242 Works

Data from: The ability of North Island robins to discriminate between humans is related to their behavioural type

Craig A. Barnett, Matt Salter, Clément Chevallier, Nicola Robertson, Otis Berard, Kevin C. Burns & Craig Barnett
Animals are able to learn to identify persistent threats to themselves and their offspring. For example, birds are able to quickly learn to discriminate between humans that have previously threatened their nests from humans with whom they have had no prior experience. However, no study has yet examined whether a bird's ability to discriminate between humans is related to the bird's underlying behavioural type. In this study, we examined whether there were differences among North...

Data from: Patterns of niche filling and expansion across the invaded ranges of an Australian lizard

Reid Tingley, Michael B. Thompson, Stephen Hartley & David G. Chapple
Studies of realized niche shifts in alien species typically ignore the potential effects of intraspecific niche variation and different invaded-range environments on niche lability. We incorporate our detailed knowledge of the native-range source populations and global introduction history of the delicate skink Lampropholis delicata to examine intraspecific variation in realized niche expansion and unfilling, and investigate how alternative niche modelling approaches are affected by that variation. We analyzed the realized niche dynamics of L. delicata...

Data from: Having a lot of a good thing: multiple important group memberships as a source of self-esteem

Jolanda Jetten, Nyla R. Branscombe, S. Alexander Haslam, Catherine Haslam, Tegan Cruwys, Janelle M. Jones, Lijuan Cui, Genevieve Dingle, James Liu, Sean Murphy, Anh Thai, Zoe Walter & Airong Zhang
Membership in important social groups can promote a positive identity. We propose and test an identity resource model in which personal self-esteem is boosted by membership in additional important social groups. Belonging to multiple important group memberships predicts personal self-esteem in children (Study 1a), older adults (Study 1b), and former residents of a homeless shelter (Study 1c). Study 2 shows that the effects of multiple important group memberships on personal self-esteem are not reducible to...

Data from: Emerging patterns of genetic variation in the New Zealand endemic scallop Pecten novaezelandiae

Catarina N. S. Silva & Jonathan P. A. Gardner
Both historical and contemporary processes influence the genetic structure of species, but the relative roles of such processes are still difficult to access. Population genetic studies of species with recent evolutionary histories such as the New Zealand endemic scallop Pecten novaezelandiae (<1 Ma) permit testing of the effects of recent processes affecting gene flow and shaping genetic structure. In addition, studies encompassing the entire distributional range of species can provide insight into colonization processes. Analyses...

Data from: The role of scent marking in mate selection by female pumas (Puma concolor)

Maximilian L. Allen, Heiko U. Wittmer, Paul Houghtaling, Justine A. Smith, L. Mark Elbroch, Christopher C. Wilmers & Justine Smith
Mate selection influences individual fitness, is often based on complex cues and behaviours, and can be difficult to study in solitary species including carnivores. We used motion-triggered cameras at 29 community scrapes (i.e. scent marking locations used by multiple individuals) and home range data from 39 GPS-collared pumas (Puma concolor) to assess the relevance of communication behaviours for mate selection by female pumas in California. Female pumas visited community scrapes irregularly and visitation bouts appeared...

Data from: Implications of fidelity and philopatry for the population structure of female black-tailed deer

Samhita Bose, Tavis D. Forrester, Jennifer L. Brazeal, Benjamin N. Sacks, David S. Casady & Heiko U. Wittmer
Site fidelity and philopatry are behavioral adaptations found in many species and their fitness benefits are well documented. The combined population level consequences of site fidelity and philopatry, however, have received little attention despite their importance for understanding spatial patterns in connectivity and population dynamics. We used an integrative approach to explore consequences of fidelity and philopatry on the fine-scale genetic structure of black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus). We assessed fidelity to seasonal home ranges...

Data from: Fitness in invasive social wasps: the role of variation in viral load, immune response and paternity in predicting nest size and reproductive output

Jana Dobelmann, Kevin J. Loope, Erin Wilson-Rankin, Oliver Quinn, James W. Baty, Monica A. M. Gruber & Philip J. Lester
Within any one habitat, the relative fitness of organisms in a population can vary substantially. Social insects like the common wasp are among the most successful invasive animals, but show enormous variation in nest size and other fitness-related traits. Some of this variation may be caused by pathogens such as viruses that can have serious consequences in social insects, which range from reduced productivity to colony death. Both individual immune responses and colony-level traits such...

Data from: Sex-specific shifts in morphology and colour pattern polymorphism during range expansion of an invasive lizard

Kimberly A. Miller, Andressa Duran, Jane Melville, Michael B. Thompson & David G. Chapple
Aim: Human-assisted range expansion of animals to new environments can lead to phenotypic shifts over ecological timescales.We investigated whether phenotypic changes are sex-specific using an invasive lizard (Lampropholis delicata). Location: Pacific region (Hawaiian Islands, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand, eastern Australia) Methods: Using our knowledge of theintroduction history of L. delicata, we examined museum specimens of individuals collected across the native and introduced range to determine whether shifts in morphologyor colour pattern polymorphism had occurred...

Lunar rhythms in growth of larval fish

Jeffrey S. Shima, Craig W. Osenberg, Erik G. Noonburg, Suzanne H. Alonzo & Stephen E. Swearer
Growth and survival of larval fishes is highly variable and unpredictable. Our limited understanding of this variation constrains our ability to forecast population dynamics and effectively manage fisheries. Here we show that daily growth rates of a coral reef fish (the sixbar wrasse, Thalassoma hardwicke) are strongly lunar-periodic and predicted by the timing of nocturnal brightness: growth was maximized when the first half of the night was dark and the second half of the night...

Reintroduced wolves and hunting limit the abundance of a subordinate apex predator in a multi-use landscape

L. Mark Elbroch, Jake Ferguson, Howard Quigley, Derek Craighead, Daniel Thompson & Heiko Wittmer
Top-down effects exhibited by apex predators are modulated by human impacts on community composition and species abundances. For these reasons, research supporting strong top-down effects of apex predators occurs almost entirely within protected areas rather than the much more common multi-use landscapes dominating modern ecosystems. Based on 16 years of monitoring, we developed an integrated population model to disentangle the concurrent contributions of a reintroduced apex predator, the gray wolf, human hunting, and prey abundances...

Data from: Outlier SNPs detect weak regional structure against a background of genetic homogeneity in the Eastern Rock Lobster, Sagmariasus verreauxi

Laura N. Woodings, Nicholas P. Murphy, Stephen R. Doyle, Nathan E. Hall, Andrew J. Robinson, Geoffrey W. Liggins, Bridget S. Green, Ira R. Cooke, James J. Bell & Jan M. Strugnell
Genetic differentiation is characteristically weak in marine species making assessments of population connectivity and structure difficult. However the advent of genomic methods have increased genetic resolution, enabling studies to detect weak, but significant population differentiation within marine species. With an increasing number of studies employing high resolution genome-wide techniques, we are realising the connectivity of marine populations is often complex and quantifying this complexity can provide an understanding of the processes shaping marine species genetic...

Relationships in the Interbank Market

Jonathan Chiu & Cyril Monnet
In the interbank market for overnight loans, banks sometimes trade below the central bank's deposit rate. This act is puzzling, as it seems to miss exploiting opportunities for arbitrage. In particular, why do banks lend to other banks, exposing themselves to counterparty risk, when they could earn a higher rate by depositing the balances at a risk-free central bank? This paper provides a theory to explain this anomaly. In the presence of market frictions, banks...

Submarine Cables and the Oceans – Connecting the World

Lionel Carter, Douglas Burnett, Stephen Drew, Graham Marle, Lonnie Hagadorn, Deborah Bartlett-McNeil & Nigel Irvine
​UNEP-WCMC in collaboration with the International Cable Protection Committee and UNEP has prepared a new report which provides an objective, factual description of the sub-marine cable industry and the interaction of submarine telecommunications (which route 95% of all international communications traffic) with the marine environment. This important report seeks to focus and guide deliberations and decision making on the wise conservation and protection of the oceans in concert with their sustainable management and use.

Data from: Decoding the dynamics of dental distributions: insights from shark demography and dispersal

Sora Kim, Justin Yeakel, Juergen Kriwet, Meghan Balk, Jaelyn Eberle, Sarah Zeichner & Dina Fieman
Shark teeth are the most abundant vertebrate fossil, and because tooth size generally correlates with body size, their accumulations document the size structure of populations. Understanding how ecological and environmental processes influence size structure, and how this extends to influence these dental distributions, may offer a window into the ecological and environmental dynamics of past and present shark populations. Here we examine the dental distributions of sand tigers, including extant Carcharias taurus and extinct Striatolamia...

