61 Works

Midsea - Mantle Investigation of the Deep Suture between Eurasia and Africa

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Four institutions decided to populate the Mediterranean region with more BB instruments in the same time period and call our collective experiments MIDSEA. ETH put out 12 stations in 5 countries, UNSA/CNRS put 6 stations in France and italy, CIW put 5 stations in the Azores, and INGV put 2 stations in Italy. Two of the ETH stations are available at Geofon (MELI) and Inst. of Catalan Studies (POBL, autodrm) data centers, respectively. The other...

Supplementary data 2: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. Table S1. Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours related to COVID-19 in full analysis sample.

Regional Invasive Species & Climate Change Management Challenge: Forest Pest Risk is Heating Up

Audrey Barker Plotkin, Meghan Graham MacLean, Cynthia Cheng, Elsa Cousins, Bianca Lopez & Ayodele O'uhuru

Data from: Delimitation of the new tribe Parartocarpeae (Moraceae) is supported by a 333- gene phylogeny and resolves tribal level Moraceae taxonomy

Nyree J. C. Zerega & Elliot M. Gardner
Here we describe the new tribe, Parartocarpeae, within the Moraceae (mulberry family). The tribe comprises two small Malesian genera, Parartocarpus and Hullettia, and brings the total number of Moraceae tribes to seven. Evidence for this new designation comes from a phylogeny based on 333 nuclear genes sequenced using target enrichment via hybridization (hybseq). Morphological characters that set Parartocarpeae apart from other Moraceae tribes include the combination of the following characters: lateral nonamplexicaul stipules, spirally arranged...

Data from: Network-targeted stimulation engages neurobehavioral hallmarks of age-related memory decline

Aneesha S. Nilakantan, M.-Marsel Mesulam, Sandra Weintraub, Erica L. Karp, Stephen VanHaerents & Joel L. Voss
Objective: To test whether targeting hippocampal-cortical brain networks with high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in older adults influences behavioral and neural measures characteristic of age-related memory impairment. Methods: Fifteen adults aged 64 – 80 years (mean = 72 years) completed a single-blind, sham-controlled experiment. Stimulation targets in parietal cortex were determined based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) connectivity with the hippocampus. Recollection and recognition memory were assessed after five consecutive daily sessions of full-intensity...

Neural, functional, and aesthetic impacts of spatially heterogeneous flicker: a potential role of natural flicker

Satoru Suzuki
Spatially heterogeneous flicker, characterized by probabilistic and locally independent luminance modulations, abounds in nature. It is generated by flames, water surfaces, rustling leaves, and so on, and it is pleasant to the senses. It affords spatiotemporal multistability that allows sensory activation conforming to the biases of the visual system, thereby generating the perception of spontaneous motion and likely facilitating the calibration of motion detectors. One may thus hypothesize that spatially heterogeneous flicker might potentially provide...

Data from: Aversion to playing God predicts negative moral judgments of technology and science

Adam Waytz & Liane Young
This research provides, to our knowledge, the first systematic empirical investigation of people's aversion to playing God. Seven studies validate this construct and show its association with negative moral judgements of science and technology. Motivated by three nationally representative archival datasets that demonstrate this relationship, studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that people condemn scientific procedures they perceive to involve playing God. Studies 3–5 demonstrate that dispositional aversion to playing God corresponds to decreased willingness to...

Data from: Social and ecological factors alter stress physiology of Virunga mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei)

Winnie Eckardt, Tara S. Stoinski, Stacy Rosenbaum & Rachel Santymie
Living in a rapidly changing environment can alter stress physiology at the population level, with negative impacts on health, reproductive rates, and mortality that may ultimately result in species decline. Small, isolated animal populations where genetic diversity is low are at particular risks, such as endangered Virunga mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Along with climate change‐associated environmental shifts that are affecting the entire population, subpopulations of the Virunga gorillas have recently experienced extreme changes in...

Social Interaction and Pain Threshold in Virtual Reality

Andrea Stevenson Won, Swati Pandita & Kaylee Payne Kruzan
This experiment examined the effects of social presence and perceived location of a virtual environment on participants’ pain thresholds in a pre-registered, within-subjects experiment. First, we examined the effects of social interaction vs being alone in a virtual environment. Second, we compared a virtual environment representing a remote location to a replication of the lab environment. While the "location" of the virtual environment did affect social presence, such that participants reported greater social presence with...

Data from: Evf2 lncRNA/BRG1/DLX1 interactions reveal RNA-dependent inhibition of chromatin remodeling

Ivelisse Cajigas, David E. Leib, Jesse Cochrane, Hao Luo, Kelsey R. Swyter, Sean Chen, Brain S. Clark, James Thompson, , Robert E. Kingston & Jhumku D. Kohtz
Transcription-regulating long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have the potential to control the site-specific expression of thousands of target genes. Previously, we showed that Evf2, the first described ultraconserved lncRNA, increases the association of transcriptional activators (DLX homeodomain proteins) with key DNA enhancers but represses gene expression. In this report, mass spectrometry shows that the Evf2-DLX1 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) contains the SWI/SNF-related chromatin remodelers Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1, SMARCA4) and Brahma-associated factor (BAF170, SMARCC2) in the developing mouse...

