20 Works

Occupant behaviours and environmental preferences in home-office environments versus conventional office environments; reflections from the pandemic.

Barah Rababa
This paper focuses on differences in thermal comfort perceptions and behaviours between home- based and conventional office settings and discusses the consequences of its findings on domestic energy use in the UK in the context of extreme circumstances and beyond. Data were collected using a web-based questionnaire and online follow-up interviews. The 106 responses to the questionnaire captured the frequency of some adaptive behaviours. The in-depth interviews revealed a wide range and diverse adaptation strategies...

Hacking the street - regenerative design principles for the existing urban street section and public realm

Marie H Haase
According to the UN, two out of every three people on the planet will live in cities by 2050 (UN-DESA, 2019). For sustainable development, cities must dynamically control and restrict their growth, save biodiversity and ecosystems, and at the same time address housing needs. Cities must simultaneously lessen their influence on the microclimate and increase their resistance to climate change. Brownfield site infill and urban regeneration, which revitalise the neighbourhood and environment, are one solution.
The...

Doom and Gloom: Leaving Erdoğan’s Turkey

Ahmed Erdi Öztürk & Hakki Tas

The future of Responsive Facade for multi-storey residential buildings in tropical climates

Paloma Souza
The design study seeks to comprehend the principles and elements of a Responsive Facade and how they affect energy efficiency and user comfort for space cooling for multi-story residential buildings in tropical climates. The research is based on precedent studies, occupant behavior, and a critical analysis of challenges in existing building facades, having Brazil as case study. Identifies the different factors that interfere in the environmental conditions and building performance to build parameters that will...

Design strategies for future residential buildings in Delhi, India

Bhawana Chaudhary
This study aims to understand that the houses designed today will be comfortable to live in in the next 100 years and proposes appropriate passive strategies that will be suitable for residential buildings in Delhi, India. To achieve the aim the present and future climate of the region is analyzed using the climate data provided by IPCC. The IPCC medium to high emission scenario is considered for the study. A residential building in Delhi is...

Incentivising owner occupiers and residential landlords to undertake retrofit in the UK

Tom Handford
In 2022, owner occupiers and private landlords are insufficiently attracted to the retrofit proposition. These sectors represent approximately 82% of the UK housing stock and contribute an estimated 25% of the UK's total carbon footprint. Through secondary research, the advantages and disadvantages associated with retrofit are reviewed in detail alongside a range of important factors, including policy and industry guidance.
Through literature research, 17 financial models that could be used to incentivise retrofit are defined. These...

Optimising operational energy in high-rise office buildings in the UK. The path towards net zero carbon.

Arta Ibrahimi
A framework by the UK Green Buildings highlights three key steps to achieve this goal: reducing emissions through efficiency, on-site or off-site renewable energy and using offsetting schemes to address the remaining balance. The high-rise office buildings have experienced a considerable rise recently, spending 68% of total non-domestic electricity use in the UK. Such buildings have a high energy demand and renewable energy sources arenât well suited for those structures. The current energy and emissions...

Comparative analysis of thermal comfort surveys with CFD simulations

Hassan Safdar Malik, Waqas Khalid, Absaar ul Jabbar, Adnan Adnan & Adeel Waqas
In this paper three dimensional numerical simulations are carried out for air-conditioned room environments having wall mounted units for two cases. The actual solar gain using P1 model using the solar irradiance values of day of survey along with actual geo-coordinates and time are incorporated in both cases for accurate solar solstice whereas the air conditioning units air flow details and temperatures are taken from OEM data. The solution is solved for PMV contours in...

Le changement linguistique en français: aspects socio-historiques

Tim Pooley & Dominique Lagorgette

Flow: Social housing for the fishing community of Kerala, India.

Amritha MaryAnn Thomas & Joana Soares Goncalves
Rehabilitation housing models usually account to maximise density by fitting large amounts of people into a small site, without catering to their quality of life and the general comfort of spaces. The "Pratheekshaâ government housing in Trivandrum, Kerala is one such example where a large number of people from the local fishing community of the region were rehabilitated into an inadequate site area after losing their homes in the 2018 âOckhiâ cyclone. This new housing...

Effect of indoor lights on development of Aspergillus versicolor in buildings

Borui Chen, Edward Barrett, Spyros Efthymiopoulos & Hector Altamirano
The presence of moulds inside buildings has been a growing concern as it may affect the integrity of buildings and the health of occupants. Most studies have focused on growth conditions involving moisture, temperature and construction materials. Though moulds are known to have light responses, ranging from developmental regulating to metabolites producing, it is unclear whether they respond to light levels found indoors. This study analysed the influence of indoor light of varying colour temperature...

