8 Works

Conservation genetics of an island-endemic lizard: low Ne and the critical role of intermediate temperatures for genetic connectivity

Daryl Trumbo, W. Chris Funk, Gregory Pauly & Jeanne Robertson
Island populations are at higher risk of extinction than mainland populations. Therefore, understanding the factors that facilitate connectivity is particularly pressing for the conservation of island taxa. Sceloporus occidentalis becki, the Island Fence Lizard, is an endemic taxon restricted to the Northern Channel Islands, part of a nearshore archipelago in Southern California, USA. Since the Last Glacial Maximum, fence lizard habitat on the Northern Channel Islands has decreased with rising sea levels and increasing temperatures...

Near-shore island lizard fauna shaped by a combination of human-mediated and natural dispersal

Jeanne Robertson, Patricia Salerno, Lauren Chan, W. Chris Funk & Gregory Pauly
Aim: Island biotas provide opportunities to study colonization and adaptation to novel environments. Islands, especially near-shore islands, may have a long record of human habitation such that some lineages result from human-assisted introductions. Here, we combine phylogenetic analyses with fossil data and historical specimen records to reconstruct colonization histories, characterize among-island divergence, and assess the role of humans in shaping the evolutionary history of lizards inhabiting a near-shore island archipelago. Location: Channel Islands and adjacent...

The initiation and growth of transpressional shear zones through continental arc lithosphere, southwest New Zealand

Keith Klepeis, Joshua Schwartz, Elena Miranda, Peter Lindquist, Richard Jongens, Rose Turnbull & Harold Stowell
Structural analyses combined with new U-Pb zircon and titanite geochronology show how two Early Cretaceous transpressional shear zones initiated and grew through a nearly complete section of continental arc crust during oblique convergence. Both shear zones reactivated Carboniferous faults that penetrated the upper mantle below Zealandia’s Median Batholith but show opposite growth patterns and dissimilar relationships with respect to arc magmatism. The Grebe-Indecision Creek shear zone was magma-starved and first reactivated at ~136 Ma as...

Dietary ethanol ingestion by free-ranging spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi)

Christina Campbell, Aleksey Maro, Victoria Weaver & Robert Dudley
Ethanol within ripe and over-ripe fruit is produced naturally through the metabolic activity of fermentative yeasts. As a consequence, frugivorous animals may chronically consume ethanol as part of their routine diet, although direct measurements of such exposure are lacking. Here, we present data on ethanol concentrations within fruits of the Neotropical tree Spondias mombin (Anacardiaceae) that are eaten by Geoffroy's spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Of collected fruits that were partially...

Adverse childhood experiences and prenatal depression in the maternal and development risks from environmental and social stressors pregnancy cohort

Karina Corona, Thomas Chavez, Kennedy Stewart, Claudia M. Toledo-Corral, Shohreh F. Farzan, Rima Habre, Brendan Grubbs, Laila Al-Marayati, Nathana Lurvey, Deborah Lerner, Sandrah P. Eckel, Isabel Lagomasino, Carrie V. Breton & Theresa M. Bastain
The aim of this study was to examine the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and risk for depression among 480 predominantly low-income Hispanic/Latina women in the Maternal and Development Risks from Environmental and Social Stressors pregnancy cohort. Models were fitted to evaluate associations between ACEs and prenatal probable depression measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale adjusting for recruitment site, age, income, race/ethnicity, marital status and parity. The ACEs Questionnaire parameterised experiences as...

Knifefish turning performance during forward swimming

Olivia Hawkins, Victor Ortega-Jimenez & Christopher Sanford
Rapid turning and swimming contribute to ecologically important behaviors in fishes such as predator avoidance, prey capture, mating, and the navigation of complex environments. For riverine species, such as knifefishes, that are commonly challenged by turbulent flows, turning control may be effective for counteracting adverse locomotive perturbations. Most research on fish maneuvering focuses on fish with traditional fin and body morphologies, which primarily use body bending and the pectoral fins during turning. However, it is...

Plant-associate interactions and diversification across trophic levels

Jeremy Yoder, Albert Dang, Caitlin MacGregor & Mikhail Plaza
Interactions between species are widely understood to have promoted the diversification of life on Earth, but how interactions spur the formation of new species remains unclear. Interacting species often become locally adapted to each other, but they may also be subject to shared dispersal limitations and environmental conditions. Moreover, theory predicts that different kinds of interactions have different effects on diversification. To better understand how species interactions promote diversification, we compiled population genetic studies of...

Adverse childhood experiences and prenatal depression in the maternal and development risks from environmental and social stressors pregnancy cohort

Karina Corona, Thomas Chavez, Kennedy Stewart, Claudia M. Toledo-Corral, Shohreh F. Farzan, Rima Habre, Brendan Grubbs, Laila Al-Marayati, Nathana Lurvey, Deborah Lerner, Sandrah P. Eckel, Isabel Lagomasino, Carrie V. Breton & Theresa M. Bastain
The aim of this study was to examine the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and risk for depression among 480 predominantly low-income Hispanic/Latina women in the Maternal and Development Risks from Environmental and Social Stressors pregnancy cohort. Models were fitted to evaluate associations between ACEs and prenatal probable depression measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale adjusting for recruitment site, age, income, race/ethnicity, marital status and parity. The ACEs Questionnaire parameterised experiences as...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    8

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    8

Affiliations

  • California State University, Northridge
    8
  • Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
    2
  • Colorado State University
    2
  • University of Southern California
    2
  • University of Vermont
    1
  • University of California, Berkeley
    1
  • University of Louisiana at Lafayette
    1
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
    1
  • GNS Science
    1
  • University of Alabama
    1