Data from: An ab initio electronic transport database for inorganic materials

Francesco Ricci, Wei Chen, Umut Aydemir, Jeffrey Snyder, Gian-Marco Rignanese, Anubhav Jain & Geoffroy Hautier
Electronic transport in materials is governed by a series of tensorial properties such as conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, and effective mass. These quantities are paramount to the understanding of materials in many fields from thermoelectrics to electronics and photovoltaics. Transport properties can be calculated from a material’s band structure using the Boltzmann transport theory framework. We present here the largest computational database of electronic transport properties based on a large set of 48,000 materials originating from...

Data from: Adaptation to random and systematic errors: Comparison of amputee and non-amputee control interfaces with varying levels of process noise

Reva E. Johnson, Konrad P. Kording, Levi J. Hargrove & Jonathon W. Sensinger
The objective of this study was to understand how people adapt to errors when using a myoelectric control interface. We compared adaptation across 1) non-amputee subjects using joint angle, joint torque, and myoelectric control interfaces, and 2) amputee subjects using myoelectric control interfaces with residual and intact limbs (five total control interface conditions). We measured trial-by-trial adaptation to self-generated errors and random perturbations during a virtual, single degree-of-freedom task with two levels of feedback uncertainty,...

Data from: Impact on offspring methylation patterns of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus and intrauterine growth restraint suggest common genes and pathways linked to subsequent type 2 diabetes risk

Claire R. Quilter, Wendy N. Cooper, Kerry M. Cliffe, Benjamin M. Skinner, Philippa M. Prentice, LaTasha Nelson, Julien Bauer, Ken K. Ong, Constância Miguel, William L. Lowe, Nabeel A. Affara & David B. Dunger
Size at birth, postnatal weight gain, and adult risk for type 2 diabetes may reflect environmental exposures during developmental plasticity and may be mediated by epigenetics. Both low birth weight (BW), as a marker of fetal growth restraint, and high birth weight (BW), especially after gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), have been linked to increased risk of adult type 2 diabetes. We assessed DNA methylation patterns using a bead chip in cord blood samples from infants...

Supplemental materials for: Implementation and evaluation of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) tool for neurology post-graduate trainees in Lusaka, Zambia

Rebecca DiBiase
Introduction: Despite the high burden of neurologic disease in Zambia, a low-middle income sub-Saharan African country of 18 million people, there are currently no Zambian neurologists. We established the first neurology residency program in Zambia at the University of Zambia School of Medicine and the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka. We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of a modified Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) to assess clinical skills. Program Description: The neurology training program began...

Seed size and capitulum position drive germination and dormancy responses to projected warming for the threatened dune endemic Cirsium pitcheri (Asteraceae)

Finote Gijsman & Pati Vitt
Among coastal plant species at risk from rapid environmental changes is the North American Great Lakes dune endemic Cirsium pitcheri. Despite being listed as federally threatened, little is known about how C. pitcheri seed attributes influence germination and dormancy-break patterns in the context of climate change. Following a previous work where we found differences in the number and weight of C. pitcheri seeds among capitulum positions and study sites, here we examine the effects of...

Variations in the Intensity and Spatial Extent of Tropical Cyclone Precipitation

Danielle Touma, Samantha Stevenson, Suzana Camargo, Daniel Horton & Noah Diffenbaugh
The intensity and spatial extent of tropical cyclone precipitation (TCP) often shapes the risk posed by landfalling storms. Here we provide a comprehensive climatology of landfalling TCP characteristics as a function of tropical cyclone strength, using daily precipitation station data and Atlantic US landfalling tropical cyclone tracks from 1900-2017. We analyze the intensity and spatial extent of ≥ 1 mm/day TCP (Z1) and ≥ 50 mm/day TCP (Z50). We show that the highest median intensity...

Resource competition shapes biological rhythms and promotes temporal niche differentiation in a community simulation

Vance Gao, Sara Morley-Fletcher, Stefania Maccari, Martha Vitaterna & Fred Turek
This is the code and dataset for the article entitled "Resource competition shapes biological rhythms and promotes temporal niche differentiation in a community simulation," in the journal Ecology and Evolution. Competition for resources often contributes strongly to defining an organism’s ecological niche. Endogenous biological rhythms are important adaptations to the temporal dimension of niches, but how other organisms influence such temporal niches have not been much studied, and the role of competition in particular has...

Neurological deterioration in patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack

Tai Hwan Park, Jeong-Kon Lee, Moo-Seok Park, Sang-Soon Park, Keun-Sik Hong, Wi-Sun Ryu, Dong-Eog Kim, Man Seok Park, Kang-Ho Choi, Joon-Tae Kim, Jihoon Kang, Beom Joon Kim, Moon-Ku Han, Jun Lee, Jae-Kwan Cha, Dae-Hyun Kim, Jae Guk Kim, Soo Joo Lee, Yong-Jin Cho, Jee-Hyun Kwon, Dong-Ick Shin, Min-Ju Yeo, Sung Il Sohn, Jeong-Ho Hong, Ji Sung Lee … & Hee-Joon Bae
Objective: To improve epidemiological knowledge of neurological deterioration (ND) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods: In this prospective observational study, we captured ND prospectively in 29,446 AIS patients admitted to 15 hospitals in Korea within 7 days of stroke onset. ND was defined as an increase in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥2 (total), or ≥1 (motor or consciousness), or any new neurological symptoms. Change of incidence rate after stroke...

