25 Works

Big Data and the Reference Class Problem. What Can We Legitimately Infer about Individuals?

Catherine Greene
Big data increasingly enables prediction of the behaviour and characteristics of individuals. This is ethically concerning on privacy grounds. However, this article discusses other reasons for concern. These predictions usually rely on generalisations about what certain sorts of people tend to do. Generalisations of this sort are often under scrutiny in legal cases, where, for example, lawyers argue that people with prior convictions are more likely to be guilty of the crime they are currently...

Danske krigsfanger blev overraskende godt behandlet under Englandskrigene

Bo Poulsen, Tim Leunig & Jelle van Lottum

EU Kids Online 2020 : technical report

Rostislav Zlamal, Hana MacHackova, David Smahel, Katarzyna Abramczuk, Kjartan Ólafsson, Elisabeth Staksrud &

Treatment gaps in severe asthma across nine OECD countries and recommendations for addressing them: an international survey of clinicians

Olina Efthymiadou, Bregtje Kamphuis, Victoria Tzouma & Panos Kanavos

The role of virtual health care and the pharmaceutical sector in improving population health

Bregtje Kamphuis, Jennifer Gill, Michelle Vogelzang, Madeleine Haig & Panos Kanavos

Local agreements in Syria Archive (LASA): LASA Homs

Rim Turkmani

Severe asthma care and treatment: indicators and data for performance management across ten countries

Bregtje Kamphuis, Olina Efthymiadou, Victoria Tzouma & Panos Kanavos

Local agreements in Syria Archive (LASA): LASA Four towns

Rim Turkmani

The multi-dimensional impacts of business accelerators: what does the research tell us?

Juanita Gonzalez-Uribe &

What do we know about hoarding behaviour and treatment approaches for older people? A thematic review

Nicole Steils, John Woolham, Jill Manthorpe, Stephen Martineau, Jennifer Owen, Martin Stevens & Michela Tinelli

Development of policies to increase headroom for innovation in Egypt and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Bregtje Kamphuis, Anna-Maria Fontrier, Madeleine Haig, Politopoulou Konstantina, Salyga Hana, Gentilini Gentilini & Panos Kanavos

Access to medicines in Europe delays and challenges for patient access: delays and challenges for patient access

Kamphuis Bregtje, Fontrier Anna-Maria, Gill Jennifer, Efthymiadou Olina, Salyga Hana & Panos Kanavos

Children’s experiences with cyberhate

Hana MacHackova, Catherine Blaya, Marie Bedrosova, David Smahel & Elisabeth Staksrud

Access to personalised oncology in Europe

Jennifer Gill, Anna-Maria Fontrier, Aurelio Miracolo & Panos Kanavos

Adolescents’ mental health vulnerabilities and the experience and impact of digital technologies: A multimethod pilot study

Christopher Edwards, Katarzyna Kostyrka-Allchorne, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Mariya Stoilova & Sonia Livingstone

Schemes providing support to people using direct payments: a UK survey

Vanessa Davey, Tom Snell, José Luis Fernández, Martin Knapp, Roseanne Tobin, Debbie Jolly, Margaret Perkins, Jeremy Kendall, Charlotte Pearson, Nicola Vick, Paul Swift, Geof Mercer & Mark Priestley

Alternative work arrangements and worker outcomes: evidence from payrolling

Bas Scheer, Wiljan van den Berge, Maarten Goos, Alan Manning & Anna Solomons

Pharmaceutical policy in China

Panos Kanavos, Mackenzie Mills & Anwen Zhang

LTCcovid International living report on COVID-19 and Long-Term Care

Adelina Comas-Herrera, Joanna Marczak, William , Klara Lorenz-Dant, &

Review of Energy Policy 2021

Rob Gross, Mike Bradshaw, Gavin Bridge, Gisa Weszkalnys, Imogen Rattle, Peter Taylor, Richard Lowes, Meysam Qadrdan, Jianzhong Wu, Jillian Anable, Nicola Beaumont, Astley Hastings, Rob Holland, Andrew Lovett & Anita Shepherd
2021 has been a landmark year for UK energy and climate policy. Plans and strategies were announced across many sectors, from offshore wind to how we heat our homes. The UK also hosted COP26 and pressed hard for greater ambition. Now that the spotlight has moved, in this Review, we consider whether plans will be adequate to deliver results. With a focus on gas and the UK continental shelf, industrial decarbonisation, heat, mobility and the...

Direct payments: a national survey of direct payments policy and practice

Vanessa Davey, Jose-Luis Fernandez, Martin Knapp, Nicola Vick, Debbie Jolly, Paul Swift, Roseanne Tobin, Jeremy Kendall, Jo Ferrie, Charlotte Pearson, Geof Mercer & Mark Priestley

Pourquoi les femmes occupent-elles moins de postes à responsabilité ? Une analyse des promotions universitaires en économie (Policy Brief, n°14)

Clément Bosquet, Pierre-Philippe Combes & Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa
Si les écarts entre les hommes et les femmes de taux d'emploi global et de salaires, à caractéristiques observables données, dont le type d'emploi, sont devenus très faibles, il n'en reste pas moins que les femmes occupent moins fréquemment des postes à haute responsabilité, mieux rémunérés. Notre étude sur le monde académique français en sciences économiques montre que les femmes ne sont pas discriminées lors des concours de promotion mais qu'elles postulent de 30 à...

Les pays d’Europe centrale et l’espace postsoviétique (Les Études du CERI, n° 235-236)

David Cadier
La crise profonde qui affecte les relations entre l’Union européenne et la Russie trouve ses origines et sa cristallisation dans la question de l’orientation politique, économique et stratégique des pays de l’espace postsoviétique. Face aux actions coercitives du Kremlin en Ukraine, et contrairement à ce que les divisions passées avaient pu laisser prévoir, les Etats membres de l’UE ont fait preuve d’unité dans leurs réponses collectives, s’accordant notamment sur la mise en place d’un régime...

Data from: Integrated radar and lidar analysis reveals extensive loss of remaining intact forest on Sumatra 2007–2010

Murray B. Collins & Edward T. A. Mitchard
Forests with high above ground biomass (AGB), including those growing on peat swamps, have historically not been thought suitable for biomass mapping and change detection using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). However, by integrating L-band (λ = 0.23 m) SAR with lidar data from the ALOS and ICESat earth-observing satellites respectively, and 56 forest plots, we were able to create a forest biomass and change map for a 10.7 Mha section of eastern Sumatra that still...

Data from: Impact of person-centred care training and person-centred activities on quality of life, agitation, and antipsychotic use in people with dementia living in nursing homes: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

Clive Ballard, Anne Corbett, Martin Orrell, Gareth Williams, Esme Moniz-Cook, Renee Romeo, Bob Woods, Lucy Garrod, Ingelin Testad, Barbara Woodward-Carlton, Jennifer Wenborn, Martin Knapp & Jane Fossey
Background: Agitation is a common, challenging symptom affecting large numbers of people with dementia and impacting on quality of life (QoL). There is an urgent need for evidence-based, cost-effective psychosocial interventions to improve these outcomes, particularly in the absence of safe, effective pharmacological therapies. This study aimed evaluate the efficacy of a person-centered care and psychosocial intervention (WHELD) on QoL, agitation and antipsychotic use in people with dementia living in nursing homes, and to determine...

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