Most eukaryotic organisms are arthropods. Yet, their diversity in rich terrestrial ecosystems is still unknown. Here we produce tangible estimates of the total species richness of arthropods in a tropical rainforest. Using a comprehensive range of structured protocols, we sampled the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa from the soil to the forest canopy in the San Lorenzo forest, Panama. We collected 6,144 arthropod species from 0.48 ha and extrapolated total species richness to larger areas...
Chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), is an emergent infectious disease partially responsible for worldwide amphibian population declines. The spread of Bd along highland habitats ( > 500 m a.s.l.) of Costa Rica and Panamá is well documented and has been linked to amphibian population collapses. In contrast, data are scarce on the prevalence and dispersal of Bd in lowland habitats where amphibians may be infected but asymptomatic. Here we describe the...
Quantifying the spatio-temporal distribution of arthropods in tropical rainforests represents a first step towards scrutinizing the global distribution of biodiversity on Earth. To date most studies have focused on narrow taxonomic groups or lack a design that allows partitioning of the components of diversity. Here, we consider an exceptionally large dataset (113,952 individuals representing 5,858 species), obtained from the San Lorenzo forest in Panama, where the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa was surveyed using 14...
Ecology of fear and its effect on seed dispersal by a neotropical rodent by Dumas Gálvez and Marisol HernándezDumas Gálvez & Marisol Hernández
Predators exert negative effects on prey, besides the act of killing, generating behavioral and physiological costs, a concept known as the ecology of fear. Studies in scatterhoarding rodents in temperate zones suggests that prey use habitat structure to perceive predation risk. Less is known about how tropical forest rodents perceive predation risk. Here, we investigated whether the Central American agouti perceive predation risk by ocelots through olfactory cues and whether it influences the foraging behavior...
Data from: The insect-focused classification of fruit syndromes in tropical rainforests: an inter-continental comparisonChris Dahl, Richard Ctvrtecka, Sofia Gripenberg, Owen T. Lewis, Simon T. Segar, Petr Klimes, Katerina Sam, Dominic Rinan, Jonah Filip, Roll Lilip, Pitoon Kongnoo, Montarika Panmeng, Sutipun Putnaul, Manat Reungaew, Marleny Rivera, Hector Barrios, Stuart J. Davies, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, Joseph S. Wright, George D. Weiblen, Vojtech Novotny & Yves Basset.
We propose a new classification of rainforest plants into eight fruit syndromes, based on fruit morphology and other traits relevant to fruit-feeding insects. This classification is compared with other systems based on plant morphology or traits relevant to vertebrate fruit dispersers. Our syndromes are based on fruits sampled from 1,192 plant species at three Forest Global Earth Observatory plots: Barro Colorado Island (Panama), Khao Chong (Thailand) and Wanang (Papua New Guinea). The three plots differed...
Data from: Adding landscape genetics and individual traits to the ecosystem function paradigm reveals the importance of species functional breadthAntonio R. Castilla, Nathaniel S. Pope, Megan O´Connell, María F. Rodriguez, Laurel Treviño, Alonso Santos & Shalene Jha
Animal pollination mediates both reproduction and gene flow for the majority of plant species across the globe. However, past functional studies have focused largely on seed production; although useful, this focus on seed set does not provide information regarding species-specific contributions to pollen-mediated gene flow. Here we quantify pollen dispersal for individual pollinator species across more than 690 ha of tropical forest. Specifically, we examine visitation, seed production, and pollen-dispersal ability for the entire pollinator...
Supporting data for the article ‘Three-years monitoring of roadkills trends in a road adjacent to a national park in Panama’Dumas Gálvez
Roadkill monitoring can provide important information about spatial and temporal trends, including influential factors on the probability of wildlife – collisions. Such data are important for applying mitigation measures that reduce the mortality of species of conservation concern. Unfortunately, road ecology is not a mainstream discipline in some regions of the world and Central America represents one of those cases. I aimed to monitor roadkills in a road next to a national Park in Panama...
Universidad De Panama7
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute4
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice3
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg2
The University of Texas at Austin2
Research Institute for Nature and Forest2
University of Toulouse2
Université Libre de Bruxelles2
National Autonomous University of Mexico2
Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz2