76 Works

Predicting foraging dive outcomes in chinstrap penguins using biologging and animal-borne cameras

Fabrizio Manco, Stephen Lang & Philip Trathan
Direct observation of foraging behavior is not always possible, especially for marine species that hunt below the surface. However, biologging and tracking devices in particular have provided very detailed information about how various species use their habitat. From these indirect observations, researchers have tried to infer foraging and prey catching events for a more accurate definition of these species’ ecological niches. In this study, we deployed video cameras in addition to GPS and time-depth recorders...

3. Sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673

Jon Melton
TypeThursday London (in Cambridge) 09 May 2019
Symposium and Type Design Critique


Sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673
Practice-based historical research is utilized within the production of an alphabet of letterforms which explore the context for sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673. The limited published history and original (primary source) examples on post, were studied within the production of an experimental digital typeface of the date-stamp glyphs. This initial font is...

3. Sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673

Jon Melton
TypeThursday London (in Cambridge) 09 May 2019
Symposium and Type Design Critique


Sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673
Practice-based historical research is utilized within the production of an alphabet of letterforms which explore the context for sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673. The limited published history and original (primary source) examples on post, were studied within the production of an experimental digital typeface of the date-stamp glyphs. This initial font is...

Piranesi's Initials - Information Graphic

Jon Melton
Piranesi's Initials - Information Graphic
Research Type Specimens

(Type specimens are defined as typographic design that showcases a typeface design and its use. Information graphics can in this case, both justify and explain the context for a new type design.)
These Initial forms were revived into an information graphic diagram to explain the content of Piranes’s letterform ‘beliefs’ within the Graeco-Roman debate. This graphic explains Giovanni Battista Piranesi’s plate 41 Fig. II and III of Le Antichità Romane....

3a. Bishop Sans - Type Specimen

Jon Melton
Bishop Sans - Type Specimen
Posted Letter Photograph: Jon Melton

Bishop Marks Abstract:
Date Stamps on posted letters were first introduced in April of 1661 by Britain’s first Postmaster-General Henry Bishop to counteract accusations of unwarranted delays and profiteering by unscrupulous employees of the postal service belonging to The Crown. All letters in England and Wales were locally town-stamped and were sent via London, or Edinburgh in Scotland and Dublin in...

Complex Systems modelling to plan a Sustainable Future

Ilaria Perissi
In this short video (10 minutes), Dr Ilaria Perissi tries to respond to the following questions:
What is modelling? How do climate scientists do it? Why should we listen to models? Can models predict the future?
Models can help work out what has caused observed climate warming in the past and how big a role natural factors play compared to human factors. Scientists run many different experiments to model climates of the past,...

Soane Sans Caps - Type Specimen

Jon Melton
Soane Sans Caps - Type Specimen
Photograph: Jon Melton
1 of 2 Research Type Specimens
(Type specimens are defined as typographic designs that showcase a typeface design, its context and use.)
The Soane Sans Capitals were revived from observed drawings and photographs of the Lodges at Langley Park in Norfolk - from what is likely the earliest extant example of a Soane inscription. Their distinctive bold modelling and subtle curl to the ‘J’ which respects the classical Latin alphabet...

5c. ETRVSCA Sans - Font Typeface and Type Specimens

Jon Melton
ETRVSCA Sans - The Primal 18th Century Sans
This practice-based historical research identifies the architect John Soane’s inspiration and model for his serif-less letterforms deployed as titling on drawings and as proposed inscriptions throughout the last quarter of the eighteen-century. This typography revived the primitive letterforms of Republican Rome and earlier pre-roman serif-less alphabets of the Etruscans and the Greeks.
Archival material, period books and antique print engravings were studied to provide the...

5b. Soane Sans U&lc - Type Specimen

Jon Melton
Soane Sans U&lc - Type Specimen
Photograph: Jon Melton, emfoundry.com
2 of 2 Research Type specimens
(Type specimens are defined as typographic designs that showcase a typeface design, its context and use.)
The Soane Sans lower-case were derived from the 'soanean' inscriptional capitals found on the Gate-house Lodges at Langley Park in Norfolk - from what is likely the earliest surviving extant example of a Soane serif-less inscription. Their distinctive bold...

