156 Works

Observation on the effect of platelet-rich plasma combined with drugs in the treatment of herpes zoster neuralgia

Zenghua Zhou, Xin Hu, Fangran Yan, Yanhua Zhou, Ruilin He, Xiaolong Ye & Zongbin Jiang
To observe the effect of ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection in the treatment of herpes zoster neuralgia (HZN). Eighty patients with HZN were randomly divided into observation group and control group, with 40 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with ultrasound-guided PRP injection of target nerves combined with drugs. The control group was treated with drugs alone. The pain scores of before treatment (T0), and 1 week (T1), 1 month (T2), 3...

sj-docx-1-jdr-10.1177_00220345221123256 – Supplemental material for TRAF3IP2–IL-17 Axis Strengthens the Gingival Defense against Pathogens

J. Zhang, L. Sun, M.H.H. Withanage, S.M. Ganesan, M.A. Williamson, J.T. Marchesan, Y. Jiao, F.R. Teles, N. Yu, Y. Liu, D. Wu, K.L. Moss, A.K. Mangalam, E. Zeng, Y.L. Lei & S. Zhang
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-jdr-10.1177_00220345221123256 for TRAF3IP2–IL-17 Axis Strengthens the Gingival Defense against Pathogens by J. Zhang, L. Sun, M.H.H. Withanage, S.M. Ganesan, M.A. Williamson, J.T. Marchesan, Y. Jiao, F.R. Teles, N. Yu, Y. Liu, D. Wu, K.L. Moss, A.K. Mangalam, E. Zeng, Y.L. Lei and S. Zhang in Journal of Dental Research

Ecological signal in the size and shape of marine amniote teeth – 3D models and landmarks

Valentin Fischer, Rebecca Bennion, Davide Foffa, Jamie MacLaren, Matthew McCurry, Keegan Melstrom & Nathalie Bardet
Amniotes have been a major component of marine trophic chains from the beginning of the Triassic to present day, with hundreds of species. However, inferences of their (palaeo)ecology have mostly been qualitative, making it difficult to track how dietary niches have changed through time and across clades. Here, we tackle this issue by applying a novel geometric morphometric protocol to 3D models of tooth crowns across a wide range of raptorial marine amniotes. Our results...

Regional dataset including species occurences and survey characteristics

Davy Fonteyn
While mammals are facing tremendous threats and environmental challenges across central Africa, we still lack a thorough understanding of how mammal assemblages are distributed across the region, though this knowledge is essential for planning coordinated conservation strategies and assessing where conservation gaps might persist. To fill this critical knowledge gap, we gathered species lists from wildlife and bushmeat-related surveys focusing on medium-sized to large mammals. The combined dataset includes 6,840 species occurrences across central Africa...

Data from: Peculiar macrophagous adaptations in a new Cretaceous pliosaurid

Valentin Fischer, Maxim S. Arkhangelsky, Ilya M. Stenshin, Gleb N. Uspensky, Nikolay G. Zverkov & Roger B. J. Benson
During the Middle and Late Jurassic, pliosaurid plesiosaurs evolved gigantic body size and a series of craniodental adaptations that have been linked to the occupation of an apex predator niche. Cretaceous pliosaurids (i.e. Brachaucheninae) depart from this morphology, being slightly smaller and lacking the macrophagous adaptations seen in earlier forms. However, the fossil record of Early Cretaceous pliosaurids is poor, concealing the evolution and ecological diversity of the group. Here, we report a new pliosaurid...

Data from: Expression of sexual ornaments in a polymorphic species: phenotypic variation in response to environmental risk

Laurane Winandy & Mathieu Denoël
Secondary sexual traits may evolve under the antagonistic context of sexual and natural selection. In some polymorphic species, these traits are only expressed during the breeding period and are differently expressed in alternative phenotypes. However, it is unknown whether such phenotypes exhibit phenotypic plasticity of seasonal ornamentations in response to environmental pressures such as in the presence of fish (predation risk). This is an important question to understand the evolution of polyphenisms. We used facultative...

