26 Works

Tote Road Pike Lakes restoration: northern pike eradication

Robert Massengill
This data was collected during the period of 2016-2019 in support of an invasive northern pike and muskeullunge eradication project at eight lakes near Soldotna, Alaska collectively known as the Tote Road Pike Lakes. The data represents information on lake water quality, gillnetting effort and catch and catch sampling. The dataset also includes data on the capture and relocation of native fish (rainbow trout and juvenile coho salmon) collected from Soldotna Creek (a Kenai River...

Data from: Female American black bears do not alter space use or movements to reduce infanticide risk

D. Cody Norton, Jerrold L. Belant, John G. Bruggink, Dean E. Beyer, Nathan J. Svoboda & Tyler R. Petroelje
Infanticide occurs in a variety of animal species and infanticide risk has large implications for the evolution of behavior. Further, the sex hypothesis of sexual segregation predicts that for species in which infanticide occurs, females with dependent young will avoid males to reduce risk of sexually-selected infanticide. Infanticide risk-avoidance behavior has been studied primarily in social species, but also occurs in some solitary species. We used generalized linear mixed models to determine if space use...

Data from: Signals of heterogeneous selection at an MHC locus in geographically proximate ecotypes of sockeye salmon

Wesley A. Larson, James E. Seeb, Tyler H. Dann, Daniel E. Schindler & Lisa W. Seeb
The genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are an important component of the vertebrate immune system and can provide insights into the role of pathogen-mediated selection in wild populations. Here we examined variation at the MHC class II peptide binding region in 27 populations of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), distributed among three distinct spawning ecotypes, from a complex of interconnected rivers and lakes in southwestern Alaska. We also obtained genotypes from 90 putatively neutral...

Data from: Fine-scale sampling reveals distinct isolation by distance patterns in chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) populations occupying a glacially dynamic environment

Eleni L. Petrou, James E. Seeb, Lorenz Hauser, Mark J. Witteveen, William D. Templin, Lisa W. Seeb, E. L. Petrou, J. E. Seeb, L. Hauser, L. W. Seeb, M. J. Witteveen & W. D. Templin
Populations with spatially restricted gene flow are characterized by genetic differentiation that may be positively correlated with the geographic distance separating populations, a pattern known as isolation by distance (IBD). Here we examined the fine-scale genetic structure of 66 chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) populations spawning in Alaska waterways and explored patterns of IBD using 90 nuclear and 3 mitochondrial single nucleotide polymorphisms. Estimating population structure of chum salmon in Alaska is of increasing concern because...

Data from: Genotyping by sequencing resolves shallow population structure to inform conservation of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Wesley A. Larson, Lisa W. Seeb, Meredith V. Everett, Ryan K. Waples, William D. Templin & James E. Seeb
Recent advances in population genomics have made it possible to detect previously unidentified structure, obtain more accurate estimates of demographic parameters, and explore adaptive divergence, potentially revolutionizing the way genetic data are used to manage wild populations. Here, we identified 10 944 single-nucleotide polymorphisms using restriction-site-associated DNA (RAD) sequencing to explore population structure, demography, and adaptive divergence in five populations of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) from western Alaska. Patterns of population structure were similar to...

Data from: Secondary contact and changes in coastal hydrology influence the nonequilibrium population structure of a salmonid (Oncorhynchus keta)

Eleni L. Petrou, Lorenz Hauser, Robin S. Waples, Jim E. Seeb, William D. Templin, Daniel Gomez-Uchida, Lisa W. Seeb, E. L. Petrou, L. Hauser, J. E. Seeb, D. Gomez-Uchida, L. W. Seeb, W. D. Templin & R. S. Waples
Numerous empirical studies have reported lack of migration–drift equilibrium in wild populations. Determining the causes of nonequilibrium population structure is challenging because different evolutionary processes acting at a variety of spatiotemporal scales can produce similar patterns. Studies of contemporary populations in northern latitudes suggest that nonequilibrium population structure is probably caused by recent colonization of the region after the last Pleistocene ice age ended ~13 000 years ago. The chum salmon's (Oncorhynchus keta) range was...

Data from: Landscape heterogeneity and local adaptation define the spatial genetic structure of Pacific salmon in a pristine environment

Michael W. Ackerman, William D. Templin, James E. Seeb & Lisa W. Seeb
Identifying the spatial distribution of genetic variation across the landscape is an essential step in informing species conservation. Comparison of closely related and geographically overlapping species can be particularly useful in cases where landscape may similarly influence genetic structure. Congruent patterns among species highlight the importance that landscape heterogeneity plays in determining genetic structure whereas contrasting patterns emphasize differences in species-specific ecology and life-history or the importance of species-specific adaptation to local environments. We examined...

