27 Works

How long is 3 kilometres for a butterfly? Ecological constraints and functional traits explain high mitochondrial genetic diversity between Sicily and the Italian Peninsula

Leonardo Dapporto
1. Populations inhabiting Mediterranean islands often show contrasting genetic lineages, even on islands that were connected to the mainland during glacial maxima. This pattern is generated by forces acting in historical and contemporary times. Understanding these phenomena requires comparative studies relating genetic structure, functional traits and dispersal constraints. 2. Using as a model the butterfly species living across the Messina strait separating Sicily from the Italian Peninsula (3 km wide), we aimed to unravel the...

Oxford Brookes Poetry Centre Podcast: Mariah Whelan talks to Niall Munro

Mariah Whelan & Niall Munro
Oxford Brookes Poetry Centre Podcast: Mariah Whelan talks to Niall Munro about her novel-in-sonnets, the love i do to you

Volume 18, Issue 1

Oxford Brookes University
Volume 18, Issue 1 (2020) of the International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring (ISSN 1741-8305, DOI 10.24384/IJEBCM)

Editorial

Elaine Cox
Editorial of Volume 18, Issue 1 (2020) of the International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring

Mobility and Mentoring: Supporting Socialisation in International Service Firms

Judie M. Gannon
Mentoring is often identified as a flexible practice that supports the socialisation of newcomers. Within international organisations high levels of managerial mobility creates specific issues in relation to expectations of serial socialisation. This article explores the forms of mentoring which Human Resource Management (HRM) executives’ advocate to help socialise managers in an international industry. In-depth interviews were utilised to identify the ways in which mentoring is used formally and informally to support the socialisation of...

Data on flight-induced maternal effects and offspring performance on drought stressed plants in the Speckled Wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria

M. Gibbs, H. Van Dyck & C. Breuker
This dataset contains maternal reproductive output data, embryonic development data and offspring performance data for the Speckled Wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria. The data were collected from a laboratory experiment testing the hypothesis that repeat periods of intensive flight during female oviposition affects egg provisioning and reduces offspring performance when larval development occurs on drought stressed host plants. The experiment involved stimulating female butterflies to fly for 5 minutes for 3 periods during oviposition; removing eggs...

Life history, wing morphology and reproductive output of Pararge aegeria L. on drought stressed host plants

M. Gibbs, H. Van Dyck & C. J. Breuker
This dataset contains information on life history, wing morphological and reproductive traits of Pararge aegeria (L.). The data was collected from an eco-evolutionary study examining how male and female Pararge aegeria from woodland and agricultural landscape populations were affected by development on drought stressed host plants. The data of life history cover total development time and sex of the studied species. The data of wing morphology include total development time, sex, wing loading, the mean...

Meeting of the waters = Cruinnú na n-Uiscí

Kelly Deirdre, Megan Holly Burns & Gerard Helmich
Artistic representation featuring the Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea and the North Channel in the centre splitting up the landmass of Ireland. Physical Description: 1 map : colour ; 179 x 21 cm, folded in cover to 11 x 22 cm Cartographic: Scale not given (W 10°35'00"--W 5°25'00"/N 55°23'00"--N 51°25'00").

Homo sapiens

Gerard Helmich
3D model of a human (Homo sapiens) skull

Interprofessional education in geriatric medicine: towards best practice. A controlled before-after study of medical and nursing student attitudes

Sanja Thompson, Kiloran Metcalfe, Katy Boncey, Clair Merriman, Lorna Flynn, Gaggandeep Singh Alg, Harriet Bothwell, Carol Forde-Forde-Johnston, Elizabeth Puffett, Caroline Hardy, Liz Wright & James Beale
Objectives To investigate nursing and medical students’ readiness for interprofessional learning before and after implementing geriatric Interprofessional education (IPE), based on interactive case scenarios Problem Based Learning (PBL). To determine optimal number of geriatric IPE sessions, the size and the ratio of participants in the learner groups, the outcomes related to the Kirkpatrick four-level typology of learning evaluation, students’ concerns about joint learning, perception of roles of the “other” profession and students choice of topic....

Data from: Evolution of eye morphology and rhodopsin expression in the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup

Nico Posnien, Corinna Hopfen, Maarten Hilbrant, Margarita Ramos-Womack, Sophie Murat, Anna Schönauer, Samantha L. Herbert, Maria D. S. Nunes, Saad Arif, Casper J. Breuker, Christian Schlötterer, Philipp Mitteroeker, Alistair P. McGregor & Philipp Mitteroecker
A striking diversity of compound eye size and shape has evolved among insects. The number of ommatidia and their size are major determinants of the visual sensitivity and acuity of the compound eye. Each ommatidium is composed of eight photoreceptor cells that facilitate the discrimination of different colours via the expression of various light sensitive Rhodopsin proteins. It follows that variation in eye size, shape, and opsin composition is likely to directly influence vision. We...

Data from: Cooperative breeding favours maternal investment in size over number of eggs in spiders

Lena Grinsted, Casper Johannes Breuker, Trine Bilde & Casper J. Breuker
The transition to cooperative breeding may alter maternal investment strategies depending on density of breeders, extent of reproductive skew and allo-maternal care. Change in optimal investment from solitary to cooperative breeding can be investigated by comparing social species with non-social congeners. We tested two hypotheses in a mainly semelparous system: that social, cooperative breeders, compared to subsocial, solitarily breeding congeners, 1) lay fewer and larger eggs because larger offspring compete better for limited resources and...

Drs of Mentoring Podcast 2

J.M. Gannon
In the second podcast of the series we explore the importance of understanding the purpose of mentoring schemes.

