18 Works

Data from: Pathways to global-change effects on biodiversity: New opportunities for dynamically forecasting demography and species interactions

Maria Paniw & Francisco Lloret
In structured populations, persistence under environmental change is threatened when abiotic factors simultaneously negatively affect survival and reproduction of several life-cycle stages. Such effects can then be exacerbated when species interactions generate reciprocal feedbacks between the demographic rates of the different species. Despite the importance of such demographic feedbacks, forecasts that account for them are severely limited as individual-based data on interacting species are perceived to be essential for such mechanistic forecasting - but are...

Functional assembly of grassland plant species in native communities in Spain and recipient communities in California

Javier Galán Díaz, Montserrat Vilà, Ingrid Parker & Enrique G. De La Riva
A major aim in invasion ecology is to understand the role of exotic species in plant communities. Whereas most studies have explored the traits of exotic species in the context of the introduced community, functional comparisons of entire assemblages of species in their native and introduced communities have rarely been analysed. Taking advantage of the unidirectional invasion of plant species of European origin (i.e. colonizers) into California, this study aims to investigate the relative importance...

Functional diversity of macroinvertebrates as a tool to evaluate wetland restoration

Cristina Coccia, Bia Almeida, Andy Green, Ana Bélen & José Antonio Carbonell
Ecological restoration of aquatic ecosystems has become widespread in recent decades. Whereas the recovery of biodiversity in restored wetlands has been studied from a taxonomic perspective, our knowledge of how functional biodiversity recovers remains poorly understood. We studied the functional diversity of macroinvertebrate communities in 32 Mediterranean temporary ponds six to seven years after their creation during a restoration in South-West Spain, and compared them with 10 natural reference sites during two consecutive hydroperiods. We...

Database outcomes systematic review on participatory restoration ecology scenarios

Laura Catalina Quintero Uribe, Laetitia M. Navarro, Henrique M. Pereira & Néstor Fernández
Large-scale ecological restoration is crucial for effective biodiversity conservation and combating climate change. However, perspectives on the goals and values of restoration are highly diverse, as are the different approaches to restoration e.g., ranging from the restoration of cultural ecosystems to rewilding. We assess how the future of nature is envisioned in participatory scenarios, focusing on which elements of rewilding and nature contributions to people have been considered in scenario narratives across Europe. We use...

Life history data for: High investment into reproduction is associated with reduced lifespan in dogs

Iker Bargas-Galarraga, Carles Vilà & Alejandro Gonzalez-Voyer
Prominent differences in aging among and within species present an evolutionary puzzle. The theories proposed to explain evolutionary differences in aging are based on the axiom that selection maximizes fitness, not necessarily lifespan. This implies trade-offs between investment into self-maintenance and investment into reproduction, where high investment into growth and current reproduction are associated with short lifespans. Fast growth and large adult size are related with shorter lifespans in the domestic dog, a bourgeoning model...

Elevational and local climate variability predicts thermal breadth of mountain tropical tadpoles

Pol Pintanel, Miguel Tejedo, Andrés Merino-Viteri, Freddy Almeida-Reinoso, Sofia Salinas-Ivanenko, Andrea C. López-Rosero, Gustavo A. Llorente & Luis M. Gutiérrez-Pesquera
The climate variability hypothesis posits that increased environmental thermal variation should promote species with broader thermal tolerance breadths, while stable environments should promote thermal specialists. This hypothesis has been tested on large spatial scales, such as latitude and elevation, but less so on smaller scales which reflect the experienced microclimate. Here, we estimated thermal tolerance limits of 75 species of amphibian tadpoles from an aseasonal tropical mountain range of the Ecuadorian Andes, distributed along a...

Seed dispersal by waterbirds: a mechanistic understanding by simulating avian digestion

Casper H.A. Van Leeuwen, Merel B. Soons, Laura Vandionant, Andy J. Green & Elisabeth S. Bakker
Waterbirds disperse plant species via ingestion and egestion of seeds (endozoochory). However, our understanding about the regulating effects of seed traits, underlying mechanisms and possible (co)evolutionary processes is limited by our traditional reliance on data from feeding experiments with living waterbirds. Here, we overcome these limitations by developing and applying a new bioassay that realistically simulates digestive processes for Anseriformes waterbirds. We test three hypotheses: (1) seed survival and germination are most affected by mechanical...

