548 Works

Data from: Morphology, performance and fluid dynamics of the crayfish escape response

Jocelyn Hunyadi, Todd Currier, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi, Brooke Flammang & Ethan Clotfelter
Sexual selection can result in an exaggerated morphology that constrains locomotor performance. We studied the relationship between morphology and the tail-flip escape response in male and female rusty crayfish (Faxonius rusticus), a species in which males have enlarged claws (chelae). We found that females had wider abdomens and longer uropods (terminal appendage of the tail fan) than males, while males possessed deeper abdomens and larger chelae, relative to total length. Chelae size was negatively associated...

Positive and negative interspecific interactions between coexisting rice planthoppers neutralize the effects of elevated temperatures

Finbarr Horgan, Finbarr Horgan, Arriza Arida, Goli Ardestani & Maria Liberty Almazan
Global warming is often predicted to increase damage to plants through direct effects on insect herbivores. However, the indirect impacts of rising temperatures on herbivores, mediated through interactions with their biotic environment, could dampen these effects. Using a series of reciprocal density experiments with gravid females and developing nymphs, we examined interspecific competition between two coexisting phloem feeders, Nilaparvata lugens (BPH) and Sogatella furcifera (WBPH), on rice at 25°C and 30°C. WBPH performed better (i.e.,...

U.S. School Counselor State Licensure Requirements for Program Evaluation

Michael S. Trevisan, John C. Carey, Ian Martin & NarayanKripa Sundararajan

When No Means Yes: BDSM, Body Modification, and Japanese Womanhood as Monstrosity in Snakes and Earrings and Hotel Iris

Jarrel De Matas
This paper explores the representation of female monstrosity which are relied upon by two female Japanese writers to illustrate modern Japanese women’s process of reclaiming power. Hitomi Kanehara in Snakes and Earrings and Yōko Ogawa in Hotel Iris depict women involved in BDSM relationships which shape how their characters are seen, how they view themselves, and how they develop their consciousness of the world. Although the female protagonists of each novel are presented in a...

Small Fruit Phenolics: Phenolic Variations and Related Health Relevance

Susan Cheplick
Berries, specifically, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries, are considered an integral part of a healthy plant-based diet. Berries contain high levels of phenolic compounds, which contribute to the health benefits of berry consumption. Many phenolic compounds exhibit high levels of antioxidant activity and other health related benefits, including anti- microbial, anti-inflammatory and cardio-vascular related functional capabilities.

Flow Coating Mesoscale Assemblies: (i) Size and Geometry Scaling, (ii) Rapid Processing, and (iii) Double Helix Transformations

Satyan Choudhary
The work presented in this thesis focuses on building mesoscale assemblies by investigating and developing different flow coating methods, and creating double helix transformations. We establish size and geometry scaling for various control parameters of evaporative self-assembly based ‘stop-and-go’ flow coating method, followed by developing a new actuation mechanism for meniscus capillary break. We also create nanoribbon ladder structures that undergo double helix shape transformation upon release into solution. Our findings provide a robust platform...

AN ANALYSIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL OWNERSHIP AND DYNAMIC SOCIAL NETWORKS IN A CLASSROOM-AS-ORGANIZATION

Ovidiu Cocieru
The Classroom-as-Organization (CAO) approach involves creating and running an organization as part of class activities. Students act as managers that have control and responsibility over the organization created in the course. While scholars have recognized the value of this educational approach, we need a better understanding of the students’ experience in such a class. We took a multi-study approach to address this gap.

The Suicidal Self in Cyberspace: Co-Creating Meaning and Community Through Online Discourse

Mike Alvarez
Much research has been done on the benefits and harms associated with suicidal individuals' use of digital technologies. However, the meanings discursively created by suicidal persons online, and the unique properties of the internet that shape the co-creation of these meanings, have scarcely been studied. This dissertation enlists the ethnography of communication enterprise - specifically, Hymes's (1972) descriptive theory and Carbaugh's (2007) cultural discourse analysis - to understand the communicative possibilities within the digital terrain...

Quantifying the Mechanical Properties of Ultra-Thin Glassy Polymer Films

R. Konane Bay
Glassy polymer thin films are essential in many applications, including osmotic membranes and flexible electronics. Thinner films will benefit these technologies by increasing energy efficiency and lowering the cost of materials. However, as thickness decreases, the polymer films become fragile, making the films experimentally challenging to handle and to quantitatively study the mechanical properties. Many studies have focused on the changes in chain mobility and entanglements, while there are few studies on the changes in...

TPR-CONTAINING PROTEINS CONTROL PROTEIN ORGANIZATION AND HOMEOSTASIS FOR THE ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

Jill Bradley-Graham
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a complex, multifunctional organelle comprised of a continuous membrane and lumen that is organized into several functional regions. It plays various roles including protein translocation, folding, quality control, secretion, calcium signaling, and lipid biogenesis. Cellular protein homeostasis is maintained by a complicated chaperone network, and the largest functional family within this network consists of proteins containing tetratricopeptide repeats (TPRs). TPRs are well-studied structural motifs that mediate intermolecular protein-protein interactions, supporting...

BIOENERGETIC MECHANISMS OF AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN MUSCLE FATIGUE

Liam Fitzgerald
Muscle fatigue is defined as the reduced capacity to produce torque or power in response to contractile activity. Previous work has observed greater fatigue in older than young adults in response to high-velocity contractions, but similar fatigue with age in response to moderate-velocity contractions. The mechanisms for these age-related differences is not clear. One potential explanation is a greater accumulation of putative agents of fatigue (e.g., Pi, H2PO4-, and H+) in older than young muscle...

PROMOTION OF COLON HEALTH BY STRAWBERRY AND CRANBERRY

Yanhui Han

Design of Hardware with Quantifiable Security against Reverse Engineering

Shahrzad Keshavarz

Are Some Horizons Broader than Others? Study Abroad, Inequality, and the Influence on Careers and Education

Suzan Kommers

Optimal Linearization: Prosodic displacement in Khoekhoegowab and Beyond

Leland Kusmer

NEOGENE HISTORY OF THE KUROSHIO CURRENT EXTENSION AND PLANKTIC FORAMINIFERA EVOLUTIONARY IMPLICATIONS

Adriane Lam

The relationship of expressed and inhibited hostility to physiological activation.

SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF NON-COVALENT METAL ION-LIGAND INTERACTIONS

Regional Invasive Species & Climate Change Management Challenge: Nuisance Neonatives. Guidelines for Assessing Range-Shifting Species

Brittany B. Laginhas, , , , , , , &

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