338 Works

GROWING OLD AS A ROCK STAR

JoAnna Sloggy
This dissertation focuses on the aging voice - specifically the aging elite vocal athlete. It is comprised of four components; a series of research studies and a viewpoint piece designed to explore the awareness, struggles, and vocal compensations of aging singers dealing with age related vocal and performance problems. The overarching goal of these studies is to inform the development of a voice care protocol for the aging rock star to guide customized intervention for...

IMPROVING BICYCLE INFRASTRUCTURE WITH THE USE OF BICYCLE SHARE TRAVEL DATA

Jennifer Mintao Weast
Bicycling as a mode of transportation has been increasing in recent years due to its environmental and health benefits. The availability of bicycles through bicycle share programs has made bicycling a more viable option. With this increase, there is a need for complementary improvements of bicycle infrastructure. Many local and regional transportation agencies are recognizing this need and developing a master plan or safety action plan to improve the city’s bicycle and walking facilities. This...

CONNECTING THE PIECES

Alexa Johnson
Low back pain in collegiate athletes has been reported at a rate of 37% from a wide array of sports including soccer, volleyball, football, swimming, and baseball. Whereas, in a military population the prevalence of low back pain is 70% higher than the general population. Compensatory movement strategies are often used as an attempt to reduce pain. Though compensatory movement strategies may effectively reduce pain, they are often associated with altered lower extremity loading patterns....

A Performance Guide to Arthur Bliss's Sonata for Viola and Piano

Andrew Braddock
Arthur Bliss’s Sonata for Viola and Piano stands as a significant achievement in early twentieth-century chamber music for viola and is the result of a fruitful collaboration between composer and virtuoso performer. Multiple scholars recognize the sonata as one of Bliss’s finest works. Despite these accolades, the work has failed to attract sustained scholarly investigation. This document provides performers with the necessary tools for a thorough and contextualized presentation of the work. The main body...

PREVALENCE OF SPORTS-RELATED STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE IN THE FEMALE COLLEGIATE ATHLETE

Stacey Pagorek
Urinary incontinence is a health condition that is associated with involuntary leakage of urine. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) describes involuntary leakage of urine on effort or exertion and can impact one’s ability to participate in activities and affect quality of life. Furthermore, clinical management of this health condition is challenging as individuals who experience urinary incontinence often do not report this concern to a health care provider. Stress urinary incontinence is not typically a health...

Magnetic Field Monitoring in the SNS Neutron EDM Experiment

Alina Aleksandrova
It is a well known fact that the visible universe is made almost entirely of baryonic matter. Yet, this is also one of the greatest puzzles that physicists are trying to solve: Where did all of this matter come from in the first place? The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics predicts a baryon asymmetry that is much smaller than what is observed in nature. In order to try and explain this discrepancy, Sakharov (1967)...

CHANGES IN MUSCLE SIZE, QUALITY AND POWER ARE RELATED TO PHYSICAL FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH CRITICAL ILLNESS

Kirby Mayer
Patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) are known to develop significant impairments in physical function. Patients with critical illness suffer up to 30% reductions in muscle size within the first ten days of admission to the ICU. Muscle strength testing, Medical Research Council-sum score, is current gold-standard to diagnosis ICU-acquired weakness and predicts risk of mortality and long-term physical function. Muscle power different from muscle strength in that it accounts for velocity of movement,...

COMPUTATIONAL MODELING GUIDED DISCOVERY OF NOVEL INHIBITORS OF MPGES-1 AND BUTYRYLCHOLINESTERASE AS DRUG CANDIDATES

Shuo Zhou
Ever since the advent of computer-aided drug design (CADD), in silico simulation methods have greatly accelerated the drug discovery process and lead to the discovery of numerous drug candidates. With the exponential growth of computational power, we nowadays simulate biologic systems at a scale unimaginable a decade ago and thus provides perspectives for drug design. In this dissertation research, combining in silico simulation methods like molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation with organic synthesis,...

ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES OF ATOMICALLY THIN MATERIAL HETEROSTRUCTURES

M. Javad Farrokhi
There is a movement in the electronic industry toward building electronic devices with dimensions smaller than is currently possible. Atomically thin 2D material, such as graphene, bilayer graphene, hBN and MoS2 are great candidate for this goal and they have a potential set of novel electronic properties compare to their bulk counterparts due to the exhibition of quantum confinement effects. To this goal, we have investigated the electric field screening of multilayer 2D materials due...

