Changes in abiotic factors along altitudinal and latitudinal gradients cause powerful environmental gradients. The topography of alpine areas generates environmental gradients over short distances, and alpine areas are expected to experience greater temperature increase compared to the global average. In this study, we investigate alpha, beta and gamma diversity, as well as community structure, of vascular plant communities along altitudinal gradients at three latitudes in the Swedish mountains. Species richness and evenness decreased with altitude...
1. Trophic relationships have inherent spatial dimensions associated with the sites where species interactions, or their delayed effects, occur. Trophic networks among interacting species may thus be coupled with spatial networks linking species and habitats whereby animals connect patches across the landscape thanks to their high mobility. This trophic and spatial duality is especially inherent in processes like seed dispersal by animals, where frugivores consume fruit species and deposit seeds across habitats. 2. We analysed...
Enhancing ecosystem services in apple orchards: Nest boxes increase pest control by insectivorous birdsDaniel García, Marcos Miñarro & Rodrigo Martínez-Sastre
Ecological intensification in croplands aims to enhance biodiversity-based ecosystem services, helping to increase yield while reducing agricultural environmental impacts. Identifying ecological intensification tools of wide applicability and easily implemented by farmers is, therefore, an imperative. Here, we verify the efficiency of provisioning artificial nest boxes for insectivorous birds to reinforce pest biological control in apple orchards. The study was conducted in 24 cider-apple orchards in Asturias (NW Spain) over three years. We compared the effect...
This paper considers friendship as an affective terrain of feminist alliance among subjects that belong to territories with a colonial record responding to the colonial/modern gender system (Lugones 2007) through the arts. Friendship is here conceptualized as an engagement of feminist solidarity unfolding within theoretical and practical models of change and resistance against the logics of cultural imperialism (Lugones and Spelman 1983). Turning friendship into a polyphonic feminist reaction, this work is conducted by acknowledging...
The roles of acclimation and behavior in buffering climate change impacts along elevational gradientsUrtzi Enriquez-Urzelai, Reid Tingley, Michael Kearney, Martina Sacco, Antonio Palacio, Miguel Tejedo & Alfredo Nicieza
1. The vulnerability of species to climate change is jointly influenced by geographic phenotypic variation, acclimation, and behavioral thermoregulation. The importance of interactions between these factors, however, remains poorly understood. 2. We demonstrate how advances in mechanistic niche modelling can be used to integrate and assess the influence of these sources of uncertainty in forecasts of climate change impacts. 3. We explored geographic variation in thermal tolerance (i.e. maximum and minimum thermal limits) and its...
Data from: From structure to function in mutualistic interaction networks: topologically important frugivores have greater potential as seed dispersersJuan Fernando Acevedo-Quintero, Joan Zamora-Abrego & Daniel García
1. Networks of mutualistic interactions between animals and plants are considered a pivotal part of ecological communities. However, mutualistic networks are rarely studied from the perspective of species-specific roles, and it remains to be established whether those animal species more relevant for network structure also contribute more to the ecological functions derived from interactions. 2. Here, we relate the contribution to seed dispersal of vertebrate species with their topological role in frugivore-plant interaction networks. For...
Data from: Parallel and non-parallel changes of the gut microbiota during trophic diversification in repeated young adaptive radiations of sympatric cichlid fishAndreas Härer, Julián Torres-Dowdall, Sina J. Rometsch, Elizabeth Yohannes, Gonzalo Machado-Schiaffino & Axel Meyer
Background: Recent increases in understanding the ecological and evolutionary roles of microbial communities has underscored their importance for their hosts’ biology. Yet, little is known about gut microbiota dynamics during early stages of ecological diversification and speciation. We sequenced the V4 region of the 16s rRNA gene to study the gut microbiota of extremely young adaptive radiations of Nicaraguan Midas cichlid fish (Amphilophus cf. citrinellus) from two crater lakes to test the hypothesis that parallel...
Allometric modelling of plant biomass from drone-acquired photographs: drone images, ground control marker coordinates and biomass data from 36 sites, 2016-2020A. Cunliffe, K. Anderson, F. Boschetti, H. Graham, R. Brazier, I. Myers-Smith, T. Astor, M. Boer, L. Calvo, P. Clark, M. Cramer, M. Encinas-Lara, S. Escarzaga, J. Fernández-Guisuraga, A. Fisher, K. Gdulová, B. Gillespie, A. Griebel, N. Hanan, M. Hanggito, S. Haselberger, C. Havrilla, W. Ji, J. Karl, M. Kirchhoff … & R. Wojcikiewicz
This dataset contains RGB photographs acquired from drone surveys. There are 741 harvest plots from 38 surveys at 36 sites around the world. Each site was approximately 1 ha in area. Included with the photographic images are the coordinates of ground control markers, biomass, taxonomic and location data for harvest plots and ancillary metadata. The observations can be used to obtain allometric size-biomass models. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award...
Biodiversity components mediate the response to forest loss and the effect on ecological processes of plant-frugivore assemblagesRocío Peña, Matthias Schleuning, Isabel Donoso, Javier Rodríguez-Pérez, Fredrik Dalerum & Daniel García
1. Anthropogenic disturbances are jeopardizing ecosystem functioning globally. Yet we know very little about the effect of human impacts on ecological processes derived from trophic interactions. By focusing on biodiversity components of consumer and resource organisms, such as the diversity of phylogenetic lineages and the diversity of traits that influence species interactions, it is possible to simultaneously address the responses to disturbances and their effects on processes. 2. Here, we evaluate the consequences of forest...
Large carnivore expansion in Europe is associated with human population density and land cover changesMarta Cimatti, Nathan Ranc, Ana Ana Benítez-López, Luigi Maiorano, Luigi Boitani, Francesca Cagnacci, Mirza Čengić, Paolo Ciucci, Mark Huijbregts, Miha Krofel, José López Bao, Nuria Selva, Henrik Andren, Carlos Bautista, Duško Cirovic, Heather Hemmingmoore, Ilka Reinhardt, Miha Marenče, Yorgos Mertzanis, Luca Pedrotti, Igor Trbojević, Andreas Zetterberg, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica & Luca Santini
Aim: The recent recovery of large carnivores in Europe has been explained as resulting from a decrease in human persecution driven by widespread rural land abandonment, paralleled by forest cover increase and the consequent increase in availability of shelter and prey. We investigated whether land cover and human population density changes are related to the relative probability of occurrence of three European large carnivores: the grey wolf (Canis lupus), the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) and...
University of Oviedo10
University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour2
German Institute for Economic Research1
Estación Biológica de Doñana1
New Mexico State University1
Radboud University Nijmegen1
Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre1
Polish Academy of Sciences1
University of Melbourne1