143 Works

Data from: Humans recognize emotional arousal in vocalizations across all classes of terrestrial vertebrates: evidence for acoustic universals

Piera Filippi, Jenna V. Congdon, John Hoang, Daniel Liu Bowling, Stephan A. Reber, Andrius Pašukonis, Marisa Hoeschele, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Bart De Boer, Christopher B. Sturdy, Albert Newen & Onur Gunturkun
Writing over a century ago, Darwin hypothesized that vocal expression of emotion dates back to our earliest terrestrial ancestors. If this hypothesis is true, we should expect to find cross-species acoustic universals in emotional vocalizations. Studies suggest that acoustic attributes of aroused vocalizations are shared across many mammalian species, and that humans can use these attributes to infer emotional content. But do these acoustic attributes extend to non-mammalian vertebrates? In this study, we asked human...

Data from: A stoichiometric perspective of the effect of herbivore dung on ecosystem functioning

Judith Sitters & Harry Olde Venterink
Ungulate herbivores play a prominent role in maintaining the tree–grass balance in African savannas. Their top-down role through selective feeding on either trees or grasses is well studied, but their bottom-up role through deposition of nutrients in dung and urine has been overlooked. Here, we propose a novel concept of savanna ecosystem functioning in which the balance between trees and grasses is maintained through stoichiometric differences in dung of herbivores that feed on them. We...

Data from: Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community

Kevin D'hoe, Stefan Vet, Karoline Faust, Frédéric Moens, Gwen Falony, Didier Gonze, Verónica Lloréns-Rico, Lendert Gelens, Jan Danckaert, Luc De Vuyst & Jeroen Raes
Whereas the composition of the human gut microbiome is well resolved, predictive understanding is still lacking. Here, we followed a bottom-up strategy to explore human gut community dynamics: we established a synthetic community composed of three representative human gut isolates (Roseburia intestinalis L1-82, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii A2-165 and Blautia hydrogenotrophica S5a33) and explored their interactions under well-controlled conditions in vitro. Systematic mono- and pair-wise fermentation experiments confirmed competition for fructose and cross-feeding of formate. We quantified...

Mechanisms for color convergence in a mimetic radiation of poison frogs

Evan Twomey, Morgan Kain, Myriam Claeys, Kyle Summers, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher & Ines Van Bocxlaer
In animals, bright colors often evolve to mimic other species when a resemblance is selectively favored. Understanding the proximate mechanisms underlying such color mimicry can give insights into how mimicry evolves, for example, whether color convergence evolves from a shared set of mechanisms or through the evolution of novel color production mechanisms. We studied color production mechanisms in poison frogs (Dendrobatidae), focusing on the mimicry complex of Ranitomeya imitator. Using reflectance spectrometry, skin pigment analysis,...

Data from: Thriving in a hostile world: insights from the dietary strategy of two allopatric, closely-related tepui summit endemic amphibians

Philippe Kok, Tessa Broholm & Dietrich Mebs
To date, there has been no published investigation on the trophic diversity in any tepui summit vertebrate. In this paper we analysed the dietary composition of a tepui summit endemic toad, Oreophrynella quelchii from Roraima-tepui, and compared it with that of O. nigra, to examine to what extent diet differs between these two sister species across isolated, although neighbouring, tepui tops. The digestive tracts of a total of 197 toads were dissected: 111 from O....

An objective-based prioritization approach to support trophic complexity through ecological restoration

Emma Ladouceur, Jennifer McGowan, Patrick Huber, Hugh Possingham, Davide Scridel, Roel Van Klink, Peter Poschlod, Hans Cornelissen, Costantino Bonomi & Borja Jiménez-Alfaro
1. Reassembling ecological communities and rebuilding habitats through active restoration treatments requires curating the selection of plant species to use in seeding and planting mixes. Ideally, these mixes should be assembled based on attributes that support ecosystem function and services, promote plant and animal species interactions and ecological networks in restoration while balancing project constraints. Despite these critical considerations, it is common for species mixes to be selected opportunistically. Reframing the selection of seed mixes...