Data from: Number of alleles as a predictor of the relative assignment accuracy of STR and SNP baselines for chum salmon

Christian T. Smith & Lisa W. Seeb
Short tandem repeat (STR) markers, which exhibit many alleles per locus, are commonly used to assign fish to their populations of origin. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which have many technical advantages over STRs, typically exhibit only two alleles per locus. Simulation studies have indicated that number of independent alleles is a good predictor of accuracy of genetic markers for fishery applications. Extant STR baselines for salmon contain hundreds of alleles, and it has been extrapolated...

Data from: Spatial variability in size at maturity of golden king crab (Lithodes aequispinus) and implications for fisheries management

Andrew P. Olson, Chris E. Siddon, Ginny L. Eckert, G. L. Eckert, A. P. Olson & C. E. Siddon
Many crab fisheries around the world are managed by size, sex and season, where males are given at least one opportunity to reproduce before being harvested. Golden king crab (Lithodes aequispinus) supports a commercial fishery in Southeast Alaska and legal size is based on growth and maturity information from other parts of their range. Size at maturity estimates varied for crabs among seven management areas in Southeast Alaska, where male maturity estimates increased in size...

Data from: Spatio-temporal models reveal subtle changes to demersal communities following the Exxon Valdez oil spill

Andrew O. Shelton, Mary E. Hunsicker, Eric J. Ward, Blake E. Feist, Rachael Blake, Colette L. Ward, Benjamin C. Williams, Janet T. Duffy-Anderson, Anne B. Hollowed, Alan C. Haynie, Andrew O Shelton, Eric J Ward, Blake E Feist, Mary E Hunsicker, Janet T Duffy-Anderson, Anne B Hollowed, Alan C Haynie, Benjamin C Williams & Colette L Ward
Toxic pollutants such as crude oil have direct negative effects for a wide array of marine life. While mortality from acute exposure to oil is obvious, sub-lethal consequences of exposure to petroleum derivatives for growth and reproduction are less evident and sub-lethal effects in fish populations are obscured by natural environmental variation, fishing, and measurement error. We use fisheries independent surveys in the Gulf of Alaska to examine the consequences of the 1989 Exxon Valdez...

Data from: Potentially adaptive mitochondrial haplotypes as a tool to identify divergent nuclear loci

Michael R. Garvin, William D. Templin, Anthony J. Gharrett, Nick DeCovich, Christine M. Kondzela, Jeffrey R. Guyon & Megan V. McPhee
1. Genetic tools are commonly used for conservation and management of at-risk species. Individuals are often sampled from mixtures composed of many populations, which creates a need to assign individuals to their source. This can be problematic when the genetic divergence among source populations is weak but can be improved using adaptive genetic loci, which should show stronger levels of divergence. 2. We previously reported a signature of positive selection in the mitochondrial-encoded ND5 subunit...

Data from: Becoming pure: identifying generational classes of admixed individuals within lesser and greater scaup populations

Philip Lavretsky, Jeffrey Peters, Kevin Winker, Volker Bahn, Irina Kulikova, Yuri Zhuravlev, Robert Wilson, Christopher Barger, Kirsty Gurney, Kevin McCracken, Jeffrey L. Peters, Chris Barger & Kevin G. McCracken
Estimating the frequency of hybridization is important to understand its evolutionary consequences and its effects on conservation efforts. In this study, we examined the extent of hybridization in two sister species of ducks that hybridize. We used mitochondrial control region sequences and 3,589 double-digest restriction-associated DNA sequences (ddRADseq) to identify admixture between wild lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) and greater scaup (A. marila). Among 111 individuals, we found one introgressed mitochondrial DNA haplotype in lesser scaup...

Data from: Habitat selection predicts genetic relatedness in an alpine ungulate

Aaron B. A. Shafer, Joseph M. Northrup, Kevin S. White, Mark S. Boyce, Steeve D. Côté & David W. Coltman
Landscape heterogeneity plays an integral role in shaping ecological and evolutionary processes. Despite links between the two disciplines, ecologists and population geneticists have taken different approaches to evaluating habitat selection, animal movement, and gene flow across the landscape. Ecologists commonly use statistical models such as resource selection functions (RSFs) to identify habitat features disproportionately selected by animals, while population genetic approaches model genetic differentiation according to the distribution of habitat variables. We combined ecological and...