CHARACTERIZATIONS OF LINEAR GROUND MOTION SITE RESPONSE IN THE NEW MADRID AND WABASH VALLEY SEISMIC ZONES AND SEISMICITY IN THE NORTHERN EASTERN TENNESSEE SEISMIC ZONE AND ROME TROUGH, EASTERN KENTUCKY

Seth Carpenter
The central and eastern United States is subject to seismic hazards from both natural and induced earthquakes, as evidenced by the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake sequence, consisting of at least three magnitude 7 and greater earthquakes, and by four magnitude 5 and greater induced earthquakes in Oklahoma since 2011. To mitigate seismic hazards, both earthquake sources and their effects need to be characterized. Ground motion site response can cause additional damage to susceptible infrastructure and...

A COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF CRISIS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR PHYSICAL THERAPY

Kathleen Sutton
Advancements in medicine, policy, and societal attitudes have improved life expectancy, socialization, and participation for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). However, inconsistent or a lack of services may drive healthcare utilization toward expensive emergency care services. This can negatively impact health outcomes and disrupt physical therapy treatment plans, limiting their effectiveness and further placing individuals with IDD at risk for crisis episodes. Because of its subjective nature, quantifying crisis is challenging using current...

Fanny Hensel's Das Jahr

Lindsay Gray Clavere
On Christmas Day in 1841, Fanny Hensel presented her husband with a Christmas gift—Das Jahr—a piano cycle comprised of twelve pieces, each one depicting a month of The Year. Not long thereafter, Fanny and husband Wilhelm would collaborate to create a Gesamtkunstwerk, reworking Das Jahr and expanding it by two additional expressions: vignettes drawn into the score by Wilhelm, and epigrams, snippets of poetry by master German poets. This dissertation seeks to answer the question:...

Gender, Politics, Market Segmentation, and Taste

Saesha Senger
This dissertation explores issues of gender politics, market segmentation, and taste through an examination of the contributions of several artists who have achieved Adult Contemporary (AC) chart success. The scope of the project is limited to a period when many artists who figured prominently in both the broader mainstream of American popular music and the more specific Adult Contemporary category were most commercially viable: from the mid-1980s through the 1990s. My contention is that, as...

Trends and Patterns in Use of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder in a Commercially Insured Population in the U.S.

Catherine Serratore
Opioid use disorder (OUD) and opioid overdose are pervasive public health problems in the U.S. Medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) have been shown effective to reduce OUD morbidity and mortality. Two distinct approaches to MOUD are currently used: agonist therapy (methadone or buprenorphine) or antagonist therapy (naltrexone). Limited information is available about the patterns of use, adherence to therapy, and characteristics of those who use agonist vs. antagonist therapy. The objective of this study...

PERCEPTUAL DIALECTOLOGY IN SLOVAKIA

Katka Showers-Curtis
This study examines Slovak dialect perceptions from 311 participants in 9 municipalities in Slovakia. Data were collected between 2016 and 2017, utilizing a map task, degree of difference ratings, and other Likert scale tasks to assess participants’ perceptions of and attitudes about dialects in Slovakia. Participants received blank maps of Slovakia on which to elicit participants’ perceptions of where isoglosses (dialect boundaries) lie. They drew their own isoglosses and were asked to label each dialect...

EMERGING FROM THE ASHES

Nicole Staricek
This dissertation uses a case study approach assess the postcrisis communication between the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Roane County community following the 2008 coal ash spill. More specifically, the researcher explores the relationship between organizational renewal and community involvement by means of an in-depth case study analysis. The dataset includes transcripts from interviews with Tennessee Valley Authority leaders, as well as neighboring community members, all of whom were involved in the postcrisis recovery. Supporting...

THE FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES EMPLOYED IN ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY AND POLYMERIC NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS

Matthew Hancock
Ceria (cerium oxide) nanomaterials, or nanoceria, have commercial catalysis and energy storage applications. The cerium atoms on the surface of nanoceria can store or release oxygen, cycling between Ce3+ and Ce4+, and can therefore act as a therapeutic to relieve oxidative stress within living systems. Nanoceria dissolution is present in acidic environments in vivo. In order to accurately define the fate of nanoceria in vivo, nanoceria dissolution or stabilization is observed in vitro using acidic...

