Coral restoration – a systematic review of current methods, successes, failures and future directionsLisa Boström-Einarsson, Russell C. Babcock, Elisa Bayraktarov, Daniela Ceccarelli, Nathan Cook, Sebastian C. A. Ferse, Boze Hancock, Peter Harrison, Margaux Hein, Elizabeth Shaver, Adam Smith, David Suggett, Phoebe J. Stewart-Sinclair, Tali Vardi & Ian M. McLeod
Coral reef ecosystems have suffered an unprecedented loss of habitat-forming hard corals in recent decades. While marine conservation has historically focused on passive habitat protection, demand for and interest in active restoration has been growing in recent decades. However, a disconnect between coral restoration practitioners, coral reef managers and scientists has resulted in a disjointed field where it is difficult to gain an overview of existing knowledge. To address this, we aimed to synthesise the...
Data from: Fighting and mating success in giant Australian cuttlefish is influenced by behavioural lateralizationAlexandra K. Schnell, Christelle Jozet-Alves, Karina C. Hall, Léa Radday & Roger T. Hanlon
Behavioural lateralization is widespread. Yet, a fundamental question remains, how can lateralization be evolutionary stable when individuals lateralized in one direction often significantly outnumber individuals lateralized in the opposite direction? A recently developed game theory model predicts that fitness consequences that occur during intraspecific interactions may be driving population-level lateralization as an evolutionary stable strategy. This model predicts that (i) minority-type individuals exist because they are more likely to adopt unpredictable fighting behaviours during competitive...
For sessile marine invertebrates with complex life cycles, habitat choice is directed by the larval phase. Defining which habitat-linked cues are implicated in sessile invertebrate larval settlement has largely concentrated on chemical cues which are thought to signal optimal habitat. There has been less effort establishing physical settlement cues, including the role of surface microtopography. This laboratory based study tested whether surface microtopography alone (without chemical cues) plays an important contributing role in the settlement...
Data from: Indirect effects of ocean acidification drive feeding and growth of juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planciPamela Z. Kamya, Maria Byrne, Benjamin Mos, Lauren Hall & Symon A. Dworjanyn
The indirect effects of changing climate in modulating trophic interactions can be as important as the direct effects of climate stressors on consumers. The success of the herbivorous juvenile stage of the crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS), Acanthaster planci, may be affected by the impacts of ocean conditions on its crustose coralline algal (CCA) food. To partition the direct effects of near future ocean acidification on juvenile COTS and indirect effects through changes in their CCA food,...
Data from: Ecological opportunity and the evolution of habitat preferences in an arid-zone bird: implications for speciation in a climate-modified landscapeJanette A. Norman & Les Christidis
Bioclimatic models are widely used to investigate the impacts of climate change on species distributions. Range shifts are expected to occur as species track their current climate niche yet the potential for exploitation of new ecological opportunities that may arise as ecosystems and communities remodel is rarely considered. Here we show that grasswrens of the Amytornis textilis-modestus complex responded to new ecological opportunities in Australia’s arid biome through shifts in habitat preference following the development...
Data from: Combined mechanistic modelling predicts changes in species distribution and increased co-occurrence of a tropical urchin herbivore and a habitat-forming temperate kelpLouise Castro, Paulina Cetina-Heredia, Moninya Roughan, Symon Dworjanyn, Loic Thibaut, Matthew Chamberlain, Ming Feng & Adriana Vergés
This dataset aims to identify climate change impacts on spawning and settlement of a tropical herbivore, the sea-urchin, Tripneustes gratilla, along eastern Australia and into the Tasman Sea including Lord Howe Island. The dataset contains the trajectories of particles that represent T. gratilla larvae and their dispersal by ocean currents for each day of both a contemporary (2006-2015) and future ‘business as usual’ RCP 8.5 climate change scenario (2090-2100). T. gratilla larval dispersal under both...
Southern Cross University32
University of Sydney6
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation3
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority2
University of Melbourne2
CSIRO Ocean and Atmosphere2
Australian Institute of Marine Science2
James Cook University2