Data from: Genetic architecture and functional characterization of genes underlying the rapid diversification of male external genitalia between Drosophila simulans and Drosophila mauritiana

Kentaro M. Tanaka, Corinna Hopfen, Matthew R. Herbert, Christian Schlötterer, David L. Stern, John P. Masly, Alistair P. McGregor, Maria D. S. Nunes, J. P. Masly, D. L. Stern, K. M. Tanaka, M. R. Herbert, A. P. McGregor & M. D. S. Nunes
Male sexual characters are often among the first traits to diverge between closely related species and identifying the genetic basis of such changes can contribute to our understanding of their evolutionary history. However, little is known about the genetic architecture or the specific genes underlying the evolution of male genitalia. The morphology of the claspers, posterior lobes and anal plates exhibit striking differences between Drosophila mauritiana and Drosophila simulans. Using QTL and introgression-based high-resolution mapping,...

Data from: Reproductive isolation and patterns of genetic differentiation in a cryptic butterfly species complex

Vlad Dincă, Christer Wiklund, Vladimir A. Lukhtanov, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Karin Norén, Leonardo Dapporto, Niklas Wahlberg, Roger Vila & Magne Friberg
Molecular studies of natural populations are often designed to detect and categorize hidden layers of cryptic diversity, and an emerging pattern suggests that cryptic species are more common and more widely distributed than previously thought. However, these studies are often decoupled from ecological and behavioural studies of species divergence. Thus, the mechanisms by which the cryptic diversity is distributed and maintained across large spatial scales are often unknown. In 1988, it was discovered that the...

Data from: Optimising trait and source selection for explaining occurrence and abundance changes: a case study using British Butterflies

Joe Middleton Welling, Rachel A. Wade, Roger L. H. Dennis, Leonardo Dapporto, Tim G. Shreeve & Joe Middleton-Welling
Functional traits that define the ecological role of an organism are increasingly being used to determine and predict responses to environmental change. Functional trait analyses of butterflies remain underexplored compared with other taxa, such as plants. Previous works using butterfly functional traits have not comprehensively addressed issues about the quality of trait data sets used and the relative predictive power of different trait types. We compare the consistency of trait descriptions between six widely used...

Data from: Evolution of mir-92a underlies natural morphological variation in Drosophila melanogaster

Saad Arif, Sophie Murat, Isabel Almudi, Maria D. S. Nunes, Diane Bortolamiol-Becet, Naomi S. McGregor, James M. S. Currie, Harri Hughes, Matthew Ronshaugen, Élio Sucena, Eric C. Lai, Christian Schlötterer & Alistair P. McGregor
eworoRL514BC_QTLPhenotype and genotype data for QTL mapping between strains e, wo, ro and RAL514.eworoRL514BC.xlsstsse_ORER_QTL_mapMap information for QTL mapping between strains st, ss, e and oregon R.ssste_ORER_QTL_crossCross information for QTL mapping between strains st, ss, e and oregon R.

Drs of Mentoring Podcast 1

JM Gannon & R Washington
This is the first in the series of podcasts by the Drs of Mentoring. We're part of the STAMINa Mentoring Network and the podcasts are based upon the research we undertake on formal mentoringschemes and their management. These podcasts aim to share our research and support mentoring scheme coordinators.

In-use energy performance study for automated smart homes

Kat Kelly, P. Sassi & J. MIles

Data for Coordinating movement in a novel pedalo task: a comparison of children with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder

Kate Wilmut, Shan Wang & Anna Barnett
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have been shown to have clearly different coordination patterns compared to their typically developing counterparts. However, it is unclear whether some of these factors are driven by the fact that typically developing children tend to be more skilled at the task on which coordination is being measured. The current study used a novel pedalo task to measure coordination in order to eliminate the difference in prelearned skill. Twenty eight...

The Appointment and Removal of the Head of Government of the Kiribati Republic

Peter W Edge, Jennifer Corrin & Claire de Than
This report examines the unique arrangements for the appointment and removal of the President of the Pacific state of Kiribati, in the context of political, historical and social factors. It outlines the potential for similar mechanisms to be introduced in the Isle of Man, while remaining aware of the significance of the constitutional, geographical and cultural differences between the two jurisdictions. The report concludes that the dual effect of a vote of no confidence in...

The role of anxiety on perceptual and action tasks: to spring or to step

Kate Wilmut & Sophie Harris
Emotional state and in particular anxiety has been shown to constrain perceptual judgement of action capabilities. However, whether anxiety also constrains actual behaviour is unknown. The current study therefore aimed to determine whether state anxiety constrained perceptual judgements of action capabilities and actual behaviour. Participants made perceptual judgements and performed action behaviours in relation to crossing ground-based apertures representing puddles. State anxiety was measured in 30 participants using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The critical...

The Avant-Gardes and Speculative Technology (AGAST) Project: ARC-T Reading Machine Research, Session 1

Eric White & John Twycross
This record contains the captured audio/video interactions of the AGAST project team members, with members of the general public, and the public's engagement with the topic of research. Investigation into past reading technology, while speculating how emerging technology might affect how the public interacts with reading in the future, is the intended focus of the collected data. Public exposure to previously unheard of reading technologies resulted in members of the public thinking and conveying thoughts...

The Avant-Gardes and Speculative Technology (AGAST) Project: ARC-T Reading Machine Research, Session 2

Eric White & John Twycross
This record contains the captured audio/video interactions of the AGAST project team members, with members of the general public, and the public's engagement with the topic of research. Investigation into past reading technology, while speculating how emerging technology might affect how the public interacts with reading in the future, is the intended focus of the collected data. Public exposure to previously unheard of reading technologies resulted in members of the public thinking and conveying thoughts...

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