396 Works

Snow Survey of Great Britain: transcribed data for Scotland, 1945 to 2007

M. Spencer
This dataset comprises observations of snowline from the Snow Survey of Great Britain (SSGB) at 140 sites across Scotland . Daily observations were made between 1945 and 2007. Observations were made by a ground observer who looked out from a given location at 0900 GMT each day and noted the elevation at which snow cover was greater than 50%. The initial aim was to 'secure representative data relating to the occurrence of snow cover at...

Local tree names, uses and species identification in Mozambique

E. Woollen, I Grundy, A. Bechel, C.M. Ryan, O. Nhaduco, I.A. Daude, A.A. Manguiao, A.A. Da Costa, S.N. Lisboa, J.F. Junior, L. Mutemba, A. Pais, M. Zavale, S. Cumbula, H. Xerinda, H. Buque, D. Meneses, C. Rodrigues, A.M. Mário, N. Ribeiro, L.P. Domingos, A. Mbandze, F. Armando & P. Jennings
The dataset includes lists of local tree names, tree species identification and local uses of trees in seventeen different villages across three Districts in Mozambique, Africa. We collated species lists from seven villages in Mabalane District, Gaza Province, ten villages in Marrupa District, Niassa Province, and ten villages in Gurue District Zambezia Province. Data were collected in Mabalane between May-Sep 2014, Marrupa between May-Aug 2015, and Gurue between Sep-Dec 2015. Lists of local tree names...

Getting to Net Zero Working Group: Energy Networks Snap-Shot Report

Martin Hill, Colin Thomson, James Higgins, Charlotte Owen, Nigel Holmes, Robert Gibson, Maxine Frerk, Phil Lawton, Gareth Harrison, Harry Van de Weijde, Antonios Katris, Christian Calvillo Munoz & Fiona Riddoch
The electricity gas and heat networks are finding it necessary to increase their ad hoc interactions as they develop their contribution to the net zero1 targets for green house gases for the UK and Scotland. The organisations involved in the “Getting to Net Zero” working group are all directly engaged in the energy sector encountering day-to-day challenges around how to include “getting to net zero” in their operations. The working group met to consider the...

VOLCano ANalogues Search (VOLCANS) datasets used to parameterise the Aluto event tree model

Pablo Tierz
Electronic Supplementary Material: "Event trees and epistemic uncertainty in long-term volcanic hazard assessment of rift volcanoes: the example of Aluto (Central Ethiopia)", by Tierz, P., Clarke, B., Calder, E. S., Dessalegn, F., Lewi, E., Yirgu, G., Fontijn, K., Crummy, J. M., and Loughlin, S. C., submitted to Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. The datasets contain volcanological data on analogue (i.e. similar) volcanoes of Aluto volcano (Ethiopia), including conditional probabilities of eruption size, number of eruptions with specific...

Tsetse trypanosome and endosymbiont data from Hurungwe District, Zimbabwe (2016)

M. Goodwin, F. Webber, L.C. Hamill, N.E. Anderson, W. Shereni, L. Nyakupinda, L.F. Gwenhure & E. Macleod
The data set includes the results of a laboratory analysis in 2016, investigating the presence of trypanosomes and prevalence of tsetse endosymbionts in tsetse flies. The tsetse flies were sampled in Hurungwe District, Mashonaland West Province, Zimbabwe, from February 2014 to November 2014. Flies were sampled using a combination of Epsilon traps and fly rounds, both established techniques for sampling tsetse. Tsetse were stored prior to laboratory analysis using Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques in...

Paternity of Eschscholzia californica plants introduced to habitats comprising different floral cover

T.M. Evans, M.S. Heard, A.J. Vanbergen, S. Cavers & R. Ennos
This dataset details the paternity of progeny from Eschscholzia californica plants introduced to habitats comprising different floral cover. Data was collected in June 2015 at the Hillesden estate, Buckinghamshire, UK. Plants were genotyped at seven microsatellite markers before being introduced across the study site to form experimental arrays. Experimental arrays comprised of three E.californica plants separated by 1m and arranged in a triangular formation. A total of sixteen arrays were introduced across four 100 hectare...