ISIMIP3b lakes input data

Inne Vanderkelen & Jacob Schewe
The data are derived from the HydroLAKES v1.0 (Messager et al., 2016) and GRanD v1.3 (Lehner et al., 2011) databases and rasterized using the polygon_to_cellareafraction tool (Vanderkelen 2021, available on GitHub), and mapped to 0.5 degrees resolution. Time steps represent increasing reservoirs in their construction year, as given by GRanD.

Additional file 3 of Blood transcriptomics to facilitate diagnosis and stratification in pediatric rheumatic diseases – a proof of concept study

My Kieu Ha, Esther Bartholomeus, Luc Van Os, Julie Dandelooy, Julie Leysen, Olivier Aerts, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Eline De Smet, Jan Gielen, Khadija Guerti, Michel De Maeseneer, Nele Herregods, Bouchra Lechkar, Ruth Wittoek, Elke Geens, Laura Claes, Mahmoud Zaqout, Wendy Dewals, Annelies Lemay, David Tuerlinckx, David Weynants, Koen Vanlede, Gerlant van Berlaer, Marc Raes, Helene Verhelst … & Benson Ogunjimi
Supplementary Material 3

Additional file 6 of Blood transcriptomics to facilitate diagnosis and stratification in pediatric rheumatic diseases – a proof of concept study

My Kieu Ha, Esther Bartholomeus, Luc Van Os, Julie Dandelooy, Julie Leysen, Olivier Aerts, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Eline De Smet, Jan Gielen, Khadija Guerti, Michel De Maeseneer, Nele Herregods, Bouchra Lechkar, Ruth Wittoek, Elke Geens, Laura Claes, Mahmoud Zaqout, Wendy Dewals, Annelies Lemay, David Tuerlinckx, David Weynants, Koen Vanlede, Gerlant van Berlaer, Marc Raes, Helene Verhelst … & Benson Ogunjimi
Supplementary Material 6

Herbivore dung stoichiometry drives competition between savanna trees and grasses

Judith Sitters & Harry Olde Venterink
The balance between trees and grasses is a key aspect of savanna ecosystem functioning, and so far, believed to be regulated by resource availability, fire frequency, and consumption by mammalian herbivores. Herbivores, however, also impact plant communities through the deposition of growth-limiting nutrients in their dung and urine. Little attention has been paid to the fact that savanna herbivores produce dung containing different concentrations of nutrients and it remains unknown what the effect of this...

Rhizophora complete chloroplast genome sequences

Ludwig Triest, Tim Sierens & Tom Van Der Stocken
Historical processes of long-distance migration and ocean-wide expansion feature the global biogeographic pattern of Rhizophora species. Throughout the Indian Ocean, R. stylosa and R. mucronata appear as a young phylogenetic group with expansion of R. mucronata towards the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) driven by the South Equatorial Current. Nuclear microsatellites revealed genetic patterns and breaks, however, estimating propagule dispersal routes requires maternally inherited cytoplasmic markers. Here, we examine the phylogeography of 21 R. mucronata provenances...

Genetic and epigenetic regulation of Catechol-O-methyltransferase in relation to inflammation in chronic fatigue syndrome and Fibromyalgia

Andrea Polli, Jolien Hendrix, Kelly Ickmans, Jelena Bakusic, Manosij Ghosh, Dora Monteyne, Brigitte Velkeniers, Bram Bekaert, Jo Nijs & Lode Godderis
Abstract Background Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has been shown to influence clinical pain, descending modulation, and exercise-induced symptom worsening. COMT regulates nociceptive processing and inflammation, key pathophysiological features of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia (CFS/FM). We aimed to determine the interactions between genetic and epigenetic mechanisms regulating COMT and its influence on inflammatory markers and symptoms in patients with CFS/FM. Methods. A case-control study with repeated-measures design was used to reduce the chance of false positive and...