Data from: Anthropogenic noise disrupts mate searching in Gryllus bimaculatus

Adam M. Bent, Thomas C. Ings & Sophie L. Mowles
Many animals use acoustic communication as a means of sending important biological information, such as their location, to potential receivers. However, anthropogenic noise is known to affect the ability of some species to either produce or receive signals, which may influence their reproductive success. In this study, we investigate the effect of anthropogenic noise on the mate searching behaviors of the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. To accomplish this, phonotaxis trials were conducted with female field...

Is mere exposure enough? the effects of bilingual environments on infant cognitive development

Dean D'Souza, Daniel Brady, Jennifer Haensel & Hana D'Souza
Bilinguals purportedly outperform monolinguals in nonverbal tasks of cognitive control (the ‘bilingual advantage’). The most common explanation is that managing two languages during language production constantly draws upon, and thus strengthens, domain general inhibitory mechanisms (Green, 1998). However, this theory cannot explain why a bilingual advantage has been found in preverbal infants (Kovacs & Mehler, 2009). An alternative explanation is needed. We propose that exposure to more varied, less predictable (language) environments drive infants to...

A large-scale assessment of plant dispersal mode and seed traits across human-modified Amazonian forests

Joseph Hawes, Ima Vieira, Luiz Magnago, Erika Berenguer, Joice Ferreira, Luiz Aragão, Amanda Cardoso, Alexander Lees, Gareth Lennox, Joseph Tobias, Anthony Waldron & Jos Barlow
1. Quantifying the impact of habitat disturbance on ecosystem function is critical for understanding and predicting the future of tropical forests. Many studies have examined post-disturbance changes in animal traits related to mutualistic interactions with plants, but the effect of disturbance on plant traits in diverse forests has received much less attention. 2. Focusing on two study regions in the eastern Brazilian Amazon, we used a trait-based approach to examine how seed dispersal functionality within...

Learning to Live Differently in Lockdown

Hazel Wright

2a. Piranesi's Initials - Type Specimen

Jon Melton
Piranesi's Initials - Type Specimen
Research Type specimens

(Type specimens are defined as typographic design that showcases a typeface design and its use.)
These Initial letters were revived directly from an original engraving by Giovanni Battista Piranesi’s of plate 41 Fig. II and III from Le Antichità Romane of 1756, and their design was extended to include all 26 Capitals. Including a specific ‘G’ that reflects the Roman creation of the letter...

ETRVSCA Sans - Font Typeface and Type Specimens

Jon Melton
ETRVSCA Sans - The Primal 18th Century Sans
This practice-based historical research identifies the architect John Soane’s inspiration and model for his serif-less letterforms deployed as titling on drawings and as proposed inscriptions throughout the last quarter of the eighteen-century. This typography revived the primitive letterforms of Republican Rome and earlier pre-roman serif-less alphabets of the Etruscans and the Greeks.
Archival material, period books and antique print engravings were studied to provide the platform to revive a...

3b. Bishop Sans Full Type Specimen

Jon Melton
Sans serif Bishop Marks from 1673
Type Specimen text abstract:
Date Stamps on posted letters were first introduced in April of 1661 by Britain’s first 'Postmaster-General' Henry Bishop to counteract accusations of corruption, unwarranted delays and profiteering by unscrupulous employees of the postal service belonging to The Crown. All letters in England and Wales were locally town-stamped and were sent, sometimes ‘post-haste’, via London, or Edinburgh in Scotland and Dublin in Ireland; ready...

Soane Sans U&lc - Type Specimen

Jon Melton
Soane Sans U&lc - Type Specimen
Photograph: Jon Melton
2 of 2 Research Type specimens
(Type specimens are defined as typographic designs that showcase a typeface design, its context and use.)
The Soane Sans lower-case were derived from the inscriptional capitals found on the Lodges at Langley Park in Norfolk - from what is likely the earliest extant example of a Soane inscription. Their distinctive bold modelling has been utilised in extending the full character set of the font...

Summarising data and factors associated with COVID-19 related conspiracy theories in the first year of the pandemic: a systematic review and narrative synthesis

Konstantinos Tsamakis, Dimitrios Tsiptsios, Brendon Stubbs, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Christoph Mueller, Ayesha Ahmad, Andreas S. Triantafyllis, George Tsitsas & Elena Dragioti
Abstract Conspiracy theories can have particularly harmful effects by negatively shaping health-related behaviours. A significant number of COVID-19 specific conspiracy theories emerged in the immediate aftermath of the pandemic outbreak. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on conspiracy theories related to COVID-19 during the first year of the pandemic (2020), to identify their prevalence, their determinants and their public health consequences. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in PubMed...

