141 Works

Data from: Children in the Syrian civil war: the familial, educational, and public health impact of ongoing violence

Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Gerlant Van Berlaer, Mohammad Al Safadi, Michel Debacker, Ronald Buyl, Atef Redwan & Ives Hubloue
The Syrian civil war since 2011 has led to one of the most complex humanitarian emergencies in history. The objective of this study was to document the impact of the conflict on the familial, educational, and public health state of Syrian children. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in May 2015. Health care workers visited families with a prospectively designed data sheet in 4 Northern Syrian governorates. The 1001 children included in this study originated...

Data from: A ketocarotenoid-based color polymorphism in the Sira poison frog Ranitomeya sirensis indicates novel gene interactions underlying aposematic signal variation

Evan Twomey, James Johnson, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher & Ines Van Bocxlaer
The accumulation of red ketocarotenoids is an important component of coloration in many organisms, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In some organisms, ketocarotenoids are sequestered from the diet and can accumulate when enzymes responsible for carotenoid breakdown are disrupted. In other organisms, ketocarotenoids are formed endogenously from dietary precursors via oxidation reactions carried out by carotenoid ketolase enzymes. Here, we study the genetic basis of carotenoid coloration in an amphibian. We demonstrate that...

Microsatellite data of Avicennia marina from Gazi Bay, Kenya

Ludwig Triest
Mangrove ecosystems along the East African coast are often characterized by a disjunct zonation of seaward and landward Avicennia marina. This disjunct zonation may be maintained through different positions in the tidal frame, yielding different dispersal settings. The spatial configuration of the landscape and coastal processes such as tides and waves are expected to largely influence the extent of propagule transport and subsequent regeneration. We hypothesized that landward sites would keep a stronger genetic structure...

Dynamic feedbacks among tree functional traits, termite populations and deadwood turnover

Chao Guo, Bin Tuo, Ci Hang, Enrong Yan & Johannes H. C. Cornelissen
1. Changes in the composition of plant functional traits may affect ecosystem processes through influencing trophic interactions. Bottom-up control by plant species through food availability to animals may vary with time. However, such dynamics and their consequences for deadwood turnover are poorly known for detrital food webs. 2. We introduce a dynamic conceptual model of the feedback of (deadwood-feeding) termite populations, tree functional traits and deadwood decomposition. We hypothesized that tree functional diversity (in terms...

EURADOS Intercomparison on Compartmental Model for 18F-FDG Developed by Hays and Segall

Wei Bo Li, David Broggio, Augusto Giussani, Tomáš Vrba, Kerstin Hürkamp, Alexandra Kamp, Dietmar Noßke, Lara Struelens & Peter Covens
Abstract: This report was originated from the analysis of the results of a joint EURADOS-EANM project about the assessment of the external radiation dose rate to comforters and caregivers exposed to patients undergoing nuclear medical diagnostics and therapy. The compartmental model for 18F-FDG developed by Hays and Segall in 1999 was applied by EURADOS members for predicting the time activity curves (TAC) in the source organs and tissues, and the urinary excretion. Inconsistencies have been...

Additional file 1 of Genetic and epigenetic regulation of Catechol-O-methyltransferase in relation to inflammation in chronic fatigue syndrome and Fibromyalgia

Andrea Polli, Jolien Hendrix, Kelly Ickmans, Jelena Bakusic, Manosij Ghosh, Dora Monteyne, Brigitte Velkeniers, Bram Bekaert, Jo Nijs & Lode Godderis
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 2 of Genetic and epigenetic regulation of Catechol-O-methyltransferase in relation to inflammation in chronic fatigue syndrome and Fibromyalgia

Andrea Polli, Jolien Hendrix, Kelly Ickmans, Jelena Bakusic, Manosij Ghosh, Dora Monteyne, Brigitte Velkeniers, Bram Bekaert, Jo Nijs & Lode Godderis
Supplementary Material 2

Ultra-broadband and high-efficiency Planar Chiral Metamaterial

Shahid Hussain, Qingquan Liu, Zubaria Maroof, Ruonan Ji & Shao-Wei Wang
To date, only helix-like assemblies are known of delivering broadband and efficient optical chirality, however, as their dimensions shrink to the nanoscale, it becomes increasingly difficult to realize three-dimensional (3D) building blocks and accurate alignments. Besides, a continuous optical channel requirement hinders the downsizing for integrated photonics. Here, we introduce an alternative approach based on two assembled layers of dielectric-metal nanowires to demonstrate that chiroptic effects similar to helix-like metamaterials can be realized with an...

Differences in network structure and connectivity of four (protected) Palearctic-Afrotropical flyways

Evelien Deboelpaep, Lisa Partoens, Nico Koedam & Bram Vanschoenwinkel
Aim – Waterbirds that travel seasonally between Europe and Africa use wetlands along four major Palearctic-Afrotropical flyways. However, it is unknown to what extent the overall connectivity of these flyways may be threatened by ongoing habitat loss and degradation. Here, we contrasted the wetland connectivity along these four flyways, applying graph-theoretic connectivity metrics on an intercontinental scale. We also explored for which flyway connectivity is most at risk. We then identified the most important wetlands...