Genomic evidence of speciation by fusion in a recent radiation of grasshoppers

Víctor Noguerales & Joaquín Ortego
Post-divergence gene flow can trigger a number of creative evolutionary outcomes, ranging from the transfer of beneficial alleles across species boundaries (i.e., adaptive introgression) to the formation of new species (i.e., hybrid speciation). While neutral and adaptive introgression has been broadly documented in nature, hybrid speciation is assumed to be rare and the evolutionary and ecological context facilitating this phenomenon still remains controversial. Through combining genomic and phenotypic data, we evaluate the hypothesis that the...

Data supporting: Drivers of individual-based, antagonistic interaction networks during plant range expansion

Jorge Isla, Miguel Jácome-Flores, Pareja Daniel & Jordano Pedro
1. Range expansion in plant populations, especially at the colonization front, can be either limited by disproportionately large effects of antagonistic interactions or facilitated by their release. How the strength of antagonistic interactions changes along successional gradients during range expansion is still poorly documented, especially when diverse assemblages of plant antagonists (rodents, invertebrates, and birds) combine within interaction networks. 2. We study the changes in individual-based, predispersal seed-pulp predator networks along a colonization gradient in...

Spatio-temporal dynamics of genetic variation at the quantitative and molecular levels within a natural Arabidopsis thaliana population

Xavier Picó
Evolutionary change begins at the population scale. Therefore, understanding adaptive variation requires the identification of the factors maintaining and shaping standing genetic variation at the within-population level. Spatial and temporal environmental heterogeneity represent ecological drivers of within-population genetic variation, determining the evolutionary trajectory of populations along with random processes. Here, we focused on the effects of spatio-temporal heterogeneity on quantitative and molecular variation in a natural population of the annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana. We sampled...

Data and code: Global and regional ecological boundaries explain abrupt spatial discontinuities in avian frugivory interactions

Lucas P. Martins, Daniel B. Stouffer, Pedro G. Blendinger, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Galo Buitrón-Jurado, Marta Correia, José Miguel Costa, D. Matthias Dehling, Camila I. Donatti, Carine Emer, Mauro Galetti, Ruben Heleno, Pedro Jordano, Ícaro Menezes, José Carlos Morante-Filho, Marcia C. Muñoz, Eike Lena Neuschulz, Marco Aurélio Pizo, Marta Quitián, Roman A. Ruggera, Francisco Saavedra, Vinicio Santillán, Virginia Sanz D’Angelo, Matthias Schleuning, Luís Pascoal Da Silva … & Jason M. Tylianakis
Species interactions can propagate disturbances across space via direct and indirect effects, potentially connecting species at a global scale. However, ecological and biogeographic boundaries may mitigate this spread by demarcating the limits of ecological networks. We tested whether large-scale ecological boundaries (ecoregions and biomes) and human disturbance gradients increase dissimilarity among plant-frugivore networks, while accounting for background spatial and elevational gradients and differences in network sampling. We assessed network dissimilarity patterns over a broad spatial...

Data and code from: Reciprocity and interaction effectiveness in generalised mutualisms among free-living species

Elena Quintero, Francisco Rodríguez-Sánchez & Pedro Jordano
Mutualistic interactions among free-living species generally involve low-frequency interactions and highly asymmetric dependence among partners, yet our understanding of factors behind their emergence is still limited. Using individual-based interactions of a super-generalist fleshy-fruited plant with its frugivore assemblage, we estimated the Resource Provisioning Effectiveness (RPE) and Seed Dispersal Effectiveness (SDE) to assess the balance in the exchange of resources. Plants were highly dependent on a few frugivore species, while frugivores interacted with most individual plants,...