Fast, Sparse Matrix Factorization and Matrix Algebra via Random Sampling for Integral Equation Formulations in Electromagnetics

Owen Tanner Wilkerson
Many systems designed by electrical & computer engineers rely on electromagnetic (EM) signals to transmit, receive, and extract either information or energy. In many cases, these systems are large and complex. Their accurate, cost-effective design requires high-fidelity computer modeling of the underlying EM field/material interaction problem in order to find a design with acceptable system performance. This modeling is accomplished by projecting the governing Maxwell equations onto finite dimensional subspaces, which results in a large...

EVALUATING REFORESTATION OPTIONS FOR SURFACE MINES IN APPALACHIA

Joseph Frederick
During the last century coal extraction has degraded ecosystems in Appalachia, converting forested land into other cover types that have a diminished capacity to naturally progress to later stages of succession. This projects objective was to examine two options for land-use that can assist in returning the reclaimed surface mines to forested cover types, with increased ecosystem services, and a potential for economic gain. This project examined a biomass plantation and an American chestnut trial....

THERMODYNAMIC MODELING AND EQUILIBRIUM SYSTEM DESIGN OF A SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESS FOR DILUTE RARE EARTH SOLUTIONS

Alind Chandra
Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 15 elements in the lanthanide series along with scandium and yttrium. They are often grouped together because of their similar chemical properties. As a result of their increased application in advanced technologies and electronics including electric vehicles, the demand of REEs and other critical elements has increased in recent decades and is expected to significantly grow over the next decade. As the majority of REEs are produced...

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATIONS OF REDUCED GRAPHENE OXIDE AND COMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR SELECTIVE SEPARATIONS AND REMOVAL OF ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS

Ashish Bapurao Aher
Among the next generation materials being investigated for membrane development, partially reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) has received increasing attention from the membrane community. rGO-based nanofiltration membranes have shown promising results in applications such as partial desalination, organic contaminant removal, gas-phase separations, and separations from solvent media. rGO offers a unique platform compared to common polymeric membranes since it can be used for separation applications in both aqueous and organic solvent media. An rGO-based platform could...

LIGNIN-DERIVED CARBON AND NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS

Wenqi Li
With a growing demand for electrical energy storage materials, lignin-derived carbon materials have received increasing attention in recent years. As a highly abundant renewable carbon source, lignin can be converted to a variety of advanced carbon materials with tailorable chemical, structural, mechanical and electrochemical properties through thermochemical conversion (e.g. pyrolysis). However, the non-uniformity in lignin structure, composition, inter-unit linkages and reactivity of diverse lignin sources greatly influence lignin fractionation from plant biomass, the pyrolysis chemistry,...

THE INFLUENCE OF PATIENT-PROVIDER INTERACTION, SELF-CONCEPT, AND THE SOCIO-PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT ON PELVIC EXAM SEEKING BEHAVIOR, ANXIETY, AND THE HEALTH CARE EXPERIENCE

Julie Lasslo
Regular gynecological screenings are critical for women in promotion of health and preventing diseases like cervical cancer. Despite the importance of such examinations, many women fail to adhere to recommended screening protocols. As a result, women experience an increased disease risk. The current study examined the relationship between patient-provider communication quality, skill, and empathy on pelvic exam seeking behavior and exam-related anxiety and satisfaction. Additionally, negative self-concept, perceived poor genital self-image, and various elements of...

Reducing Construction Costs Through Effective Field Communication and Administration

Gabriel B. Dadi, Roy E., Jr. Sturgill, Steven Waddle & Steven Douglas Kreis
Falling Road Fund receipts have placed added strain on the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet’s (KYTC) already-underfunded highway program. Revenue declines have increased the urgency of improving the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the Cabinet’s operations. One method KYTC can use to realize greater cost savings is improving the administration of construction projects. Effective field communication and administration helps control construction costs, enhances quality, and minimizes delays and claims. One challenge the Cabinet will need to confront to...

THE UTILIZATION OF TECHNOLOGY AS AN APPROACH TO IMPROVE MEAL PLANNING AND DIETARY INTAKE

Alexa Lauren Kuziel
The prevalence of obesity is rising in the United States and one factor that contributes to it is the lack of cooking at home and planning out meals. Since text messaging is now a main avenue of communication, it could be used to motivate people to plan out their meals and cook at home instead of consuming fast food. Current research on how weekly nudges might relate to peoples’ goals about meal preparation and dietary...

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