Data from: Genetic structure of fragmented southern populations of African Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer)

Nathalie Smitz, Daniel Cornélis, Philippe Chardonnet, Alexandre Caron, Michel De Garine-Wichatitsky, Ferran Jori, Alice Mouton, Alice Latinne, Lice-Marie Pigneur, Mario Melletti, Kimberly L. Kanapeckas, Jonathan Marescaux, Carlos Lopes Pereira & Johan Michaux
Background: African wildlife experienced a reduction in population size and geographical distribution over the last millennium, particularly since the 19th century as a result of human demographic expansion, wildlife overexploitation, habitat degradation and cattle-borne diseases. In many areas, ungulate populations are now largely confined within a network of loosely connected protected areas. These metapopulations face gene flow restriction and run the risk of genetic diversity erosion. In this context, we assessed the “genetic health” of...

Data from: Functionally reciprocal mutations of the prolactin signalling pathway define hairy and slick cattle

Matthew D. Littlejohn, Kristen M. Henty, Tiplady Kathryn, Thomas Johnson, Chad Harland, Thomas Lopdell, Richard G. Sherlock, Wanbo Li, Steven D. Lukefahr, Bruce C. Shanks, Dorian J. Garrick, Russel G. Snell, Richard J. Spelman & Stephen R. Davis
WGS Variants from 556 NZ Dairy Animals Chr23:30627379-40627379rtg_3.3.1_556_animal_Chr23:30627379-40627379_for_dryad.vcf.gzExome Variants in Multiple Breeds Chr20:34783594-42331973GATK-10MB-Window-Exomes.vcf.gzHairy syndrome genotypes and phenotypesGenotypes and phenotype used for genome-wide analysis of the hairy syndrome, Plink binary format (.bim .bed .fam)gen_phen_data_for_paper.zipHairy bull progeny TaqMan resultsHairy_bull_progeny_TaqMan_results.txtphysiological phenotypesphysiological_phenos.zipDFAM association results for 628,279 SNPDFAM_assoc_results.zipPhased genotypes and phenotypes for 82 Senepol crossbreedsphased_gen_phen_data_slick.zip

Data from: Next-generation sequencing for rodent barcoding: species identification from fresh, degraded and environmental samples

Maxime Galan, Marie Pagès & Jean-François Cosson
Rodentia is the most diverse order among mammals, with more than 2,000 species currently described. Most of the time, species assignation is so difficult based on morphological data solely that identifying rodents at the specific level corresponds to a real challenge. In this study, we compared the applicability of 100 bp mini-barcodes from cytochrome b and cytochrome c oxidase 1 genes to enable rodent species identification. Based on GenBank sequence datasets of 115 rodent species,...

Data from: Cytonuclear discordance among the Southeast Asian Black rats (Rattus rattus complex)

Marie Pagès, Eric Bazin, Maxime Galan, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Vincent Herbreteau, Johan Michaux, Sylvain Piry, Serge Morand & Jean-François Cosson
Black rats are major invasive vertebrate pests with severe ecological, economic and health impacts. Remarkably, their evolutionary history has received little attention, and there is no firm agreement on how many species should be recognized within the black rat complex. This species complex is native to India and Southeast Asia. According to current taxonomic classification, there are three taxa living in sympatry in several parts of Thailand, Cambodia and Lao People's Democratic Republic, where this...

First use of acoustic calls to distinguish cryptic fish species: Dascyllus aruanus complex as a case study

Eric Parmentier, Eric Parmentier, Robin Scalbert, Xavier Raick, Camille Gache, Bruno Frédérich, Frederic Bertucci & David Lecchini
From a practical point of view, the determination of species in the wild is based on their phenotypes. Consequently, many species remain unknown because they are visually indistinguishable from described species. Although molecular methods and advances in bioacoustical analysis have been extensively used to uncover cryptic species, the combination of both methodologies is still rare and concerns only some terrestrial taxa such as insects, bats, frogs and birds. In this study, we aim to determine...