Data from: Natal and breeding philopatry of female Steller sea lions in southeastern Alaska

Kelly K. Hastings, Lauri A. Jemison, Grey W. Pendleton, Kimberly L. Raum-Suryan & Kenneth W. Pitcher
Information on drivers of dispersal is critical for wildlife conservation but is rare for long-lived marine mammal species with large geographic ranges. We fit multi-state mark-recapture models to resighting data of 369 known-aged Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) females marked as pups on their natal rookeries in southeastern Alaska from 1994-2005 and monitored from 2001-15. We estimated probabilities of females being first observed parous at their natal site (natal philopatry), and of not moving breeding...

Data from: Migratory culture, population structure and stock identity in North Pacific beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas)

Greg O'Corry-Crowe, Robert Suydam, Lori Quakenbush, Brooke Potgieter, Lois Harwood, Dennis Litovka, Tatiana Ferrer, John Citta, Vladimir Burkanov, Kathy Frost, Barbara Mahoney & Greg O’Corry-Crowe
The annual return of beluga whales, Delphinapterus leucas, to traditional seasonal locations across the Arctic may involve migratory culture, while the convergence of discrete summering aggregations on common wintering grounds may facilitate outbreeding. Natal philopatry and cultural inheritance, however, has been difficult to assess as earlier studies were of too short a duration, while genetic analyses of breeding patterns, especially across the beluga's Pacific range, have been hampered by inadequate sampling and sparse information on...

Data from: A genetic discontinuity in moose (Alces alces) in Alaska corresponds with fenced transportation infrastructure

Robert E. Wilson, Sean D. Farley, Thomas J. McDonough, Sandra L. Talbot & Perry S. Barboza
The strength and arrangement of movement barriers can impact the connectivity among habitat patches. Anthropogenic barriers (e.g. roads) are a source of habitat fragmentation that can disrupt these resource networks and can have an influence on the spatial genetic structure of populations. Using microsatellite data, we evaluated whether observed genetic structure of moose (Alces alces) populations were associated with human activities (e.g. roads) in the urban habitat of Anchorage and rural habitat on the Kenai...

Data from: Interactions between demography, genetics, and landscape connectivity increase extinction probability for a small population of large carnivores in a major metropolitan area

John F. Benson, Peter J. Mahoney, Jeff A. Sikich, Laurel E.K. Serieys, John P. Pollinger, Holly B. Ernest, Seth P.D. Riley, Laurel E. K. Serieys & Seth P. D. Riley
The extinction vortex is a theoretical model describing the process by which extinction risk is elevated in small, isolated populations owing to interactions between environmental, demographic, and genetic factors. However, empirical demonstrations of these interactions have been elusive. We modelled the dynamics of a small mountain lion population isolated by anthropogenic barriers in greater Los Angeles, California, to evaluate the influence of demographic, genetic, and landscape factors on extinction probability. The population exhibited strong survival...

Data from: Phylogeographic structure and deep lineage diversification of the red alga Chondrus ocellatus Holmes in the Northwest Pacific

Zi-Min Hu, Jing-Jing Li, Zhong-Min Sun, Jung-Hyun Oak, Jie Zhang, Pablo Fresia, W. Stewart Grant & De-Lin Duan
A major goal of phylogeographic analysis using molecular markers is to understand the ecological and historical variables that influence genetic diversity within a species. Here, we used sequences of the mitochondrial Cox1 gene and nuclear internal transcribed spacer to reconstruct its phylogeography and demographic history of the intertidal red seaweed Chondrus ocellatus over most of its geographical range in the Northwest Pacific. We found three deeply separated lineages A, B and C, which diverged from...

Data from: Potential of environmental DNA to evaluate Northern pike (Esox lucius) eradication efforts: an experimental test and case study

Kristine J. Dunker, Adam J. Sepulveda, Robert L. Massengill, Jeffrey B. Olsen, Ora L. Russ, John K. Wenburg & Anton Antonovich
Determining the success of invasive species eradication efforts is challenging because populations at very low abundance are difficult to detect. Environmental DNA (eDNA) sampling has recently emerged as a powerful tool for detecting rare aquatic animals; however, detectable fragments of DNA can persist over time despite absence of the targeted taxa and can therefore complicate eDNA sampling after an eradication event. This complication is a large concern for fish eradication efforts in lakes since killed...

