12 Works

Guide to lionfish management in the Mediterranean

P. Kleitou, Jason M Hall-Spencer, Sian E. Rees & D. Kletou

Male song stability shows cross-year repeatability but does not affect reproductive success in a wild passerine bird

Alexander Hutfluss, Eira Bermúdez-Cuamatzin, Alexia Mouchet, Mark Briffa, Hans Slabbekoorn & Niels Dingemanse
Predictable behaviour (or “behavioural stability”) might be favoured in certain ecological contexts, e.g. when representing a quality signal. Costs associated with producing stable phenotypes imply selection should favour plasticity in stability when beneficial. Repeatable among-individual differences in degree of stability are simultaneously expected if individuals differ in ability to pay these costs, or in how they resolve cost-benefit trade-offs. Bird song represents a prime example, where stability may be costly yet beneficial when stable singing...

Hot-headed peckers: thermographic changes during aggression among juvenile pheasants (Phasianus colchicus)

Sophia Knoch, Mark Whiteside, Joah Madden, Paul Rose & Tim Fawcett
In group-living vertebrates, dominance status often covaries with physiological measurements (e.g. glucocorticoid levels), but it is unclear how dominance is linked to dynamic changes in physiological state over a shorter, behavioural timescale. In this observational study, we recorded spontaneous aggression among captive juvenile pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) alongside infrared thermographic measurements of their external temperature, a non-invasive technique previously used to examine stress responses in non-social contexts, where peripheral blood is redirected towards the body core....

Estimated Aspergillus fumigatus concentrations at postcode level within close proximity of outdoor composting facilities in England, 2005-2014

E.T. Hayes, A. Hansell, P. Douglas, A. Roca-Barcelo, B. Williams, S. Tyrell, S. Jackson, Z. Nasar, C. Rolph, S. Khera, A. Bennett & T. Gladding
These files represent the model build used to generate postcode level concentrations to estimate Aspergillus fumigatus exposure from outdoor composting activities in England between 2005 and 2014. Each file, named after the nearest SCAIL-Agriculture validated meteorological station used to model the outputs, contains modelled concentrations at composting sites within 4km of each composting site. These files, presented as.txt, are the .APL files used to model bioaerosol dispersion from every composting site in England, using ADMS...

Predator-based selection and the impact of edge sympatry on components of coral snake mimicry

Lauren Wilson, George Lonsdale, John David Curlis, Elizabeth Hunter & Christian L. Cox
Mimicry is a vivid example of how predator-driven selection can impact phenotypic diversity, which itself can be influenced by the presence (sympatry) or absence (allopatry) of a dangerous model. However, the impact of sympatry and allopatry on predation on mimicry systems at fine spatial scales (e.g., edge sympatry, allopatry) is not well understood. We used a clay model study in a montane tropical site in Honduras to test the impact of edge sympatry on 1)...

Location and condition of gorgonian forests in Italian coastal waters

Arianna Liconti
Gorgonian forests are among the most complex of subtidal habitats in the Mediterranean Sea, supporting high biodiversity and providing diverse ecosystem services. Despite their iconic status, the geographical distribution and condition of gorgonian species is poorly known. Using multiple online data types our primary aims were to compile, map and analyse observations of gorgonian forests in Italian coastal waters to assess the biological complexity of gorgonian forests; evaluate impacts and vulnerable species, and identify areas...

The gut microbiome variability of a butterflyfish increases on severely degraded Caribbean reefs

Friederike Clever, Jade M. Sourisse, Richard F. Preziosi, Jonathan A. Eisen, E. Catalina Rodriguez-Guerra, Jarrod J. Scott, Laetitia G.E. Wilkins, Andrew H. Altieri, W. Owen McMillan & Matthieu Leray
Environmental degradation has the potential to alter key mutualisms that underlie the structure and function of ecological communities. How microbial communities associated with fishes vary across populations and in relation to habitat characteristics remains largely unknown despite their fundamental roles in host nutrition and immunity. We find significant differences in the gut microbiome composition of a facultative coral-feeding butterflyfish (Chaetodon capistratus) across Caribbean reefs that differ markedly in live coral cover (∼0–30%). Fish gut microbiomes...

Decoupled dust deposition and ocean productivity in the Antarctic Zone of the Southern Ocean over the past 1.5 million years

Michael E. Weber , Ian Bailey , Sidney R. Hemming , Yasmina M. Martos , Brendan T. Reilly , Thomas A. Ronge , Stefanie Brachfeld , Trevor Williams , Maureen Raymo , Simon T. Belt , Hendrik Vogel , Victoria Peck , Linda Armbrecht , Alix Cage , Fabricio G. Cardillo , Zhiheng Du , Gerson Fauth , Christopher J. Fogwill , Marga Garcia , Marlo Garnsworthy , Anna Glüder , Michelle Guitard , Marcus Gutjahr , Iván Hernández-Almeida , Frida S. Hoem … & Xufeng Zheng
Southern Ocean paleoceanography provides key insights into how iron fertilization and oceanic productivity developed through Pleistocene ice-ages and their role in influencing the carbon cycle. We report the first high-resolution record of dust deposition and ocean productivity for the Antarctic Zone, close to the main dust source, Patagonia. Our deep-ocean records cover the last 1.5 Ma, thus doubling that from Antarctic ice-cores. We find a ≥10-fold increase in dust deposition during glacials and a ≤5-fold...

Data from: Do positive interactions between marine invaders increase likelihood of invasion into natural and artificial habitats?

Louise Firth
Positive species interactions such as facilitation are important for enabling species to persist, especially in stressful conditions, and the nature and strength of facilitation varies along physical and biological gradients. Expansion of coastal infrastructure is creating hotspots of invasive species which can spillover into natural habitats, but the role of positive species interactions associated with biological invasions remains understudied. Theory suggests that stronger biotic pressure in natural habitats inhibits invasion success. In space-limited marine systems,...

Climate-driven shifts in kelp forest composition reduce carbon sequestration potential

Luka Seamus Wright, Albert Pessarrodona & Andy Foggo
The potential contribution of kelp forests to blue carbon sinks is currently of great interest but interspecific variance has received no attention. In the temperate Northeast Atlantic, kelp forest composition is changing due to climate-driven poleward range shifts of cold temperate Laminaria digitata and L. hyperborea and warm temperate L. ochroleuca. To understand how this might affect the carbon sequestration potential of this ecosystem, we quantified interspecific differences in carbon export and decomposition alongside changes...

Encouraging academic literacy by undergraduate science publication

Jason Truscott

Registration Year

  • 2022
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    8
  • Journal Article
    2
  • Book
    1
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Plymouth
    9
  • Plymouth University
    3
  • Keele University
    1
  • University of Adelaide
    1
  • Spanish Institute of Oceanography
    1
  • Columbia University
    1
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
    1
  • Andalusian Earth Sciences Institute
    1
  • Oregon State University
    1
  • University of California, San Diego
    1