Paralogs and off-target sequences improve phylogenetic resolution in a densely-sampled study of the breadfruit genus (Artocarpus, Moraceae)

Elliot Gardner, Matthew Johnson, Joan Pereira, Aida Shafreena Ahmad Puad, Deby Arifiani, Sahromi Sahromi, Norman Wickett & Nyree Zerega
We present a 517-gene phylogenetic framework for the breadfruit genus Artocarpus (ca. 70 spp., Moraceae), making use of silica-dried leaves from recent fieldwork and herbarium specimens (some up to 106 years old) to achieve 96% taxon sampling. We explore issues relating to assembly, paralogous loci, partitions, and analysis method to reconstruct a phylogeny that is robust to variation in data and available tools. While codon partitioning did not result in any substantial topological differences, the...

Emerging English Transitives over the Last Two Centuries

Liwen Hou & David Smith

Data from: Absolute axial growth and trunk segmentation in the early Cambrian trilobite Oryctocarella duyunensis

Tao Dia, Nigel Hughes, Xingliang Zhang, Giuseppe Fusco & Nigel Hughes
A short stratigraphic interval near Bulin in western Hunan (China) yields multiple specimens of the ~514 Ma old oryctocarine trilobite Oryctocarella duyunensis. Size data obtained from these specimens indicates that, from meraspid degree 1 onwards, degrees represent successive instars. Meraspid growth persisted until a terminal stage was reached, providing the first example of determinate growth in trilobites and, notably, in an early Cambrian species. The sample contains three varieties of such terminal stages, recognized as...

Plasmodium infection induces cross-reactive antibodies to carbohydrate epitopes on the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein

Sarah Lapidus, Feimei Liu, Arnau Casanovas-Massana, Yile Dai, John D. Huck, Carolina Lucas, Jon Klein, Renata B. Filler, Madison S. Strine, Mouhamad Sy, Awa B. Deme, Aida S. Badiane, Baba Dieye, Ibrahima Mbaye Ndiaye, Younous Diedhiou, Amadou Moctar Mbaye, Cheikh Tidiane Diagne, Inés Vigan-Womas, Alassane Mbengue, Bacary D. Sadio, Moussa M. Diagne, Adam J. Moore, Khadidiatou Mangou, Fatoumata Diallo, Seynabou D. Sene … & Amy K. Bei
Individuals with acute malaria infection generated high levels of antibodies that cross-react with the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein. Cross-reactive antibodies specifically recognized the sialic acid moiety on N-linked glycans of the Spike protein and do not neutralize in vitro SARS-CoV-2. Sero-surveillance is critical for monitoring and projecting disease burden and risk during the pandemic; however, routine use of Spike protein-based assays may overestimate SARS-CoV-2 exposure and population-level immunity in malaria-endemic countries.

Data from: Temporal scale-dependence of plant-pollinator networks

Benjamin Schwarz, Diego Vázquez, Paul CaraDonna, Tiffany Knight, Gita Benadi, Carsten Dormann, Benoit Gauzens, Elena Motivans, Julian Resasco, Nico Blüthgen, Laura Burkle, Qiang Fang, Christopher Kaiser-Bunbury, Ruben Alarcón, Justin Bain, Natacha Chacoff, Shuang-Quan Huang, Gretchen LeBuhn, Molly MacLeod, Theodora Petanidou, Claus Rasmussen, Michael Simanonok, Amibeth Thompson, Daniel Cariveau, Michael Roswell … & Jochen Fründ
The study of mutualistic interaction networks has led to valuable insights into ecological and evolutionary processes. However, our understanding of network structure may depend upon the temporal scale at which we sample and analyze network data. To date, we lack a comprehensive assessment of the temporal scale-dependence of network structure across a wide range of temporal scales and geographic locations. If network structure is temporally scale-dependent, networks constructed over different temporal scales may provide very...

Concerning the Spectacular Austerities

Brian Bouldrey

Conceptual, anthropological and cognitive issues surrounding religious experience. An interview with Ann Taves.

Ann Taves, Martin Fortier & Maddalena Canna
Cognitive Sciences of Religion scholar Ann Taves is the proponent of a ground-breaking building block approach (BBA) to religious experience. According to Taves, religious experience can be disaggregated into fundamental, constitutive components. Philosopher Martin Fortier and anthropologist Maddalena Canna explore the conceptual, anthropological and cognitive aspects of the foundations of religion, as disaggregated by Taves. In her analyses of the cognitive underpinnings of religion, Taves adopts a Predictive Coding Framework (PCF). The compatibility between PCF...

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