Embodied carbon comparison between vernacular architecture and modern techniques in Albania

Aurora Baba & Gjergj Islami
Alarming CO2 levels from rapid industrial developments, including construction, are calling on architects to find better design solutions. Today in Albania, despite the continued growth of high-rise facilities, about 83% of buildings are individual 1-2 floors dwellings with reinforced concrete and bricks, whereas 4.2% are built with adobe bricks and timber before 1945, representing an opportunity to rethink the way low-high building materials are chosen. This study investigated traditional vernacular techniques and the impact of...

Green facade features for office buildings in the future climate

Wilanda Rachbuakhao
A facade's refurbishment is essential for London 2050 to achieve the zero-carbon goals since facades influence more than 50% of the energy consumed. The green façade strategy is passive solution to satisfy this issue due to its benefits. This work aims to evaluate the impacts of green facades on thermal comfort and wellbeing quality inside the environment of office buildings in London. Several scenario studies with various conclusions about how energy and daylight react to...

How can a façade design enhance daylight in office environments in temperate climates?: An energy-efficient approach toward sustainability

Mohit Attri
Making a structure eco-friendly and energy efficient should be one of the foremost requirements during the design phase so that it not only fulfills the needs of the present but also satisfies the demands of the future. Daylighting is one of the most critical areas to fulfil the above requirements. Recent studies highlight that in Europe, 70% of the office buildings' lighting consumption is fulfilled by electricity resulting in additional energy requirements and CO2 emissions....

Investigating alternative materials for displacement Shelters, using north- west Syria as an example

Lina Al-Saffar & Hector Altamirano
Syria is home to one of the most intense deteriorations of civilian livelihood and security, ranking in the bottom 5 of civil unrest indices consistently since the 2012 uprising (Maplecroft, 2021). As of 2022, Syria accounts for over 14 million FDIs, 6.9 million being IDPs, predominantly on the north-western coast. With extreme weather events occurring at greater frequencies, the failure of humanitarian organization aid, specifically the tents, must be investigated for their resilience. With limited...

Assessing the effectiveness of passive cooling design strategies to reduce overheating in epilepsy care homes in the UK

Siva Sai Varsha Kakuturu, Zoe Upton, Lisa Clayton, Sanjay Sisodiya & Anna Mavrogianni
Under a changing climate, indoor overheating in care settings is becoming a growing problem. In epilepsy care facilities, there has been evidence that high temperatures may increase seizure activity. This study evaluates the risks of overheating in care settings for epilepsy in the UK for present and future climate change scenarios and examines the impact of passive cooling strategies to mitigate overheating. Indoor overheating assessment was carried out using dynamic thermal modelling software. In the...

Impact of restorative spaces on the wellbeing of emergency unit general practitioners in Indonesian national referral hospital

Nisrina Meidiani & Anna Mavrogianni
Existing literature emphasises the need to provide healthcare workers with restorative spaces to promote wellbeing and resilience to external stressors. However, there is a lack of research on the effectiveness of different design factors of restorative spaces from the perspective of General Practitioners working in emergency care. This study examines three topics in existing restorative spaces: the form, the most significant architectural element, and its relationship with the wellbeing of Emergency Room General Practitioners in...

Residential heat pump operation in the UK (LATENT project) and deferral situation with air conditioning operation in Indonesia

Berth Phileinta Ginting
Heating, cooling, and dehumidification to assess the thermal comfort in buildings contributed around one-third of the worldwide energy demand, which are crucial in the energy decarbonization prospect. Electrification with renewables and building archetype arrangements in building energy utilization contribute to reducing carbon emissions. The paper aims to evaluate the energy performance of differential residential heat pumps and air conditioners in the different areas of study to optimize the energy consumption in the UK and Indonesia...

Comparative analysis of wall materials toward improved thermal comfort, reduced emission, and construction cost in tropical buildings

Mark Alegbe
Africa faces the greatest threat due to climate change. This research stems from the growing concerns for buildings in sub-Saharan Africa to respond to climate change issues by addressing the carbon emissions arising from using high embodied energy materials in building constructions. It investigates the use of timber and aerated brick as suitable replacements for concrete in the tropics for improved indoor comfort and reduced global warming impact (GWI). The investigation relies on Meteonorm and...

An experimental investigation of how human activities affect the behaviour of indoor airborne particles

Yiming Qi, Spyros Efthymiopoulos & Hector Altamirano
The outbreak of COVID-19 in 2019 triggered soaring public concern about respiratory infectious diseases. The motion of virus-carrier particles has also been researched by academia due to its susceptible characteristics caused by various factors. Particle behaviours can be influenced by human activities inducing effects, which can be regarded as an opportunity to support the development of efficient strategies for coping with infectious diseases. By performing simulation experiments, this paper investigated how door opening and human...

Registration Year

  • 2022
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Resource Types

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Affiliations

  • London Metropolitan University
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  • Cardiff University
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