Summarising data and factors associated with COVID-19 related conspiracy theories in the first year of the pandemic: a systematic review and narrative synthesis

Konstantinos Tsamakis, Dimitrios Tsiptsios, Brendon Stubbs, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Christoph Mueller, Ayesha Ahmad, Andreas S. Triantafyllis, George Tsitsas & Elena Dragioti
Abstract Conspiracy theories can have particularly harmful effects by negatively shaping health-related behaviours. A significant number of COVID-19 specific conspiracy theories emerged in the immediate aftermath of the pandemic outbreak. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on conspiracy theories related to COVID-19 during the first year of the pandemic (2020), to identify their prevalence, their determinants and their public health consequences. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in PubMed...

Additional file 1 of Summarising data and factors associated with COVID-19 related conspiracy theories in the first year of the pandemic: a systematic review and narrative synthesis

Konstantinos Tsamakis, Dimitrios Tsiptsios, Brendon Stubbs, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Christoph Mueller, Ayesha Ahmad, Andreas S. Triantafyllis, George Tsitsas & Elena Dragioti
Additional file 1. Supplementary Checklist 1; Supplementary Table 1: Quality assessment for quantitative studies based on the AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) checklist ; Supplementary Table 2: Quality assessment for qualitative studies based on the CASP (Qualitative Research Checklist, adapted from Horntvedt et al. [15]); Supplementary Box 1: Search strategies ; Supplementary Box 2: Excluded studies with reasons; Supplementary Table 3: Factors and correlations with conspiracy theories and beliefs per study

Ilg et al PLOSOne full dataset

Marcus Ilg
Dataset of data underlying results in PLOSOne study

Ilg et al PLOSOne full dataset

Marcus Ilg
Dataset of data underlying results in PLOSOne study

Mental health differences between multiracial and monoracial college students in the United States: Emerging racial disparities

Hans Oh, Jinyu Du, Lee Smith & Ai Koyanagi
Background:Multiracial individuals appear to be at higher risk for mental health problems; however, more research is needed to confirm these racial disparities among young adult college populations.Methods:We analyzed data from the Health Minds Study (N = 99728 young adult college students aged 18–34), collected online across 140 college campuses from September 2020 to June 2021. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine associations between multiracial identity and several mental health outcomes, including mental and behavioral...

Data from: Interspecific social networks promote information transmission in wild songbirds

Damien R. Farine, Lucy M. Aplin, Ben C. Sheldon & William Hoppitt
Understanding the functional links between social structure and population processes is a central aim of evolutionary ecology. Multiple types of interactions can be represented by networks drawn for the same population, such as kinship, dominance or affiliative networks, but the relative importance of alternative networks in modulating population processes may not be clear. We illustrate this problem, and a solution, by developing a framework for testing the importance of different types of association in facilitating...

Data from: Benefits and costs of ecological restoration: rapid assessment of changing ecosystem service values at a UK wetland

Francine M. R. Hughes, Kelvin S. H. Peh, Andrew Balmford, Rob H. Field, Anthony Lamb, Jennifer C. Birch, Richard B. Bradbury, Claire Brown, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Martin Lester, Ross Morrison, Isabel Sedgwick, Chris Soans, Alison J. Stattersfield, Peter A. Stroh, Ruth D. Swetnam, David H. L. Thomas, Matt Walpole, Stuart Warrington & Kelvin S.-H. Peh
Restoration of degraded land is recognized by the international community as an important way of enhancing both biodiversity and ecosystem services, but more information is needed about its costs and benefits. In Cambridgeshire, U.K., a long-term initiative to convert drained, intensively farmed arable land to a wetland habitat mosaic is driven by a desire both to prevent biodiversity loss from the nationally important Wicken Fen National Nature Reserve (Wicken Fen NNR) and to increase the...

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Affiliations

  • Anglia Ruskin University
    75
  • Linköping University
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  • Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental
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  • General Hospital of Athens G. Genimatas
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  • Capital Medical University
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  • South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust
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  • Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital
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  • University of Ioannina
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  • King's College London
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  • Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu
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