Systematic literature review of health economic models developed for multiple myeloma to support future analyses

Mimi Choon-Quinones, Tamás Zelei, Bertalan Németh, Manna Tóth, Xiao Yang Jia, Mike Barnett, Paul Keown, Brian Durie, Jean-Luc Harousseau, Dirk Hose & Zoltán Kaló
The goal of this study was to review the economic evaluations of health technologies in Multiple Myeloma (MM) and provide guidance and recommendations for future health economic analyses. A systemic literature review (SLR) was conducted on original economic assessment studies and structured review papers focusing on the studies in MM. The search was limited to English language papers published from January 1, 2000, onwards. Publications not applying any type of modelling methodology to describe disease...

Systematic literature review of health economic models developed for multiple myeloma to support future analyses

Mimi Choon-Quinones, Tamás Zelei, Bertalan Németh, Manna Tóth, Xiao Yang Jia, Mike Barnett, Paul Keown, Brian Durie, Jean-Luc Harousseau, Dirk Hose & Zoltán Kaló
The goal of this study was to review the economic evaluations of health technologies in Multiple Myeloma (MM) and provide guidance and recommendations for future health economic analyses. A systemic literature review (SLR) was conducted on original economic assessment studies and structured review papers focusing on the studies in MM. The search was limited to English language papers published from January 1, 2000, onwards. Publications not applying any type of modelling methodology to describe disease...

Supplementary document for Ultra-broadband and high-efficiency Planar Chiral Metamaterial - 6099761.pdf

Shahid Hussain, Qingquan Liu, Zubaria Maroof, Ruonan Ji & Shao-Wei Wang
Supplement 1

Supplementary document for Ultra-broadband and high-efficiency Planar Chiral Metamaterial - 6099761.pdf

Shahid Hussain, Qingquan Liu, Zubaria Maroof, Ruonan Ji & Shao-Wei Wang
Supplement 1

Ultra-broadband and high-efficiency Planar Chiral Metamaterial

Shahid Hussain, Qingquan Liu, Zubaria Maroof, Ruonan Ji & Shao-Wei Wang
To date, only helix-like assemblies are known of delivering broadband and efficient optical chirality, however, as their dimensions shrink to the nanoscale, it becomes increasingly difficult to realize three-dimensional (3D) building blocks and accurate alignments. Besides, a continuous optical channel requirement hinders the downsizing for integrated photonics. Here, we introduce an alternative approach based on two assembled layers of dielectric-metal nanowires to demonstrate that chiroptic effects similar to helix-like metamaterials can be realized with an...

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and neurobehavioral function and cognition in adolescents (2010–2011) and elderly people (2014): results from the Flanders Environment and Health Studies (FLEHS)

Nicolas van Larebeke, Gudrun Koppen, Sam Decraemer, Ann Colles, Liesbeth Bruckers, Elly Den Hond, Eva Govarts, Bert Morrens, Thomas Schettgen, Sylvie Remy, Dries Coertjens, Tim Nawrot, Vera Nelen, Willy Baeyens & Greet Schoeters
Abstract Background PFAS are persistent, bioaccumulative compounds repelling water, oil and stains which are widely used. There is mounting evidence linking exposure to a range of adverse health outcomes including renal, hepatic, immunotoxic, reproductive, endocrine disrupting and carcinogenic effects. PFAS possibly also induce neurobehavioral and developmental effects. Within Flanders Environment and Health Studies (FLEHS) internal exposure to PFAS and relevant health effects are assessed since 2008. Results Adolescents 14–15 y (2010–2011) living in an industrially...

Psychosocial factors related to sleep in adolescents and their willingness to participate in the development of a healthy sleep intervention: a focus group study

Ann Vandendriessche, Maïté Verloigne, Laura Boets, Jolien Joriskes, Ann DeSmet, Karlien Dhondt & Benedicte Deforche
Abstract Background Over the last decades, adolescents’ sleep has deteriorated, suggesting the need for effective healthy sleep interventions. To develop such interventions, it is important to first gather insight into the possible factors related to sleep. Moreover, previous research has indicated that chances of intervention effectivity could be increased by actively involving adolescents when developing such interventions. This study examined psychosocial factors related to sleep in adolescents and investigated adolescents’ willingness to participate in the...

