7 Works

Data from: The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agro-ecosystem services across Europe

Emily A. Martin, Matteo Dainese, Yann Clough, András Báldi, Riccardo Bommarco, Vesna Gagic, Michael Garratt, Andrea Holzschuh, David Kleijn, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Lorenzo Marini, Simon G. Potts, Henrik G. Smith, Diab Al Hassan, Matthias Albrecht, Georg K. S. Andersson, Josep Asis, Stephanie Aviron, Mario Balzan, Laura Baños-Picón, Ignasi Bartomeus, Peter Batary, Françoise Burel, Berta Caballero-López, Elena D. Concepcion … & Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter
Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with...

Data from: Behavioural patterns of vocal greeting production in four primate species

Pawel Fedurek, Christof Neumann, Yaelle Bouquet, Stephanie Mercier, Martina Magris, Fredy Quintero & Klaus Zuberbühler
Social animals have evolved a range of signals to avoid aggressive and facilitate affiliative interactions. Vocal behaviour is especially important in this respect with many species, including various primates, producing acoustically distinct ‘greeting calls’ when two individuals approach each other. While the ultimate function of greeting calls has been explored in several species, little effort has been made to understand the mechanisms of this behaviour across species. The aim of this study was to explore...

Data from: Hydrologic controls on river network connectivity

Silvia Garbin, Elisa Alessi Celegon, Pietro Fanton & Gianluca Botter
This study proposes a probabilistic approach for the quantitative assessment of reach- and network-scale hydrological connectivity as dictated by river flow space-time variability. Spatial dynamics of daily streamflows are estimated based on climatic and morphological features of the contributing catchment, integrating a physically based approach that accounts for the stochasticity of rainfall with a water balance framework and a geomorphic recession flow analysis. Ecologically meaningful minimum stage thresholds are used to evaluate the connectivity of...

The impact of high heating rates on the austenitization process of 18NiCrMo5 steel

A.G. Settimi, D. Chukin, L. Pezzato, C. Gennari, K. Brunelli & M. Dabalà
This paper is focused on the study of the effect of high heating rates on austenite formation of 18NiCrMo5 steel. The prior martensitic microstructure was characterized with scanning electron microscopy and Vicker micro-hardness. Then dilatometric tests were performed at 12 different heating rates (in the range of 100 - 3000°C/s), to evaluate the critical points and the key factor governing the austenite formation with high heating rates. After these tests, the microstructures obtained were analyzed...

Data from: Enough for all: no mating effort adjustment to varying mate availability in a gift-giving spider

Martina Magris & Cristina Tuni
Reproduction is costly and since males possess a finite energetic budget, resource allocation to one mating event may constrain investment in subsequent matings. Consequently, males of many species evolved to adjust their reproductive investment in response to mating opportunities. When female availability is high, males are predicted to partition their reproductive effort among multiple partners to avoid resource depletion before mating opportunities have ceased. We tested this prediction in males of the spider Pisaura mirabilis,...

Data from: A genome-wide approach to the phylogeography of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis in the Adriatic and the Black Seas

Marta Paterno, Levent Bat, Jamila B Souissi, Elisa Boscari, Aurore Chassanite, Leonardo Congiu, Giuseppe Guarnieri, Claudia Kruschel, Vesna Macic, Ilaria A Marino, Dragos Micu, Nataliya Milchakova, Marina Panayotova, Chiara Papetti, Stefan Strungaru, Valentina R Todorova, Emanuela Voutsinas & Lorenzo Zane
Connectivity between populations shapes the genetic structure of species being crucial for an effective management of environmental resources. Genetic approaches can provide indirect measures of connectivity, allowing the identification of genetically differentiated - unconnected - populations. In this study, we applied a 2b-RAD approach based on hundreds of polymorphic loci to provide the first detailed insight into the population genomics of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis in part of its native geographical range. We sampled...

Dietary stress increases the total opportunity for sexual selection and modifies selection on condition-dependent traits

Silvia Cattelan, Jonathan P. Evans, Francisco Garcia-Gonzalez, Elisa Morbiato & Andrea Pilastro
Although it is often expected that adverse environmental conditions depress the expression of condition-dependent sexually-selected traits, the full consequences of environmental change for the action of sexual selection, in terms of the opportunity for total sexual selection and patterns of phenotypic selection, are unknown. Here we show that dietary stress in guppies, Poecilia reticulata, reduces the expression of several sexually-selected traits and increases the opportunity for total sexual selection (standardized variance in reproductive success) in...

Registration Year

  • 2019
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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  • Text
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Affiliations

  • University of Padua
    7
  • Spanish National Research Council
    2
  • Sinop University
    1
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1
  • University of Würzburg
    1
  • École Nationale Supérieure des Sciences Agronomiques de Bordeaux-Aquitaine
    1
  • CoNISMa
    1
  • University of Zadar
    1
  • University of Neuchâtel
    1
  • Lund University
    1