Data from: An integrative skeletal and paleogenomic analysis of stature variation suggests relatively reduced health for early European farmers

Stephanie Marciniak, Christina Bergey, Ana Maria Silva, Agata Hałuszko, Mirosław Furmanek, Barbara Veselka, Petr Velemínský, Giuseppe Vercellotti, Joachim Wahl, Gunita Zarina, Cristina Longhi, Jan Kolář, Rafael Garrido-Pena, Raúl Flores-Fernández, Ana M. Herrero-Corral, Angela Simalcsik, Werner Müller, Alison Sheridan, Žydrūnė Miliauskienė, Rimantas Jankauskas, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Kitti Köhler, Ágnes Király, Beatriz Gamarra, Olivia Cheronet … & George H. Perry
Human culture, biology, and health were shaped dramatically by the onset of agriculture ~12,000 years before present (BP). This shift is hypothesized to have resulted in increased individual fitness and population growth as evidenced by archaeological and population genomic data alongside a decline in physiological health as inferred from skeletal remains. Here, we consider osteological and ancient DNA data from the same prehistoric individuals to study human stature variation as a proxy for health across...

Data from: Delegation to artificial agents fosters prosocial behaviors in the collective risk dilemma

Elias Fernandez Domingos, Inês Terrucha, Rémi Suchon, Jelena Grujić, Juan C. Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos & Tom Lenaerts
Home assistant chat-bots, self-driving cars, drones or automated negotiation systems are some of the several examples of autonomous (artificial) agents that have pervaded our society. These agents enable the automation of multiple tasks, saving time and (human) effort. However, their presence in social settings raises the need for a better understanding of their effect on social interactions and how they may be used to enhance cooperation towards the public good, instead of hindering it. To...

Additional file 1 of Blood transcriptomics to facilitate diagnosis and stratification in pediatric rheumatic diseases – a proof of concept study

My Kieu Ha, Esther Bartholomeus, Luc Van Os, Julie Dandelooy, Julie Leysen, Olivier Aerts, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Eline De Smet, Jan Gielen, Khadija Guerti, Michel De Maeseneer, Nele Herregods, Bouchra Lechkar, Ruth Wittoek, Elke Geens, Laura Claes, Mahmoud Zaqout, Wendy Dewals, Annelies Lemay, David Tuerlinckx, David Weynants, Koen Vanlede, Gerlant van Berlaer, Marc Raes, Helene Verhelst … & Benson Ogunjimi
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 2 of Blood transcriptomics to facilitate diagnosis and stratification in pediatric rheumatic diseases – a proof of concept study

My Kieu Ha, Esther Bartholomeus, Luc Van Os, Julie Dandelooy, Julie Leysen, Olivier Aerts, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Eline De Smet, Jan Gielen, Khadija Guerti, Michel De Maeseneer, Nele Herregods, Bouchra Lechkar, Ruth Wittoek, Elke Geens, Laura Claes, Mahmoud Zaqout, Wendy Dewals, Annelies Lemay, David Tuerlinckx, David Weynants, Koen Vanlede, Gerlant van Berlaer, Marc Raes, Helene Verhelst … & Benson Ogunjimi
Supplementary Material 2

Additional file 3 of Blood transcriptomics to facilitate diagnosis and stratification in pediatric rheumatic diseases – a proof of concept study

My Kieu Ha, Esther Bartholomeus, Luc Van Os, Julie Dandelooy, Julie Leysen, Olivier Aerts, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Eline De Smet, Jan Gielen, Khadija Guerti, Michel De Maeseneer, Nele Herregods, Bouchra Lechkar, Ruth Wittoek, Elke Geens, Laura Claes, Mahmoud Zaqout, Wendy Dewals, Annelies Lemay, David Tuerlinckx, David Weynants, Koen Vanlede, Gerlant van Berlaer, Marc Raes, Helene Verhelst … & Benson Ogunjimi
Supplementary Material 3

Additional file 1 of Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and neurobehavioral function and cognition in adolescents (2010–2011) and elderly people (2014): results from the Flanders Environment and Health Studies (FLEHS)

Nicolas van Larebeke, Gudrun Koppen, Sam Decraemer, Ann Colles, Liesbeth Bruckers, Elly Den Hond, Eva Govarts, Bert Morrens, Thomas Schettgen, Sylvie Remy, Dries Coertjens, Tim Nawrot, Vera Nelen, Willy Baeyens & Greet Schoeters
Additional file 1 : Table S1. FLEHS-2 campaign on adolescents. List of confounders and potential covariates included in stepwise multiple or logistic regressions. Table S2. FLESH-3 campaign on adults. List of confounders and potential covariates included in stepwise multiple or logistic regressions. Table S3. Association of blood concentrations of perfluoro compounds with ln-transformed cognitive and neuropsychological parameters. Table S4. Association of blood concentrations of perfluoro compounds with non-transformed cognitive and neuropsychological parameters.