Woody biomass maps of Mabalane, Gurue, and Maruppa, Mozambique

C. Ryan & I. McNicol
The data consist of woody biomass maps of three study areas - Mabalane, Gurue, and Maruppa in Mozambique. Each area map comprises three Geotiff layers stacked in the order band 1= 2007, band 2 = 2010, band 3 = 2014. Each pixel is an aboveground woody biomass in tonnes of carbon per hectare (ha). For the biomass maps -18.00000 means no data. Due to noise, it is possible to have negative biomass estimates. Individual layers...

Bulk density, carbon and nitrogen content in soil profiles from permafrost in subarctic Canada

C. Estop-Aragones, J.P. Fisher, M.A. Cooper, A. Thierry, R. Treharne, J.B. Murton, G.K. Phoenix, D.J. Charman, M. Williams & I.P. Hartley
This dataset consists of measurements of bulk density, carbon and nitrogen content in soil profiles from permafrost in subarctic Canada. Soil cores were sampled during early summer in 2013 and 2014. Soil cores were sampled from a peatland plateau and thawing features of the peatland plateau, and from an unburnt and burnt black spruce forest, and additional sites in Yukon and Northwest Territories.

Soil respired radiocarbon as CO2 and CH4 from peatland plateaus and thawing peatland plateaus and from burnt and unburnt forests from permafrost in subarctic Canada

C. Estop-Aragones, J.P. Fisher, M.A. Cooper, A. Thierry, R. Treharne, J.B. Murton, G.K. Phoenix, D.J. Charman, M. Williams & I.P. Hartley
This dataset contains measures of soil respired radiocarbon as CO2 and CH4 from peatland plateaus and thawing peatland plateaus and from burnt and unburnt forests from permafrost in subarctic Canada. The radiocarbon content of soil respired CO2 and CH4 was measured during summer in 2013 and 2014 in Yukon and Northwest Territories. Monitored sites included peatland plateaus, thawing features of peatland plateaus and unburnt and burnt black spruce forests.

Structure and composition of woodlands across Mozambique

E. Woollen, C.M. Ryan, O. Nhaduco, I.A. Daude, A.A. Manguiao, A.A. Da Costa, S.N. Lisboa, J.F. Junior, L. Mutemba, A. Pais, M. Zavale, S. Cumbula, H. Xerinda, H. Buque, D. Meneses, C. Rodrigues, A.M. Mário, N. Ribeiro, L.P. Domingos, A. Mbandze, R. Stedham & P. Jennings
This dataset contains quantitative measurements of woodland structure and composition sampled in twenty-seven different villages across three Districts in Mozambique, Africa. Data were collected from 431 plots where tree stem structure and composition, litter and grass biomass, coarse woody debris, and canopy cover data were recorded. Woodlands within seven villages in Mabalane District, Gaza Province, ten villages in Marrupa District, Niassa Province, and ten villages in Gurue District Zambezia Province were sampled. Data were collected...

Scenarios of future land use change in Mozambique (2014 and 2015)

P. Zorrilla-Miras, J. Matediane, M. Mahamane, I. Nhantumbo, R. Varela, M.J. Metzger & G. Patenaude
Data comprise scenarios of how land use can be in the future and how will it affect ecosystem services in rural Mozambique. The scenarios were constructed from information gathered at five workshops held in Maputo, Xai Xai, Quelimane and Lichinga in 2014 and 2015. The objective of the workshops was to examine aspects that influence well-being (e.g. ecosystem services) and their causes (e.g. change in land use) in the Miombo woodland area of rural Mozambique...

Causal diagrams linking rural well-being with forest ecosystem services in Mozambique (2014 and 2015)

P. Zorrilla-Miras, J. Matediane, M. Mahamane, I. Nhantumbo, R. Varela, M.J. Metzger & G. Patenaude
Data comprise causal diagrams which show links between aspects that influence the well-being of rural inhabitants (e.g. good quality of food, good family relationships, education, etc) with ecosystem services (e.g. food from trees, wood sticks for construction, firewood, wood for charcoal production, etc.) and their causes (e.g. change in land use) in rural Mozambique. Information was gathered at 20 workshops held in Maputo, Xai Xai, Lichinga, Quelimane, and at village level in the districts of...