Efficient production of few-layer black phosphorus by liquid-phase exfoliation

Ghassane Tiouitchi, Mustapha Ait Ali, Abdelilah Benyoussef, Mohammed Hamedoun, Abdessadek Lachgar, Abdelkader Kara, Ahmed Ennaoui, Abdelfattah Mahmoud, Frederic Boschini, Hamid Oughaddou, Amine El Moutaouakil, Abdellah El Kenz & Omar Mounkachi
Phosphorene is a new 2D material that has recently attracted much attention owing to its fascinating electrical, optical, thermal, and chemical properties. Here, we report on high-quality exfoliation of black phosphorus nanosheets, with controllable size produced in large quantities by liquid phase exfoliation using N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as a solvent under ambient conditions. The as-synthesized few layers show a great potential for solar energy conversion based on the optical results shown in this work.

Data from: Facultative paedomorphosis as a mechanism promoting intraspecific niche differentiation

Benjamin Lejeune, Nicolas Sturaro, Gilles Lepoint & Mathieu Denoel
Organisms with complex life cycles are characterized by a metamorphosis that allows for a major habitat shift and the exploitation of alternative resources. However, metamorphosis can be bypassed in some species through a process called paedomorphosis, resulting in the retention of larval traits at the adult stage and is considered important at both micro- and macroevolutionary scales. In facultatively paedomorphic populations of newts, some individuals retain gills and a fully aquatic life at the adult...

Data from: The ovipositor actuation mechanism of a parasitic wasp and its functional implications

Noraly M.M.E. Van Meer, Uroš Cerkvenik, Christian M. Schlepütz, Johan L. Van Leeuwen & Sander W. S. Gussekloo
Parasitic wasps use specialized needle-like structures­­—ovipositors—to drill in substrates to reach hidden hosts. The external ovipositor (terebra) consists of three interconnected, sliding elements (valvulae) which are moved reciprocally during insertion. This presumably reduces the required pushing force on the terebra and limits the risk of damage whilst probing. Although this is an important mechanism, it is still not completely understood how the actuation of the valvulae is achieved, and it has only been studied with...

Genetic architecture of individual variation in recombination rate on the X-chromosome in cattle

Tom Druet
Meiotic recombination is an essential biological process that ensures proper chromosome segregation and creates genetic diversity. Individual variation in global recombination rates has been shown to be heritable in several species and variants significantly associated with this trait have been identified. Recombination on the sex chromosome has often been ignored in these studies although this trait may be particularly interesting as it may correspond to a biological process distinct from that on autosomes. For instance,...

Data package from 'Pantropical variability in tree crown allometry' Global Ecology and Biogeography 2021. DOI: 10.1111/geb.13231

Grace Jopaul Loubota Panzou, Adeline Fayolle, Tommaso Jucker, Oliver Phillips, Stephanie Bohlman, Lindsay F. Banin, Simon L. Lewis, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Luciana F. Alves, Cécile Antin, Eric Arets, Luzmila Arroyo, Timothy R. Baker, Nicolas Barbier, Hans Beeckman, Uta Berger, Yannick Enock Bocko, Frans Bongers, Sam Bowers, Thom Brade, Eduardo S. Brondizio, Arthur Chantrain, Jerome Chave, Halidou Compaore & David Coomes

An evaluation of inbreeding measures using a whole genome sequenced cattle pedigree

Tom Druet, Setegn Worku Alemu, Naveen Kumar Kadri, Pierre Faux, Chad Harland, Carole Charlier & Armando Caballero
The estimation of the inbreeding coefficient (F) is essential for the study of inbreeding depression (ID) or for the management of populations under conservation. Several methods have been proposed to estimate the realized F using genetic markers, but it remains unclear which one should be used. Here we used whole-genome sequence data for 245 individuals from a Holstein cattle pedigree to empirically evaluate which estimators best capture homozygosity at variants causing ID, such as rare...