Influencing factors on instrumental activities of daily living functioning in people with mild cognitive disorder – a secondary investigation of cross-sectional data

Marina Bruderer-Hofstetter, Ellen Gorus, Elise Cornelis, André Meichtry & Patricia De Vriendt
Abstract Background Finding a strategy to reduce the impact of cognitive decline on everyday functioning in persons suffering from cognitive impairment is a public health priority. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) are key to everyday functioning. Hence, it is essential to understand the influencing factors on IADL to develop specific interventions to improve everyday functioning in persons with mild cognitive disorder. Therefore, this study aimed to 1) explore different influencing factors on IADL functioning...

Gene expression of secretory proteins in the nuptial pads of three Lithobates species (Anura: Ranidae)

Lisa M. Schulte, Julia Jendras, Evan Twomey, Aurelio Ramirez-Bautista & Franky Bossuyt
Many amphibian species possess male-specific secretory breeding glands. In anurans, such specialized glands are often present as nuptial pads at the first digit of the hand, which are pressed against the female during amplexus. However, the role of nuptial pad secretions remains largely unknown. Here, we investigate the inner morphology as well as the RNA expression patterns of the nuptial pads of several Central American Lithobates species (Ranidae). As shown for the breeding glands of...

Gene expression of secretory proteins in the nuptial pads of three Lithobates species (Anura: Ranidae)

Lisa M. Schulte, Julia Jendras, Evan Twomey, Aurelio Ramirez-Bautista & Franky Bossuyt
Many amphibian species possess male-specific secretory breeding glands. In anurans, such specialized glands are often present as nuptial pads at the first digit of the hand, which are pressed against the female during amplexus. However, the role of nuptial pad secretions remains largely unknown. Here, we investigate the inner morphology as well as the RNA expression patterns of the nuptial pads of several Central American Lithobates species (Ranidae). As shown for the breeding glands of...

Additional file 1 of Consultation of parents and healthcare professionals in end-of-life decision-making for neonates and infants: a population-level mortality follow-back physician survey

Laure Dombrecht, Filip Cools, Joachim Cohen, Luc Deliens, Linde Goossens, Gunnar Naulaers, Kim Beernaert & Kenneth Chambaere
Additional file 1.

Consultation of parents and healthcare professionals in end-of-life decision-making for neonates and infants: a population-level mortality follow-back physician survey

Laure Dombrecht, Filip Cools, Joachim Cohen, Luc Deliens, Linde Goossens, Gunnar Naulaers, Kim Beernaert & Kenneth Chambaere
Abstract Background End-of-life decisions with potential life-shortening effect in neonates and infants are common. We aimed to evaluate how often and in what manner neonatologists consult with parents and other healthcare providers in these cases, and whether consultation is dependent on the type of end-of-life decision made. Methods Based on all deaths under the age of one that occurred between September 2016 and December 2017 in Flanders, Belgium, a nationwide mortality follow-back survey was performed....

Additional file 1 of The cultural adaptation of the go wish card game for use in Flanders, Belgium: a public health tool to identify and discuss end-of-life preferences

Charlèss Dupont, Tinne Smets, Fanny Monnet, Malin Eneslätt, Carol Tishelman & Lieve Van den Block
Additional file 1. Overview of reasons for cultural adaptations.

Additional file 2 of The cultural adaptation of the go wish card game for use in Flanders, Belgium: a public health tool to identify and discuss end-of-life preferences

Charlèss Dupont, Tinne Smets, Fanny Monnet, Malin Eneslätt, Carol Tishelman & Lieve Van den Block
Additional file 2. Overview Flemish cards.

Additional file 3 of The cultural adaptation of the go wish card game for use in Flanders, Belgium: a public health tool to identify and discuss end-of-life preferences

Charlèss Dupont, Tinne Smets, Fanny Monnet, Malin Eneslätt, Carol Tishelman & Lieve Van den Block
Additional file 3. Exemple questions in questionnaire.

Supplemental Material - Caregiver Experiences Navigating the Diagnostic Journey in a Rapidly Progressing Dementia

Alissa Bernstein Sideman, Joni Gilissen, Krista L Harrison, Sarah B Garrett, Michael J Terranova, Christine S Ritchie & Michael D Geschwind
Supplemental Material for Caregiver Experiences Navigating the Diagnostic Journey in a Rapidly Progressing Dementia by Alissa Bernstein Sideman, Joni Gilissen, Krista L Harrison, Sarah B Garrett, Michael J Terranova, Christine S Ritchie, and Michael D Geschwind in Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology

Supplemental Material - Caregiver Experiences Navigating the Diagnostic Journey in a Rapidly Progressing Dementia

Alissa Bernstein Sideman, Joni Gilissen, Krista L Harrison, Sarah B Garrett, Michael J Terranova, Christine S Ritchie & Michael D Geschwind
Supplemental Material for Caregiver Experiences Navigating the Diagnostic Journey in a Rapidly Progressing Dementia by Alissa Bernstein Sideman, Joni Gilissen, Krista L Harrison, Sarah B Garrett, Michael J Terranova, Christine S Ritchie, and Michael D Geschwind in Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology

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