Il était une fois en Belgique, dans l’Ouest du Hainaut, un collectif d’agriculteurs qui s’était donné pour mission de questionner leurs pratiques. Convaincus que l’avenir de l’agriculture ne dépend pas des grands groupes mondiaux, mais que l’innovation se trouve dans les fermes, ces agriculteurs ont décidé de mutualiser leurs connaissances et leurs expériences dans un but d’augmenter la résilience de leurs systèmes et de retrouver leur autonomie. Ces changements, ils les effectuent à diverses échelles,...
Impacts of probabilistic geological realizations in a geothermal reservoir using numerical and statistical investigationsAli Dashti , Maziar Gholami Korzani , Christophe Geuzaine & Thomas Kohl
Achieving a (?) reliable geological model is the foremost step in all underground resource assessments. However, regarding the sparsity of data and lack of knowledge, a spectrum of solutions makes more sense compared to a single deterministic model. It this study, a probabilistic geological modeler (Gempy) is used to understand the effect of existing uncertainty in the data representing subsurface layers and faults. A synthetic single fault model in which both the layers and fault...
pp. 70-83. We analyze Qué solos se quedan los muertos, a novel about crimes in the Mexican city of Zacatecas published in 1985 by Mempo Giardinelli, an Argentine writer who was exiled in Mexico. This analysis about how the author represents his host country, Mexican literature and the genre of crime fiction shows that he tries to avoid the use of national (Mexico) and genre (the crime novel) stereotypes. In this way, he aspires to...
Dataset to study the population genomics of introduced Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: repeated introductions since colonial times with multiple sourcesMare Geraerts, Carl Vangestel, Tom Artois, Jorge Manuel De Oliveira Fernandes, Michiel W. P. Jorissen, Auguste Chocha Manda, Célestin Danadu Mizani, Karen Smeets, Jos Snoeks, Gontran Sonet, Yang Tingbao, Maarten Van Steenberge, Emmanuel Vreven, Soleil Lunkayilakio Wamuini, Maarten P. M. Vanhove & Tine Huyse
During colonial times, Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) was introduced in non-native parts of the Congo Basin (Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC) for the first time. Currently, it is the most farmed cichlid in the DRC, and is present throughout the Congo Basin. Although Nile tilapia has been reported as an invasive species, documentation of historical introductions into this basin and its consequences are scant. Here, we study the genetic consequences of these...
Data associated with: Global ecomorphological restructuring of dominant marine reptiles prior to the K/Pg mass extinctionJamie MacLaren, Rebecca Bennion, Nathalie Bardet & Valentin Fischer
Mosasaurid squamates were the dominant amniote predators in marine ecosystems during most of the Late Cretaceous. Here, we use a suite of biomechanically rooted, functionally descriptive ratios in a framework adapted from population ecology to investigate how the morphofunctional disparity of mosasaurids evolved prior to the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/Pg) mass extinction. Our results suggest that taxonomic turnover in mosasaurid community composition from Campanian to Maastrichtian is reflected by a notable global increase in morphofunctional disparity, especially...
Data from: Convergence and constraint in the cranial evolution of mosasaurid reptiles and early cetaceansRebecca Bennion, Jamie MacLaren, Ellen Coombs, Felix Marx, Olivier Lambert & Valentin Fischer
The repeated return of tetrapods to aquatic life provides some of the best-known examples of convergent evolution. One comparison which has received relatively little focus is that of mosasaurids (a group of Late Cretaceous squamates) and archaic cetaceans (the ancestors of modern whales and dolphins), both of which show high levels of craniodental disparity, similar initial trends in locomotory evolution, and global distributions. Here we investigate convergence in skull ecomorphology during the initial aquatic radiations...
Supplementary Information for Biogeography a key influence on distal forelimb variation in horses through the CenozoicJamie MacLaren
Locomotion in terrestrial tetrapods is reliant on interactions between distal limb bones (e.g. metapodials and phalanges). The metapodial-phalangeal joint in horse (Equidae) limbs is highly specialised, facilitating vital functions (shock absorption; elastic recoil). While joint shape has changed throughout horse evolution, potential drivers of these modifications have not been quantitatively assessed. Here, I examine the morphology of the forelimb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint of horses and their extinct kin (palaeotheres) using geometric morphometrics and disparity analyses,...
Termites feed on vegetal matter at various stages of decomposition. Lineages of wood- and soil-feeding termites are distributed across terrestrial ecosystems located between 45°N and 45°S of latitude, a distribution they acquired through many transoceanic dispersal events. While wood-feeding termites often live in the wood on which they feed and are efficient at dispersing across oceans by rafting, soil-feeders are believed to be poor dispersers. Therefore, their distribution across multiple continents requires an explanation. Here,...
Data from: Periodic environmental disturbance drives repeated ecomorphological diversification in an adaptive radiation of Antarctic fishesElyse Parker, Katerina L. Zapfe, Jagriti Yadav, Bruno Frédérich, Christopher D. Jones, Evan P. Economo, Sarah Federman, Thomas J. Near & Alex Dornburg
The ecological theory of adaptive radiation has profoundly shaped our conceptualization of the rules that govern diversification. However, while many radiations follow classic early burst patterns of diversification as they fill ecological space, the longer-term fates of these radiations depend on many factors, such as climatic stability. In systems with periodic disturbances, species-rich clades can contain nested adaptive radiations of subclades with their own distinct diversification histories, and how adaptive radiation theory applies in these...
Climatic niche evolution during the diversification of tropical plants has received little attention in Africa. To address this, we characterized the climatic niche of >4000 tropical African woody species, distinguishing two broad bioclimatic groups (forest vs. savanna) and six subgroups. We quantified niche conservatism versus lability at the genus level and for higher clades, using a molecular phylogeny of >800 genera. Although niche stasis at speciation is prevalent, numerous clades individually cover vast climatic spaces...
University of Liège11
Université Libre de Bruxelles2
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University2
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences2
Royal Museum for Central Africa1
University of Lubumbashi1
University of Edinburgh1
Southwest Fisheries Science Center1