66 Works

Fast and furious: Early differences in growth rate drive short-term plant dominance and exclusion under eutrophication

Yann Hautier, Zhang Pengfei, Mariet Hefting, Merel Soons, George Kowalchuk, Mark Rees, Andrew Hector, Lindsay Turnbull, Xiaolong Zhou, Zhi Guo, Chengjin Chu, Guozhen Du & Yann Hautier
1. The reduction of plant diversity following eutrophication threatens many ecosystems worldwide. Yet, the mechanisms by which species are lost following nutrient enrichment are still not completely understood, nor are the details of when such mechanisms act during the growing season, which hampers understanding and the development of mitigation strategies. 2. Using a common garden competition experiment, we found that early-season differences in growth rates among five perennial grass species measured in monoculture predicted short-term...

Use of artificial structure to enhance fish diversity in the Youjiang River, a dammed river of the Pearl River in China

Dingli Guo
The fragmentation and homogenization of habitats have seriously affected the fishery resources of the Pearl River. To protect the fishery resources, a new type of artificial habitat, consisting of bamboo and palm slices, was deployed in the Youjiang River, a tributary of the Pearl River, China. The results of field and laboratory experiments show that fish abundance, species richness and Shannon-Wiener diversity index were higher at the artificial habitats than at the control sites. There...

The impact of urbanization on body size of Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica gutturalis

Yanyan Zhao, Yu Liu, Elizabeth Scordato, Myung-Bok Lee, Xiaoying Xing, Xinyuan Pan, Yang Liu, Rebecca Safran & Emilio Pagani-Núñez
Urbanization implies a dramatic impact on ecosystems, which may lead to drastic phenotypic differences between urban and non-urban individuals. For instance, urbanization is associated with increased metabolic costs, which may constrain body size, but urbanization also leads to habitat fragmentation, which may favour increases in body mass when for instance it correlates with dispersal capacity. However, this apparent contradiction has rarely been studied. This is particularly evident in China where the urbanization process is currently...

Data from: Warming alters plant phylogenetic and functional community structure

Juntao Zhu, Yangjian Zhang, Xian Yang, Ning Chen, Shaopeng Li, Pandeng Wang & Lin Jiang
Climate change is known to affect many facets of the Earth’s ecosystems. However, little is known about its impacts on phylogenetic and functional properties of ecological communities. Here we studied the responses of plant communities in an alpine grassland on the Tibetan Plateau to environmental warming across taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional levels in a six-year multiple-level warming experiment. While low-level warming did not alter either plant species richness or phylogenetic/functional community structure, high-level warming significantly...

Regionally divergent drivers of historical diversification in the late Quaternary in a widely distributed generalist species, the common pheasant Phasianus colchicus

Yang Liu, Simin Liu, Edouard Jelen, Mansour Alibadian, Cheng-Te Yao, Xintong Li, Nasrin Kayvanfar, Yutao Wang, Farhad Vahidi, Jianlin Han, Gombobaatar Sundev, Zhengwang Zhang & Manuel Schweizer
Aim: Pleistocene climate and associated environmental changes have influenced phylogeographic patterns of many species. These not only depend on a species’ life history but also vary regionally. Consequently, populations of widespread species that occur in several biomes might display different evolutionary trajectories. We aimed to identify regional drivers of diversification in the common pheasant, a widely distributed ecological generalist. Study location: Asia Taxon: Common pheasant Phasianus colchicus Methods: Using a comprehensive geographic sampling of 204...

Effect of stressors on the carrying capacity of spatially distributed metapopulations

Bo Zhang, Donald DeAngelis, Wei-Ming Ni, Yuanshi Wang, Lu Zhai, Alex Kula, Shuang Xu & David Van Dyken
Stressors such as antibiotics, herbicides and pollutants are becoming increasingly common in the environment. The effects of stressors on populations are typically studied in homogeneous, non-spatial settings. However, most populations in nature are spatially distributed over environmentally heterogeneous landscapes with spatially-restricted dispersal. Little is known about the effects of stressors in these more realistic settings. Here, we combine laboratory experiments with novel mathematical theory to rigorously investigate how a stressor’s physiological effect and spatial distribution...

Impact of environmental shocks on the preferred number of children of internal migrants: Evidence from China

Jin Li
Most research has used individual or group features to explain why migrants have different preferred number of children. However, these features can be identified and subdivided infinitely, with none of them broadly answering the question “why migrants desire more or less children”? This paper identified “environmental shocks”, which are a common experience for all migrants, as determinants of dissimilar preferred number of children across internal migrants in China. Environmental shocks refer to the uncertainty experienced...

