3 Works

Data from: Temporal structure of human gaze dynamics is invariant during free viewing

Colleen A. Marlow, Indre V. Viskontas, Alisa Matlin, Cooper Boydston, Adam Boxer & Richard P. Taylor
We investigate the dynamic structure of human gaze and present an experimental study of the frequency components of the change in gaze position over time during free viewing of computer-generated fractal images. We show that changes in gaze position are scale-invariant in time with statistical properties that are characteristic of a random walk process. We quantify and track changes in the temporal structure using a well-defined scaling parameter called the Hurst exponent, H. We find...

Data from: Species selection favors dispersive life histories in sea slugs, but higher per-offspring investment drives shifts to short-lived larvae

Patrick J. Krug, Jann E. Vendetti, Ryan A. Ellingson, Cynthia D. Trowbridge, Yayoi M. Hirano, Danielle Y. Trathen, Albert K. Rodriguez, Cornelis Swennen, Nerida G. Wilson & Ángel A. Valdés
For 40 years, paleontological studies of marine gastropods have suggested that species selection favors lineages with short-lived (lecithotrophic) larvae, which are less dispersive than long-lived (planktotrophic) larvae. Although lecithotrophs appeared to speciate more often and accumulate over time in some groups, lecithotrophy also increased extinction rates, and tests for state-dependent diversification were never performed. Molecular phylogenies of diverse groups instead suggested lecithotrophs accumulate without diversifying due to frequent, unidirectional character change. Although lecithotrophy has repeatedly...

Data from: Vocal traits and diet explain avian sensitivities to anthropogenic noise

Clinton D. Francis
Global population growth has caused extensive human-induced environmental change, including a near-ubiquitous transformation of the acoustical environment due to the propagation of anthropogenic noise. Because the acoustical environment is a critical ecological dimension for countless species to obtain, interpret and respond to environmental cues, highly novel environmental acoustics have the potential to negatively impact organisms that use acoustics for a variety of functions, such as communication and predator/prey detection. Using a comparative approach with 308...

Registration Year

  • 2015
    3

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    3

Affiliations

  • California Polytechnic State University
    3
  • University of Oregon
    2
  • National Evolutionary Synthesis Center
    1
  • University of California System
    1
  • Western Australian Museum
    1
  • California State University Los Angeles
    1
  • University of California, San Francisco
    1
  • Natural History Museum and Institute
    1
  • Prince of Songkla University
    1