. Henderson, Kathleen R. Brazeal & Thomas P. Hahn
Animals use multiple signals to attract mates, including elaborate song, brightly coloured ornaments and physical displays. Female birds often prefer both elaborate male song, and intense carotenoid-based plumage colouration. This could lead less visually ornamented males to increase song production to maximize their attractiveness to females. We tested this possibility in the highly social and non-territorial house finch (Haemorhous mexicanus), in which females discriminate among males based on both song, and on the intensity of...

Data from: Estimating contributions of pelagic and benthic pathways to consumer production in coupled marine food webs

Jessica I. Duffill Telsnig, Simon Jennings, Aileen C. Mill, Nicola D Walker, Andrew C Parnell, Nicholas VC Polunin & Nicholas V. C. Polunin
1. Pelagic and benthic systems usually interact, but their dynamics and production rates differ. Such differences influence the distribution, reproductive cycles, growth rates, stability and productivity of the consumers they support. Consumer preferences for, and dependence on, pelagic or benthic production are governed by the availability of these sources of production and consumer life history, distribution, habitat, behavioural ecology, ontogenetic stage and morphology. 2. Diet studies may demonstrate the extent to which consumers feed on...

Data from: Clinical spectrum of STX1B-related epileptic disorders

Stefan Wolking, Patrick May, Davide Mei, Rikke S. Møller, Simona Balestrini, Katherine L. Helbig, Cecilia Desmettre Altuzarra, Nicolas Chatron, Charu Kaiwar, Katharina Stoehr, Peter Widdess-Walsh, Bryce A. Mendelsohn, Adam Numis, Maria R. Cilio, Wim Van Paesschen, Lene L. Svendsen, Stephanie Oates, Elaine Hughes, Sushma Goyal, Kathleen Brown, Margarita Sifuentes Saenz, Thomas Dorn, Hiltrud Muhle, Alistair T. Pagnamenta, Dimitris V. Vavoulis … & Julian Schubert
Objective: The aim of this study was to expand the spectrum of epilepsy syndromes related to STX1B, encoding the presynaptic protein syntaxin-1B, and establish genotype-phenotype correlations by identifying further disease-related variants. Methods: We used next generation sequencing in the framework of research projects and diagnostic testing. Clinical data and EEGs were reviewed, including already published cases. To estimate the pathogenicity of the variants, we used established and newly developed in silico prediction tools. Results: We...

Data from: Resource-Area-Dependence Analysis: inferring animal resource needs from home-range and mapping data

Robert E. Kenward, Eduardo M. Arraut, Peter A. Robertson, Sean S Walls, Nicholas M Casey & Nicholas J Aebischer
An animal’s home-range can be expected to encompass the resources it requires for surviving or reproducing. Thus, animals inhabiting a heterogeneous landscape, where resource patches vary in size, shape and distribution, will naturally have home-ranges of varied sizes, so that each home-range encompasses a minimum required amount of a resource. Home-range size can be estimated from telemetry data, and often key resources, or proxies for them such as the areas of important habitat types, can...

Data from: Peripherally injected ghrelin and leptin reduce food hoarding and mass gain in the coal tit (Periparus ater)

Lindsay J. Henderson, Rowan C. Cockcroft, Hiroyuki Kaiya, Timothy Boswell & Tom V. Smulders
In birds little is known about the hormonal signals that communicate nutritional state to the brain and regulate appetitive behaviours. In mammals, the peptide hormones ghrelin and leptin elevate and inhibit consumption and food hoarding, respectively. In birds, administration of both ghrelin and leptin inhibit food consumption. The role of these hormones in the regulation of food hoarding in avian species has not been examined. To investigate this, we injected wild caught coal tits (Periparus...

Registration Year

  • 2018
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12

Affiliations

  • Newcastle University
    12
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    2
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    2
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
    1
  • University of Antwerp
    1
  • Hvidovre Hospital
    1
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
    1
  • Lyon Neuroscience Research Center
    1
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    1
  • University of Milan
    1