Supplemental Material, original_data - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, original_data for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Aim:Some obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients may have mandibular retrognathia (ANB > 4.7° and SNB < 76.2°). Currently, there are no studies that have compared the effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus mandibular advancement device (MAD) in severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia. We explored the efficacy of CPAP versus MAD for the treatment of severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia.Methods:A total of 105 patients were enrolled. Outcomes were assessed by using polysomnography,...

Elevated atherogenic index and higher triglyceride increase risk of kidney function decline: a 7-year cohort study in Chinese adults

Fei Huang, Le Wang, Qian Zhang, Zhengce Wan, Liu Hu, Ranran Xu, Anying Cheng, Yongman Lv & Qingquan Liu
This study explored whether lipid disorders or an elevated atherogenic index of plasma (AIP, a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases) could predict major kidney function decline. We conducted a retrospective 7-year cohort study of 3712 Chinese adults followed up between 2010 and 2017. Major kidney function decline was defined as a ≥ 30% reduction in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from baseline. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between lipid...

Elevated atherogenic index and higher triglyceride increase risk of kidney function decline: a 7-year cohort study in Chinese adults

Fei Huang, Le Wang, Qian Zhang, Zhengce Wan, Liu Hu, Ranran Xu, Anying Cheng, Yongman Lv & Qingquan Liu
This study explored whether lipid disorders or an elevated atherogenic index of plasma (AIP, a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases) could predict major kidney function decline. We conducted a retrospective 7-year cohort study of 3712 Chinese adults followed up between 2010 and 2017. Major kidney function decline was defined as a ≥ 30% reduction in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from baseline. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between lipid...

High ultrafiltration rate induced intradialytic hypotension is a predictor for cardiac remodeling: a 5-year cohort study

Jinbo Yu, Xiaohong Chen, Yang Li, Yaqiong Wang, Zhonghua Liu, Bo Shen, Jie Teng, Jianzhou Zou & Xiaoqiang Ding
Intradialytic-hypotension (IDH) is a common complication of hemodialysis. High ultrafiltration rate (UFR) might lead to IDH. However, the relationships between UFR, IDH, and cardiac remodeling among hemodialysis patients in the long-term have not been deeply explored. This retrospective cohort study collected clinical and echocardiographic data. Patients were enrolled from 1 January 2014 to 31 March 2014 and were followed-up for 5-year. Those who suffered from more than four hypotensive events during three months (10% of...

Mice deficient in UXT exhibit retinitis pigmentosa-like features via aberrant autophagy activation

Mingyu Pan, Yue Yin, Xinxia Wang, Quanyi Wang, Lele Zhang, Haiyang Hu & Chen Wang
UXT (ubiquitously expressed prefoldin like chaperone), a small chaperone-like protein, is widely expressed in diverse human and mouse tissues and is more abundant in retina and kidney. However, the functional characterization of UXT at tissue level was largely unknown. Here, we reported that mice deficient in UXT exhibited salient features of retinal degenerative disease, similar to retinitis pigmentosa. Conditional knockout (CKO) of Uxt led to retinal degeneration and pigmentation in mice retina along with significant...

Population genetics and forensic efficiency of 30 InDel markers in four Chinese ethnic groups residing in Sichuan

Fei Wang, Guanglin He, Zheng Wang, Mengge Wang, Jing Liu, Xing Zou, Shouyu Wang, Mengyuan Song, Ziwei Ye, Mingkun Xie & Yiping Hou
Sichuan Province is located at the transitional junction regions of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the low-altitude plains. It also serves as the corridor of Sino-Tibetan-speaking population migration and expansion since neolithic expansion of Proto-Tibeto-Burman populations from Middle/Upper Yellow River during Majiayao period (3300–2000 BC). However, the population structure and the corresponding genetic diversity of forensic-related markers in this region remain unclear. Thus, we genotyped 30 insertion-deletion (InDel) markers in 444 samples from four ethnic groups...

Goethite enhanced the Cr(VI) reduction by gallic acid through the stabilisation of free radicals: spectroscopic evidences and implication for transformation of Cr(VI) in an Oxisol

Ke Song, Yu Huang & Jiewen Yang
Produced from root exudation activities and the decomposition of organic matter, gallic acid (GA) has been shown to be widely involved in the electron transfer reactions in soils as well as the transformation of redox-sensitive pollutants, while which was subject to the mediation of solid surfaces with the unknown mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the catalytic effect of goethite on the Cr(VI) reduction by GA and explore the implication for the transformation of Cr(VI)...

Robust RNA-seq data analysis using an integrated method of ROC curve and Kolmogorov–Smirnov test

Shengping Yang, Kun Zhang & Zhide Fang
It is a common approach to dichotomize a continuous biomarker in clinical setting for the convenience of application. Analytically, results from using a dichotomized biomarker are often more reliable and resistant to outliers, bi-modal and other unknown distributions. There are two commonly used methods for selecting the best cutoff value for dichotomization of a continuous biomarker, using either maximally selected chi-square statistic or a ROC curve, specifically the Youden Index. In this paper, we explained...

Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) MRPL23-AS1 promotes tumor progression and carcinogenesis in osteosarcoma by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling via inhibiting microRNA miR-30b and upregulating myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9)

Hanwen Zhang, Shuya Liu, Lian Tang, Jianhua Ge & Xiaobo Lu
Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) contributes to the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma (OS), although the underlying mechanism is not clear. In the present study, we showed that lncRNA MRPL23-AS1 was remarkably increased in OS tissues and cell lines. Stable knockdown of MRPL23-AS1 evidently attenuated cell viability and invasive ability, meanwhile inhibited in vivo tumor growth and dissemination. In terms of mechanism, luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays showed that MRPL23-AS1...

Clinical significance and potential molecular mechanism of miRNA-222-3p in metastatic prostate cancer

Yu Sun, Gang Chen, Juan He, Zhi-Guang Huang, Sheng-Hua Li, Yuan-Ping Yang, Lu-Yang Zhong, Shu-Fan Ji, Ying Huang, Xin-Hua Chen, Mao-Lin He & Hao Wu
The clinical significance and underlying molecular mechanism of miRNA-222-3p in metastatic prostate cancer (MPCa) remain unclear. The present study used a large number of cases (n = 1,502) based on miRNA chip and miRNA sequencing datasets to evaluate the expression and diagnostic potential of miRNA-222-3p in MPCa. We applied a variety of meta-analytic methods, including forest maps, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and summary receiver operating characteristic curves, to prove the final results. MiRNA-222-3p was reduced...

Data from: A multilocus analysis of Epicopeiidae (Lepidoptera, Geometroidea) provides new insights into their relationships and the evolutionary history of mimicry

Yuan Zhang, SiYao Huang, Dan Liang, HuoShuai Wang & Peng Zhang
The family Epicopeiidae is a small group of day-flying moths, known for mimicking many different groups of butterflies and moths. So far, there still lacks a reliable phylogenetic framework of Epicopeiidae that is necessary to our understanding of the evolutionary process of their mimicry. In this study, we sequenced 94 nuclear protein-coding markers for 56 epicopeiid samples and 11 outgroups, covering all ten genera of Epicopeiidae. We used homemade PCR-generated baits to capture target sequences,...

Draft genome assemblies of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri

Hao-Sen Li
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri is a ladybird biological control agent. This data is the draft genome assemblies of C. montrouzieri.

Expression and comparison of unigene in the transcriptome in Siniperca chuatsi

Guifeng Li
Muscle from 3-month old individuals of different sizes was used for transcriptome analysis. After screening, 39005 unigenes were annotated into four databases, including Nr (38833, 52.9%), Swissprot (337479, 46.0%), COG (10926, 14.8%) and KEGG (19791, 26.9%). Finally, the results was annotated by Nr database which defined the maximum number of unigenes.

Freeze-tolerance of poleward-spreading mangrove species weakened by soil properties of resident salt marsh competitor

Enjian Chen, Julie Blaze, Rachel Smith, Shaolin Peng & James Byers
1. Background: Increasing temperatures associated with climate change are shifting plant species to higher latitudes. Soil communities could aid the plants’ shift into novel areas by harbouring fewer soil-borne antagonists or more mutualists that influence the fitness and stress tolerance of the shifting species. Alternatively, they could contain novel antagonists or fewer mutualists. Thus, soil communities could positively or negatively affect plant range expansion, particularly if they influence plants’ responses to climate, such as freeze...

Species responses to changing precipitation depends on trait plasticity rather than trait means and intraspecific variation

Bingwei Zhang, Yann Hautier, Xingru Tan, Cuihai You, Marc Cadotte, Chengjin Chu, Lin Jiang, Xinghua Sui, Tingting Ren, Xingguo Han & Shiping Chen
1. Trait-based approaches are key to develop mechanistic understanding of differences in plant species performance under environmental change. While mean trait values have been widely used to link functional traits to species performance, the contribution of intraspecific trait variation and trait plasticity remains unclear. Moreover, environmentally induced changes in species biomass is caused by changes in the number of individuals and individual growth rate, both of which should be influenced by trait differences and plasticity....

Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Registration Year

  • 2020
    66

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    41
  • Text
    15
  • Image
    8
  • Collection
    2

Affiliations

  • Sun Yat-sen University
    66
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    33
  • Zhejiang University
    26
  • Sichuan University
    26
  • Fudan University
    24
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    24
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    23
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    20
  • Chongqing Medical University
    17
  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
    16