What Clients Want: A Conjoint Analysis of Precursors to Coach Selection

Céline Rojon, Nicole Bode & Almuth McDowall
This study investigated individuals’ preference structures for workplace coaching providers. Guided by questions about relative weightings of seven important coach(ing) characteristics (i.e., coach work experience/background/gender; coaching training; personal recommendations; client feedback; coaching cost), we carried out a conjoint analysis, using a mixed occupational sample (N = 383). In addition, we conducted linear regression analyses to determine the extent to which coaches’ perceived competence, likeability and trustworthiness might impact on individuals’ decision-making processes. Potential coachees favoured...

Sex-specific associations between life history traits and a novel reproductive polymorphism in the Pacific field cricket

Jon Richardson, Justa Heinen-Kay & Marlene Zuk
Associations between heritable polymorphisms and life-history traits, such as development time or reproductive investment, may play an underappreciated role in maintaining polymorphic systems. This is because selection acting on a particular morph could be bolstered or disrupted by correlated changes in life-history or vice versa. In a Hawaiian population of the Pacific field cricket (Teleogryllus oceanicus), a novel mutation (flatwing) on the X-chromosome is responsible for a heritable polymorphism in male wing structure. We used...

Pathogen dynamics across the diversity of ageing

Jessica Clark, Luke McNally & Tom Little
Reproduction, mortality and immune function often change with age, but do not invariably deteriorate. Across the tree of life, there is extensive variation in age-specific performance and changes to key life-history traits. These changes occur on a spectrum from classic senescence, where performance declines with age, to juvenescence, where performance improves with age. Reproduction, mortality and immune function are also important factors influencing the spread of infectious disease, yet there exists no comprehensive investigation into...

Data from: Inbreeding and inbreeding depression of early life traits in a cooperative mammal

Johanna F. Nielsen, Sinead English, William P. Goodall-Copestake, Jinliang Wang, Craig A. Walling, Andrew W. Bateman, Loeske E. B. Kruuk, Tim H. Clutton-Brock & Josephine M. Pemberton
Mating between relatives often results in negative fitness consequences or inbreeding depression. However, the expression of inbreeding in populations of wild cooperative mammals and the effects of environmental, maternal and social factors on inbreeding depression in these systems are currently not well understood. This study uses pedigree-based inbreeding coefficients from a long-term study of meerkats (Suricata suricatta) in South Africa to reveal that 44% of the population have detectably non-zero (F>0) inbreeding coefficients. 15% of...

Data from: Analysis of genome-wide structure, diversity and fine mapping of Mendelian traits in traditional and village chickens

David Wragg, Joram M. Mwacharo, Paul M. Hocking, Olivier Hanotte & Jose A. Alcalde
Extensive phenotypic variation is a common feature among village chickens found throughout much of the developing world, and in traditional chicken breeds that have been artificially selected for traits such as plumage variety. We present here an assessment of traditional and village chicken populations, for fine mapping of Mendelian traits using genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping while providing information on their genetic structure and diversity. Bayesian clustering analysis reveals two main genetic backgrounds in traditional...

Data from: Fisher's geometrical model of fitness landscape and variance in fitness within a changing environment

Xu-Sheng Zhang
The fitness of an individual can be simply defined as the number of its offspring in the next generation. However, it is not well understood how selection on the phenotype determines fitness. In accordance with Fisher’s fundamental theorem, fitness should have no or very little genetic variance, whereas empirical data suggest that is not the case. To bridge these knowledge gaps, we follow Fisher’s geometrical model and assume that fitness is determined by multivariate stabilizing...