Data from: A new Devonian euthycarcinoid evidences the use of different respiratory strategies during the marine-to-terrestrial transition in the myriapod lineage

Pierre Gueriau, James C. Lamsdell, Roy A. Wogelius, Phillip L. Manning, Victoria M. Egerton, Uwe Bergmann, Loïc Bertrand & Julien Denayer
Myriapods were, together with arachnids, the earliest animals to occupy terrestrial ecosystems, by at least the Silurian. The origin of myriapods and their land colonization have long remained puzzling until euthycarcinoids, an extinct group of aquatic arthropods considered amphibious, were shown to be stem group myriapods, extending the lineage to the Cambrian and evidencing a marine-to-terrestrial transition. Although possible respiratory structures comparable to the air-breathing tracheal system of myriapods are visible in several euthycarcinoids, little...

Data from: Cultural flies: conformist social learning in fruit flies predicts long-lasting mate-choice traditions

Etienne Danchin, Sabine Nöbel, Arnaud Pocheville, Anne-Cecile Dagaeff, Léa Demay, Mathilde Alphand, Sarah Ranty-Roby, Lara Van Renssen, Magdalena Monier, Eva Gazagne, Mélanie Allain & Guillaume Isabel
Despite theoretical justification for the evolution of animal culture, there is still scant empirical evidence for it beyond mammals and birds, and we still know little about the process of cultural inheritance. Here, we propose a mechanism-driven definition of animal culture and test it in the fruit fly. We found that fruit flies have five cognitive capacities that enable them to transmit mating preferences culturally across generations, potentially fostering persistent traditions (the main marker of...

Indian philosophy and the value of transformative experiences. An interview with Monima Chadha by Edvard Avilés and Matthieu Koroma

Monima Chadha, Edvard Avilés & Matthieu Koroma
In this interview, we engage in a cross-cultural discussion about the diversity of consciousness. Indian philosophy can seem quite cryptic and difficult to follow because it is a primary oral tradition. However, Monima Chadha has developed a series of work aiming at introducing the rich insights of Indian philosophy of mind into Western literature. Indeed, the translation of concepts and practices from the Indian to the Western context requires a solid knowledge of the Indian...

A Collection of Greek Ritual Norms

Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels & Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

Dataset of the retrieved oxygen green and red lines from TGO/NOMAD/UVIS dayside limb observations, presented in Soret et al., 2022

Lauriane Soret & Ann Carine Vandaele

Semi-artificial datasets as a resource for validation of bioinformatics pipelines for plant virus detection

Lucie Tamisier, Annelies Haegeman, Yoika Foucart, Nicolas Fouillien, Maher Al Rwahnih, Nihal Buzkan, Thierry Candresse, Michela Chiumenti, Kris De Jonghe, Marie Lefebvre, Paolo Margaria, Jean Sébastien Reynard, Kristian Stevens, Denis Kutnjak & Sébastien Massart
In the last decade, High-Throughput Sequencing (HTS) has revolutionized biology and medicine. This technology allows the sequencing of huge amount of DNA and RNA fragments at a very low price. In medicine, HTS tests for disease diagnostics are already brought into routine practice. However, the adoption in plant health diagnostics is still limited. One of the main bottlenecks is the lack of expertise and consensus on the standardization of the data analysis. The Plant Health...

PoPuPS, une pépinière de revues, entre multi-disciplinarité et qualité

Data from: Convergence and constraint in the cranial evolution of mosasaurid reptiles and early cetaceans

Rebecca Bennion, Jamie MacLaren, Ellen Coombs, Felix Marx, Olivier Lambert & Valentin Fischer
The repeated return of tetrapods to aquatic life provides some of the best-known examples of convergent evolution. One comparison which has received relatively little focus is that of mosasaurids (a group of Late Cretaceous squamates) and archaic cetaceans (the ancestors of modern whales and dolphins), both of which show high levels of craniodental disparity, similar initial trends in locomotory evolution, and global distributions. Here we investigate convergence in skull ecomorphology during the initial aquatic radiations...

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