Conversations about Mother: Mnemonic Strategies for Narrating Survival in (Post-) War Germany

Brigitte Bonisch-Brednich
This article explores the strong correlations between mnemonic strategies and mnemonic triggers within family narratives. Families form narrative collectives with their own codes of narrative evocation. One sentence, even only one word, might open up a bundle of memories shared by all immediate kin. Such sharing can, however, be practised and interpreted differently by each family member; stories are also utilised strategically to bond with one family member and sideline another. Given the specific German...

Introduction: The Long-run Impact of New Caledonia’s Noumea Accord

Jonathan Fraenkel
No description supplied

Reassessing the 2003–17 regional assistance mission to Solomon Islands

Jonathan Fraenkel
The 2003–17 Australian and New Zealand-led Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) is widely considered to be a comparatively successful peacebuilding mission. Jon Fraenkel argues that a fuller assessment of RAMSI needs to consider the low intensity of the preceding conflict, and the way that conflict changed over 2001–03 in ways that encouraged a law and order focus. Within Oceania, RAMSI is usually seen as fairly successful in achieving its short-term security objectives, but...

The Ethnic Implications of Preferential Voting

J Coakley & Jonathan Fraenkel
Around the turn of the century, political developments in Northern Ireland, Fiji and Papua New Guinea encouraged claims that preferential voting systems could steer polities in the direction of 'moderate' multi-ethnic government. Sixteen years later, we have a longer time period and larger volume of data to reassess these verdicts. This article investigates ballot transfer and party vote-seat share patterns in the seven deeply divided polities with some experience of preferential voting for legislative elections...

The effects of social ties on innovation behavior and new product performance in emerging economies: evidence from Turkey

V Yeniaras, I Kaya & Nicholas Ashill
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical and empirical understanding of how social ties affect innovation behavior and new product performance in Turkey, which is an emerging economy where high levels of economic and political uncertainties exist.The authors examine whether innovation behavior binds the political and business ties of the firm to new product performance. They also examine if these effects are contingent on variations in the institutional environment and market...

Dynamic and Ordinary Capabilities: A Project Management Perspective

Nicholas Ashill, P Williams, MS Khan & E Naumann
The project management literature has typically focused on project efficiency measures, such as time, cost, and quality, but rarely examined broader measures of project success, such as customer satisfaction and customer loyalty. In this article, we apply a resource-based theory framework and examine both ordinary and dynamic capabilities of the firm and their influence on customer satisfaction and repurchase intentions. We also include the firm's corporate reputation and explore its moderating influences on variables in...

Network complementaries in the international expansion of emerging market firms

J Wu & Siah Ang
Can domestic political capital be transferable to more or less similar institutional contexts abroad? Motivated by contradictory results in two streams of research, this study seeks to combine the insights from two theoretical arguments and conceptualize the role of domestic political ties in international expansion as a dual problem of securing key resources from home governments and looking for opportunities in foreign markets and matching resources to capture them. We adopt the notion of network...

Increasing replication for knowledge accumulation in strategy research

K Singh, Siah Ang & SM Leong
Extensive replication is essential to ensure the reliability and validity of research and for rigorous theory development, particularly for pre-paradigmatic social sciences such as strategy. Yet, relatively few strategy replication studies have been published. We build on recent calls for greater replication by proposing three sets of measures to facilitate knowledge accumulation in strategy via increased replication. We first propose a re-conceptualization of replication studies, to that of the good-enough replication. We then provide a...


Dwi Agustina, Margaret Gleeson & Gillian Hubbard
Creating long-life learners has become a long-term educational goal in many educational settings including Indonesia. An initial step towards this goal is to develop autonomy in students. Currently, learner autonomy or independence in learning has been promoted in higher education through the concept of Merdeka Belajar (freedom of learning) by the Minister of Education and Culture. In high schools, the 2013 curriculum has also emphasized learner autonomy development. Thus it is necessary to look back...

Government's social and economic protection responses to COVID-19 in the context of an elimination strategy: The New Zealand example

Michael Fletcher
No description supplied

Power to make bylaws

Dean Knight
No description supplied

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