Data from: Biocomplexity in populations of European anchovy in the Adriatic Sea

Paolo Ruggeri, Andrea Splendiani, Giulia Occhipinti, Tatiana Fioravanti, Alberto Santojanni, Iole Leonori, Andrea De Felice, Enrico Arneri, Gabriele Procaccini, Gaetano Catanese, Vjekoslav Tičina, Angelo Bonanno, Paola Nisi Cerioni, Massimo Giovannotti, William S. Grant, Vincenzo Maputo Barucchi, Vincenzo Caputo Barucchi & William Stewart Grant
The sustained exploitation of marine populations requires an understanding of a species' adaptive seascape so that populations can track environmental changes from short- and long-term climate cycles and from human development. The analysis of the distributions of genetic markers among populations, together with correlates of life-history and environmental variability, can provide insights into the extent of adaptive variation. Here, we examined genetic variability among populations of mature European anchovies (n = 531) in the Adriatic...

Data from: Genetic profiling links changing sea-ice to shifting beluga whale migration patterns

Gregory O'Corry-Crowe, Andrew R. Mahoney, Robert Suydam, Lori Quakenbush, Alex Whiting, Lloyd Lowry, Lois Harwood & Greg O'Corry-Crowe
There is increasing concern over how Arctic fauna will adapt to climate related changes in sea-ice. We used long-term sighting and genetic data on beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in conjunction with multi-decadal patterns of sea-ice in the Pacific Arctic to investigate the influence of sea-ice on spring migration and summer residency patterns. Substantial variations in sea-ice conditions were detected across seasons, years and sub-regions, revealing ice–ocean dynamics more complex than Arctic-wide trends suggest. This variation...

Data from: Survival of adult Steller sea lions in Alaska: senescence, annual variation and covariation with male reproductive success

Kelly Hastings, Lauri Jemison, Grey Pendleton, Kelly K. Hastings, Lauri A. Jemison & Grey W. Pendleton
Population dynamics of long-lived vertebrates depend critically on adult survival, yet factors affecting survival and covariation between survival and other vital rates in adults remain poorly examined for many taxonomic groups of long-lived mammals (e.g. actuarial senescence has been examined for only 9 of 34 extant pinniped species using longitudinal data). We used mark-recapture models and data from 2,795 Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups individually-marked at 4 of 5 rookeries in southeastern Alaska (SEAK)...

Data from: Comparative landscape genetic analysis of three Pacific salmon species from subarctic North America

Jeffrey B. Olsen, Penelope A. Crane, Blair G. Flannery, Karen Dunmall, William D. Templin & John K. Wenburg
We examined the assumption that landscape heterogeneity similarly influences the spatial distribution of genetic diversity in closely related and geographically overlapping species. Accordingly, we evaluated the influence of watershed affiliation and nine habitat variables from four categories (spatial isolation, habitat size, climate, and ecology) on population divergence in three species of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, O. kisutch, and O. keta) from three contiguous watersheds in subarctic North America. By incorporating spatial data we found that...

Data from: Crossing to safety: Dispersal, colonization and mate choice in evolutionarily distinct populations of Steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus.

Gregory O’Corry-Crowe, Tom Gelatt, Lorrie Rea, Carolina Bonin, Michael Rehberg & Greg O'Corry-Crowe
Population growth typically involves range expansion and establishment of new breeding sites, while the opposite occurs during declines. Although density-dependence is widely invoked in theoretical studies of emigration and colonization in expanding populations, few empirical studies have documented the mechanisms. Still fewer have documented the direction and mechanisms of individual transfer in declining populations. Here we screen large numbers of pups sampled on their natal rookeries for variation in mtDNA (n=1,106) and 16 microsatellite loci...

Data from: Evidence for interannual variation in genetic structure of Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) along the California Current System

Tyler M. Jackson, G. Curtis Roegner & Kathleen G. O'Malley
Using a combination of population- and individual-based analytical approaches, we provide a comprehensive examination of genetic connectivity of Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) along ~1,200 km of the California Current System (CCS). We sampled individuals at 33 sites in 2012 to establish a baseline of genetic diversity and hierarchal population genetic structure, and then assessed inter-annual variability in our estimates by sampling again in 2014. Genetic diversity showed little variation among sites or across years. In...

Registration Year

  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019
  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Alaska Department of Fish and Game
  • University of Washington
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • National Marine Fisheries Service
  • Alaska Fisheries Science Center
  • University of Alaska System
  • Florida Atlantic University
  • Oregon State University
  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Northwest Fisheries Science Center
  • Utah State University
  • University of California System
  • Michigan Department of Natural Resources
  • Marche Polytechnic University
  • Alaska SeaLife Center