Data from: Model-based comparisons of phylogeographic scenarios resolve the intraspecific divergence of cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis

Gilbert Smith, Konrad Lohse, William J. Etges & Michael G. Ritchie
The cactophilic fly Drosophila mojavensis exhibits considerable intraspecific genetic structure across allopatric geographic regions and shows associations with different host cactus species across its range. The divergence between these populations has been studied for more than 60 years, yet their exact historical relationships have not been resolved. We analysed sequence data from 15 intronic X-linked loci across populations from Baja California, mainland Sonora-Arizona and Mojave Desert regions under an isolation-with-migration model to assess multiple scenarios...

Data from: A likelihood-based comparison of population histories in a parasitoid guild

Konrad Lohse, Nick Barton, Graham Stone & George Melika
Little is known about the stability of trophic relationships in complex natural communities over evolutionary timescales. Here, we use sequence data from 18 nuclear loci to reconstruct and compare the intraspecific histories of major Pleistocene refugial populations in the Middle East, the Balkans and Iberia in a guild of four Chalcid parasitoids (Cecidostiba fungosa, C. semifascia, Hobbya stenonota and Mesopolobus amaenus) all attacking Cynipid oak galls. We develop a likelihood method to numerically estimate models...

Data from: Re-mating across years and intra-lineage polygyny are associated with greater than expected levels of inbreeding in wild red deer

Katie V. Stopher, Daniel H. Nussey, Tim H. Clutton-Brock, Fiona Guinness, Alison Morris & Josephine M. Pemberton
The interaction between philopatry and non-random mating has important consequences for the genetic structure of populations, influencing co-ancestry within social groups but also inbreeding. Here, using genetic paternity data, we describe mating patterns in a wild population of red deer (Cervus elaphus) which are associated with marked consequences for co-ancestry and inbreeding in the population. Around a fifth of females mate with a male with whom they have mated previously, and further, females frequently mate...

Data from: Estimating quantitative genetic parameters in wild populations: a comparison of pedigree and genomic approaches

Camillo Bérénos, Philip A. Ellis, Jill G. Pilkington & Josephine M. Pemberton
The estimation of quantitative genetic parameters in wild populations is generally limited by the accuracy and completeness of the available pedigree information. Using relatedness at genome-wide markers can potentially remove this limitation and lead to less biased and more precise estimates. We estimated heritability, maternal genetic effects and genetic correlations for body size traits in an unmanaged long-term study population of Soay sheep on St Kilda using three increasingly complete and accurate estimates of relatedness:...

Data from: Asymmetry in pay-off predicts how familiar individuals respond to one another

Hanna M. V. Granroth-Wilding & Anne E. Magurran
Familiarity influences individual decision-making in many vertebrate species. Here, we propose that familiarity modulates behaviour to different extents depending on the social context of the interaction. Specifically, the more that one player stands to gain relative to the other, the less important familiarity will be in influencing their responses to one another. We test this prediction using pairs of male guppies (Poecilia reticulata) in three competitive scenarios of increasing asymmetry in outcome to the two...

Data from: Sturgeon conservation genomics: SNP discovery and validation using RAD sequencing

Rob Ogden, Karim Gharbi, Nikolai Mugue, Jann Martinsohn, Helen Senn, John Davey, Mohammad Pourkazemi, Ross McEwing, Cathlene Eland, Michele Vidotto, Alexander Sergeev, Leonardo Congiu & J. W. Davey
Caviar-producing sturgeons belonging to the genus Acipenser are considered to be one of the most endangered species groups in the world. Continued overfishing in spite of increasing legislation, zero catch quotas and extensive aquaculture production have led to the collapse of wild stocks across Europe and Asia. The evolutionary relationships among Adriatic, Russian, Persian and Siberian sturgeons are complex because of past introgression events and remain poorly understood. Conservation management, traceability and enforcement suffer a...

Data from: Host nutrition alters the variance in parasite transmission potential

Pedro F. Vale, Marc Choisy & Tom J. Little
The environmental conditions experienced by hosts are known to affect their mean parasite transmission potential. How different conditions may affect the variance of transmission potential has received less attention but is an important question for disease management, especially if specific ecological contexts are more likely to foster a few extremely infectious hosts. Using the obligate-killing bacterium Pasteuria ramosa and its crustacean host Daphnia magna, we analysed how host nutrition affected the variance of individual parasite...

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