Predictors of return to work after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of current literature and recommendations for future research

Helena Van Deynse, Carl Ilunga Kazadi, Eva Kimpe, Ives Hubloue, Maarten Moens & Koen Putman
To identify factors associated with employment between six months and five years after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Using a predefined search algorithm, four electronic databases were searched for literature published between 2014 and the first half of April 2021 containing predictors of employment outcome. Data were selected in accordance with the PRISMA flow and the whole process was conducted by two reviewers who had to attain a consensus. The study results were discussed with an...

Level and comfort of caregiver–young adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health: a cross-sectional survey in south-western Uganda

Cecilia Akatukwasa, Viola N. Nyakato, Dorcus Achen, Elizabeth Kemigisha, Daniel Atwine, Wendo Mlahagwa, Stella Neema, Gad Ndaruhutse Ruzaaza, Gily Coene, Godfrey Z. Rukundo & Kristien Michielsen
Abstract Background Communication on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) between caregivers and their young adolescent children plays a significant role in shaping attitudes and behaviours that are critical to laying the foundations for positive and safe SRH behaviours in later adolescence. Nevertheless, this communication is often limited, particularly in countries where adolescent sexuality is taboo. This study assessed the topics discussed (‘level’) and the comfort of caregivers with communicating with young adolescents on SRH, and...

sj-docx-1-pcr-10.1177_26323524221137601 – Supplemental material for Researching two Compassionate Cities: study protocol for a mixed-methods process and outcome evaluation

Bert Quintiens, Tinne Smets, Kenneth Chambaere, Lieve Van Den Block, Luc Deliens & Joachim Cohen
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-pcr-10.1177_26323524221137601 for Researching two Compassionate Cities: study protocol for a mixed-methods process and outcome evaluation by Bert Quintiens, Tinne Smets, Kenneth Chambaere, Lieve Van Den Block, Luc Deliens and Joachim Cohen in Palliative Care and Social Practice

sj-docx-1-pcr-10.1177_26323524221137601 – Supplemental material for Researching two Compassionate Cities: study protocol for a mixed-methods process and outcome evaluation

Bert Quintiens, Tinne Smets, Kenneth Chambaere, Lieve Van Den Block, Luc Deliens & Joachim Cohen
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-pcr-10.1177_26323524221137601 for Researching two Compassionate Cities: study protocol for a mixed-methods process and outcome evaluation by Bert Quintiens, Tinne Smets, Kenneth Chambaere, Lieve Van Den Block, Luc Deliens and Joachim Cohen in Palliative Care and Social Practice

Data from: Functional diversity and structural disorder in the human ubiquitination pathway

Pallab Bhowmick, Rita Pancsa, Mainak Guharoy & Peter Tompa
The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays a central role in cellular regulation and protein quality control (PQC). The system is built as a pyramid of increasing complexity, with two E1 (ubiquitin activating), few dozen E2 (ubiquitin conjugating) and several hundred E3 (ubiquitin ligase) enzymes. By collecting and analyzing E3 sequences from the KEGG BRITE database and literature, we assembled a coherent dataset of 563 human E3s and analyzed their various physical features. We found an increase in...

Data from: A refugee camp in the center of Europe: clinical characteristics of asylum seekers arriving in brussels

Gerlant Van Berlaer, Francisca Bohle Carbonell, Sofie Manantsoa, Xavier De Béthune, Ronald Buyl, Michel Debacker & Ives Hubloue
Background In the summer of 2015, the exodus of Syrian war refugees and saturation of refugee camps in neighboring countries led to the influx of asylum-seekers in European countries, including Belgium. This study aims to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of asylum-seekers that arrived in a huddled refugee camp, in the center of a well-developed country with all medical facilities. Methods Using a descriptive cross-sectional study design, physicians of Médecins du Monde prospectively registered...

Registration Year

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Affiliations

  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    143
  • Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel
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  • Ghent University Hospital
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