Hotspots in the grid: Avian sensitivity and vulnerability to collision risk from energy infrastructure interactions in Europe and North Africa

Jethro George Gauld, João P. Silva, Philip W. Atkinson, Paul Record, Marta Acácio, Volen Arkumarev, Julio Blas, Willem Bouten, Niall Burton, Inês Catry, Jocelyn Champagnon, Elizabeth A. Masden, Gary D. Clewley, Mindaugas Dagys, Olivier Duriez, Klaus‐Michael Exo, Wolfgang Fiedler, Andrea Flack, Guilad Friedemann, Johannes Fritz, Clara García-Ripollés, Stefan Garthe, Dimitri Giunchi, Atanas Grozdanov, Roi Harel … & Victoria Saravia
Wind turbines and power lines can cause bird mortality due to collision or electrocution. The biodiversity impacts of energy infrastructure (EI) can be minimised through effective landscape-scale planning and mitigation. The identification of high-vulnerability areas is urgently needed to assess potential cumulative impacts of EI while supporting the transition to zero-carbon energy. We collected GPS location data from 1,454 birds from 27 species susceptible to collision within Europe and North Africa and identified areas where...

A tradeoff between robustness to environmental fluctuations and speed of evolution

Max Schmid, Maria Paniw, Maarten Postuma, Arpat Ozgul & Frédéric Guillaume
The ability of a species to cope with both long-term and short-term environmental fluctuations might vary with the species' life history. While some life-history characteristics promote large and stable population sizes despite interannual environmental fluctuations, other life-history strategies might allow to evolve quickly in response to long-term gradual changes. In a theoretical study, we show that there is a tradeoff between both properties. Life-history characteristics that promote fast rates of evolution come at the expense...

Broad-scale patterns of geographic avoidance between species emerge in the absence of fine-scale mechanisms of coexistence

Roberto Novella-Fernandez, Javier Juste, Carlos Ibanez, Hugo Rebelo, Danilo Russo, Antton Alberdi, Andreas Kiefer, Laura Graham, Patrick Doncaster, Hynek Paul & Orly Razgour
Aim: The need to forecast range shifts under future climate change has motivated an increasing interest in better understanding the role of biotic interactions in driving diversity patterns. The contribution of biotic interactions to shaping broad-scale species distributions is however, still debated, partly due to the difficulty of detecting their effects. We aim to test whether spatial exclusion between potentially competing species can be detected at the species range scale, and whether this pattern relates...

Data from: Different taxonomic and functional indices complement the understanding of herb-layer community assembly patterns in a southern-limit temperate forest

Mercedes Valerio, Antonio Gazol, Javier Puy & Ricardo Ibáñez
The efficient conservation of vulnerable ecosystems in the face of global change requires a complete understanding of how plant communities respond to various environmental factors. We aim to demonstrate that a combined use of different approaches, traits, and indices representing each of the taxonomic and functional characteristics of plant communities will give complementary information on the factors driving vegetation assembly patterns. We analyzed variation across an environmental gradient in taxonomic and functional composition, richness, and...

Evolutionary consequences of pesticide exposure include transgenerational plasticity and potential terminal investment transgenerational effects

Verónica Castaño-Sanz, Ivan Gomez-Mestre & Francisco Garcia-Gonzalez
Transgenerational plasticity, the influence of the environment experienced by parents on the phenotype and fitness of subsequent generations, is being increasingly recognised. Human-altered environments, such as those resulting from the increasing use of pesticides, may be major drivers of such cross-generational influences, which in turn may have profound evolutionary and ecological repercussions. Most of these consequences are, however, unknown. Whether transgenerational plasticity elicited by pesticide exposure is common, and the consequences of its potential carry-over...

Raw data for: Novel food resources and conservation of ecological interactions between the Andean Araucaria and the Austral parakeet

Guillermo Blanco, Pedro Romero-Vidal, José L. Tella & Fernando Hiraldo
In fragile ecosystems, the introduction of exotic species could alter some ecological processes. The Austral parakeet (Enicognathus ferrugineous) shows close ecological and evolutionary relationships with the Andean Araucaria (Araucaria araucana), so any alteration in these interactions may have negative consequences for both partners and for ecosystem functioning and structure. We conducted extensive roadside surveys to estimate the abundance of parakeets in the northern Patagonian Andes over four years and recorded the food plants consumed by...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    18

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    18

Affiliations

  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    18
  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology
    2
  • University of Copenhagen
    2
  • University of Seville
    2
  • Universidad Católica de Cuenca
    1
  • Sao Paulo State University
    1
  • Linnaeus University
    1
  • Higher University of San Andrés
    1
  • Tokyo Metropolitan University
    1
  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
    1